ИисусНавин 24

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синодальный перевод (1876)         

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1 И собрал Иисус все колена Израилевы в Сихем и призвал старейшин Израиля и начальников его, и судей его и надзирателей его, и предстали пред Господа Бога.

2 И сказал Иисус всему народу: так говорит Господь Бог Израилев: „за рекою жили отцы ваши издревле, Фарра, отец Авраама и отец Нахора, и служили иным богам.

3 Но Я взял отца вашего Авраама из-за реки и водил его по всей земле Ханаанской, и размножил семя его и дал ему Исаака.

4 Исааку дал Иакова и Исава. Исаву дал Я горуСеир в наследие; Иаков же и сыны его перешли в Египет

5 И послал Я Моисея и Аарона и поразил Египет язвами, которые делал Я среди его, и потом вывел вас.

6 Я вывел отцов ваших из Египта, и вы пришли к Чермному морю. Тогда Египтяне гнались за отцами вашими с колесницами и всадниками до Чермного моря;

7 но они возопили к Господу, и Он положил тьму между вами и Египтянами и навел на них море, которое их и покрыло. Глаза ваши видели, что Я сделал в Египте. Потом много времени пробыли вы в пустыне.

8 И привел Я вас к земле Аморреев, живших за Иорданом; они сразились с вами, но Я предал их в руки ваши, и вы получили в наследие землю их, и Я истребил их пред вами.

9 Восстал Валак, сын Сепфоров, царь Моавитский, и пошел войною на Израиля, и послал и призвал Валаама, сына Веорова, чтоб он проклял вас;

10 но Я не хотел послушать Валаама, – и он благословил вас, и Я избавил вас из рук его.

11 Вы перешли Иордан и пришли к Иерихону. И сталивоевать с вами жители Иерихона, Аморреи, и Ферезеи, и Хананеи, и Хеттеи, и Гергесеи, и Евеи, и Иевусеи, но Я предал их в руки ваши.

12 Я послал пред вами шершней, которые прогнали их от вас, двух царей Аморрейских; не мечом твоим и не луком твоим сделано это .

13 И дал Я вам землю, над которою ты не трудился, и города, которых вы не строили, и вы живете в них; из виноградных и масличных садов, которых вы не насаждали, вы едите плоды ".

14 Итак бойтесь Господа и служите Ему в чистоте и искренности; отвергните богов, которым служили отцы ваши за рекою и в Египте, а служите Господу.

15 Если же не угодно вам служить Господу, то изберите себе ныне, кому служить, богам ли, которым служили отцы ваши, бывшие за рекою, или богам Аморреев, в земле которых живете; а я и дом мой будем служить Господу.

16 И отвечал народ и сказал: нет, не будет того, чтобы мы оставилиГоспода и стали служить другим богам!

17 Ибо ГосподьБог наш, Он вывел нас и отцов наших из земли Египетской, из дома рабства, и делал пред глазами нашими великие знамения и хранил нас на всемпути, по которому мы шли, и среди всех народов, чрез которые мы проходили.

18 Господь прогнал от нас все народы и Аморреев, живших в сей земле.Посему и мы будем служить Господу, ибо Он – Бог наш.

19 Иисус сказал народу: не возможете служить Господу, ибо Он Бог святый, Бог ревнитель, не потерпит беззакония вашего и грехов ваших.

20 Если вы оставите Господа и будете служить чужим богам, то Он наведет на вас зло и истребит вас, после того как благотворил вам.

21 И сказал народ Иисусу: нет, мы Господу будем служить.

22 Иисус сказал народу: вы свидетели о себе, что вы избрали себе Господа – служить Ему? Они отвечали: свидетели.

23 Итак отвергните чужих богов, которые у вас, и обратите сердце своек Господу Богу Израилеву.

24 Народ сказал Иисусу: Господу Богу нашему будемслужить и гласа Его будем слушать.

25 И заключил Иисус с народом завет в тот день и дал ему постановления и закон в Сихеме.

26 И вписал Иисус слова сии в книгу закона Божия, и взял большой камень и положил его там под дубом, который подле святилища Господня.

27 И сказал Иисус всему народу: вот, камень сей будет нам свидетелем, ибо он слышал все слова Господа, которые Он говорил с нами; он да будет свидетелем против вас, чтобы вы не солгали пред Богом вашим.

28 И отпустил Иисус народ, каждого в свой удел.

29 После сего умер Иисус, сын Навин, раб Господень, будучи ста десяти лет.

30 И похоронили его в пределе его удела в Фамнаф-Сараи, что на горе Ефремовой, на север от горы Гааша.

31 И служил Израиль Господу во все дни Иисуса и во все дни старейшин, которых жизнь продлилась после Иисуса и которые видели все дела Господа, какие Он сделал Израилю.

32 И кости Иосифа, которые вынесли сыны Израилевы из Египта, схоронили в Сихеме, в участке поля, которое купил Иаков у сынов Еммора, отца Сихемова, за сто монет и которое досталось в удел сынам Иосифовым.

33 После сего умер и Елеазар, сын Аарона, и похоронили его на холме Финееса, сына его, который дан ему на горе Ефремовой.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

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Бытие 11:26, 27, 12:1, 21:2, 3, 25:24, 26, 28:18, 31:19, 33:19, 35:2, 4, 36:8, 9, 46:1, 6, 7, 48:22, 50:25, 26

Исход 6:23, 25, 27, 7:7, 12:41, 51, 13:3, 14, 19, 14:1, 2, 9, 10, 20, 27, 31, 15:25, 19:8, 20:5, 23:2, 21, 23, 28, 24:3, 4, 34:14

Левит 11:44, 45

Числа 20:28, 21:21, 25, 31, 32, 22:2, 5, 24:10, 36:7, 9

Второзаконие 4:34, 46, 47, 6:11, 13, 7:19, 10:21, 11:2, 7, 19:1, 26:17, 29:2, 9, 11, 31:4, 19, 32:9, 12

ИисусНавин 2:10, 3:10, 4:1, 10, 11, 19, 5:6, 6:6, 9:2, 11:13, 19:50, 20:7, 22:6, 27, 28, 29, 34, 23:2, 9

КнигаСудей 2:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 9:6, 17:1, 20:26

1я Царств 10:19, 12:24, 25

2я Царств 23:30

3я Царств 18:21

4я Царств 11:17, 23:1

1я Паралипоменон 28:8

2я Паралипоменон 13:10, 15:2, 12, 14, 15, 34:33

Неемия 11:20

Псалтирь 44:4, 80:10, 81:10, 89:31, 99:3, 105:43, 119:106, 135:11

Исаия 2:9

Иезекииль 20:7, 39

Амос 2:9, 10

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От Матфея 24, 26:72

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Деяния 7:16, 45, 10:33

К Евреям 11:22

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'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

старейшин
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Израиля
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пред
В большинстве случаев значение слова "до" довольно прямолинейно, как в качестве способа оценки относительного времени, так и в смысле его использования "в чьем-то присутствии". Однако...

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отцы
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отец
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Авраама
Авраам (или Аврам, как он назван в начале своего рассказа) - один из главных героев истории священного писания. Он был родоначальником всех Сынов Израилевых через...

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Иаков
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Иакова
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Исава
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Иерихона
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после
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слова
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говорил
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умер
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Ефремовой
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на север
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север
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горы
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кости
Кости сильны и поддерживают, обеспечивая основу для наших тел и делая возможным движение и действия. Они также являются наименее "живой" частью нашего тела, большая часть...

Иосифа
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поля
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Сихемова
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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
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