ИисусНавин 5

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1 Когда все цари Аморрейские, которые жили по эту сторону Иордана к морю, и все цари Ханаанские, которые при море, услышали, что Господь иссушил воды Иордана пред сынами Израилевыми, доколе переходили они, тогда ослабело сердце их, и не стало уже в них духапротив сынов Израилевых.

2 В то время сказал Господь Иисусу: сделай себе острые ножи и обрежь сынов Израилевых во второй раз.

3 И сделал себе Иисус острые ножи и обрезал сынов Израилевых на месте, названном : Холм обрезания.

4 Вот причина, почему обрезал Иисус сынов Израилевых , весь народ, вышедший изЕгипта, мужеского пола, все способные к войне умерли в пустыне на пути, по исшествии из Египта;

5 весь же вышедший народ был обрезан, но весь народ, родившийся в пустыне на пути, после того как вышел из Египта, не был обрезан;

6 ибо сыны Израилевы сорок года ходили в пустыне, доколе не перемер весь народ, способный к войне, вышедший из Египта, которые не слушалигласа Господня, и которым Господь клялся, что они не увидят земли, которую Господь с клятвою обещал отцам их, дать нам землю, где течет молокои мед,

7 а вместо их воздвиг сынов их. Сих обрезал Иисус, ибо они были необрезаны; потому чтоих, на пути, не обрезывали.

8 Когда весь народ был обрезан, оставался он на своем месте в стане, доколе не выздоровел.

9 И сказал Господь Иисусу: ныне Я снял с вас посрамление Египетское. Почему и называется то местоГалгал", даже до сего дня.

10 И стояли сыны Израилевы станом в Галгале и совершили Пасху в четырнадцатый день месяца вечером на равнинах Иерихонских;

11 и на другой день Пасхи стали есть из произведений земли сей, опресноки и сушеные зерна в самыйтот день;

12 а манна перестала падать на другой день после того, как они стали есть произведения земли, и не было более манны у сынов Израилевых, но они ели в тот год произведения земли Ханаанской.

13 Иисус, находясь близ Иерихона, взглянул, и видит, и вот стоит пред ним человек, и в руке его обнаженный меч. Иисус подошел к нему исказал ему: наш ли ты, или из неприятелей наших?

14 Он сказал: нет; я вождь воинства Господня, теперь пришел сюда . Иисус пал лицем своим на землю, и поклонился и сказал ему: что господин мой скажет рабу своему?

15 Вождь воинства Господня сказал Иисусу: сними обувь твою с ног твоих, ибо место, на котором ты стоишь, свято. Иисус так и сделал.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

Иордана
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

море
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

воды
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

пред
В большинстве случаев значение слова "до" довольно прямолинейно, как в качестве способа оценки относительного времени, так и в смысле его использования "в чьем-то присутствии". Однако...

время
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

раз
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

пути
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

обрезан
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

сорок
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

народ
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

клялся
'To sware' is a binding.

Земли
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

дать
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Мед
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

называется
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Место
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Галгал
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

четырнадцатый
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

день
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

есть
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

манна
'Manna' signifies the good of celestial love conjoined to wisdom. 'Manna' signifies the good of truth. 'Manna' signifies celestial and spiritual good. Hidden manna,' as...

Ханаанской
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Иерихона
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

человек
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

меч
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

пришел
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

господин
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ног
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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