Бытие 37

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синодальный перевод (1876)         

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1 Иаков жил в земле странствования отца своего, в земле Ханаанской.

2 Вот житие Иакова. Иосиф, семнадцати лет, пасскот вместе с братьями своими, будучи отроком, с сыновьями Валлы и с сыновьями Зелфы, жен отца своего. И доводил Иосиф худые о них слухи до отца их.

3 Израиль любил Иосифа более всех сыновей своих, потому что он был сын старости его, –и сделал ему разноцветную одежду.

4 И увидели братья его, что отец их любит его более всех братьев его; и возненавидели его и не могли говорить с ним дружелюбно.

5 И видел Иосиф сон, и рассказал братьям своим: и они возненавидели его еще более.

6 Он сказал им: выслушайте сон, который я видел:

7 вот, мы вяжем снопы посреди поля; и вот, мой сноп встал и стал прямо; и вот, ваши снопы стали кругом и поклонились моему снопу.

8 И сказали ему братья его: неужели ты будешь царствовать над нами? неужели будешь владеть нами? И возненавидели его еще более за сны его и за слова его.

9 И видел он еще другой сон и рассказал его братьям своим, говоря: вот, я видел еще сон: вот, солнце и луна и одиннадцать звезд поклоняются мне.

10 И он рассказал отцу своему и братьям своим; и побранил его отец его и сказал ему: что это за сон, который ты видел? неужели я и твоя мать, и твои братья придем поклониться тебе до земли?

11 Братья его досадовали на него, а отец его заметил это слово.

12 Братья его пошли пасти скот отца своего в Сихем.

13 И сказал Израиль Иосифу: братья твои не пасут ли в Сихеме? пойди, я пошлю тебя к ним. Он отвечал ему: вот я.

14 И сказал ему: пойди, посмотри, здоровы ли братья твои и цел ли скот, и принеси мне ответ. И послал его из долины Хевронской; и он пришел в Сихем.

15 И нашел его некто блуждающим в поле, и спросил его тот человек, говоря: чего ты ищешь?

16 Он сказал: я ищу братьев моих; скажи мне, где они пасут?

17 И сказал тот человек: они ушли отсюда, ибо я слышал, как они говорили: пойдем в Дофан. И пошел Иосиф за братьями своими инашел их в Дофане.

18 И увидели они его издали, и прежде нежели он приблизился к ним, стали умышлять против него, чтобы убить его.

19 И сказали друг другу: вот, идет сновидец;

20 пойдем теперь, и убьем его, и бросим его в какой-нибудь ров, и скажем, что хищный зверь съел его; и увидим, что будет из его снов.

21 И услышал сие Рувим и избавил его от рук их, сказав: неубьем его.

22 И сказал им Рувим: не проливайте крови; бросьте его в ров, который в пустыне, а руки не налагайте на него. Сие говорил он , чтобы избавить его от рук их и возвратить его к отцу его.

23 Когда Иосиф пришел к братьям своим, они сняли с Иосифа одежду его, одежду разноцветную, которая была на нем,

24 и взяли его и бросили его в ров; ров же тот был пуст; воды в нем небыло.

25 И сели они есть хлеб, и, взглянув, увидели, вот, идет из Галаада караван Измаильтян, и верблюды их несут стираксу, бальзам и ладан: идут они отвезти это в Египет.

26 И сказал Иуда братьям своим: что пользы, если мы убьем брата нашегои скроем кровь его?

27 Пойдем, продадим его Измаильтянам, а руки наши да не будут на нем, ибо он брат наш,плоть наша. Братья его послушались

28 и, когда проходили купцы Мадиамские, вытащили Иосифа изо рва и продали Иосифа Измаильтянам за двадцать сребренников; а они отвели Иосифа в Египет.

29 Рувим же пришел опять ко рву; и вот, нет Иосифа ворве. И разодрал он одежды свои,

30 и возвратился к братьям своим, и сказал: отрока нет, а я, куда я денусь?

31 И взяли одежду Иосифа, и закололи козла, и вымарали одежду кровью;

32 и послали разноцветную одежду, и доставили к отцу своему, и сказали: мы это нашли; посмотри, сына ли твоего эта одежда, или нет.

33 Он узнал ее и сказал: это одежда сына моего; хищный зверьсъел его; верно, растерзан Иосиф.

34 И разодрал Иаков одежды свои, и возложил вретище на чресла свои,и оплакивал сына своего многие дни.

35 И собрались все сыновья его и все дочери его, чтобы утешить его; но он не хотел утешиться и сказал: с печалью сойду к сыну моему в преисподнюю. Так оплакивал его отец его.

36 Мадианитяне же продали его в Египте Потифару, царедворцу фараонову, начальнику телохранителей.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 37      

Napsal(a) Joe David

The stories in the Old Testament foreshadow future events -- not so much historical events, but changes in the spiritual states of humankind.

In the inner meaning, the story of Jacob, and his twelve sons, and Joseph and his dreams, deals with people's eventual rejection of the Divine truths that they would receive from the Lord in the Christian church, and their acceptance of falsities instead.

Specifically, this chapter is about the way that some theologians in the Christian church developed the idea of salvation by faith alone, when the Lord really wants us to conjoin faith and charity in our lives.

This seems like a stretch - that a story from 3500+ years ago could be foreshadowing modern theological arguments. And yet, human beings, as partly-spiritual creatures, are always players in a big, long spiritual story - and the Old Testament stories are archetypes for things we wrestle with in our own lives. For the details of this story's meaning, look at Arcana Coelestia 4665, and the following passages.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4665, 4666, 4668, 4675, 4678, 4679, 4680, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 755, 1463, 1616, 2909, 3242, 3263, 4286, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 351

Истинная Христианская Религия 727


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 434, 448, 637, 654, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Иаков
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

земле
"Земля" в Библии может означать человека или группу единомышленников, как в церкви. Но это относится конкретно к внешнему виду человека, или к общему мышлению группы....

Ханаанской
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Иакова
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Иосиф
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Израиль
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Иосифа
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Сын
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

братья
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

отец
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

любит
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

поля
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

царствовать
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

слова
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

солнце
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Луна
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

мать
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Земли
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

слово
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

пасти
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

Сихем
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

послал
'To send' signifies revealing.

долины
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

пришел
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

нашел
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

поле
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

человек
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Рувим
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Руки
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

сняли с
As in Micah 1:8, 'to be stripped' signifies being without goods, and 'to be naked' signifies being without truths.

воды
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

есть
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

хлеб
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

верблюды
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

бальзам
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

Египет
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Иуда
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

кровь
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Измаильтянам
'Ishmaelites' represent people who are in simple good of life, and thence in natural truth regarding doctrine.

брат
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

плоть
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

двадцать
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

одежды
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

кровью
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

сына
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

одежда
A coat, as in Matthew 10:10, signifies interior natural truth, or truth of the natural principle. The Lord's coat without seam, woven from above throughout...

вретище
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

чресла
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

оплакивал
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

сыновья
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

дочери
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

утешиться
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

телохранителей
‘To guard,’ when used as in Genesis 41:35, denotes ‘to store up.’ ‘Guards,’ as in Genesis 37:36, signify things that minister.

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 Clothespin Figure of Joseph
Make a clothespin figure of Joseph and a coat of many colors for him to wear.
Project | Ages over 3

 Correspondences of Color
Illustrations of three stories in the Word that mention colors. (Quotations are the King James translation.)
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Dream Charades from the Joseph Story
This activity reviews the six dreams in the Joseph series, dreamed by Joseph, the butler, the baker, and Pharaoh.
Activity | Ages 11 - 16

 Family Worship: The Joseph Story
Religion Lesson | All Ages

 Jacob’s Sons
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph and His Brothers
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Joseph and His Brothers
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 Joseph and His Brothers
The story of Joseph features several dreams that held a promise of things to come.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph and His Brothers
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph and His Brothers
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph and His Coat
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph and the Coat of Many Colors
Color and cut out Joseph and his colorful coat, then use to act out the story.
Project | Ages over 3

 Joseph and the Coat of Many Colors
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph Is Given a Coat of Many Colors
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph Is Sold
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph's Coat
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph’s Coat of Many Colors
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph's Coat of Many Colors Retold
A simpler version of the story for younger children.
Story | Ages over 3

 Joseph's Coat (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Joseph's Dreams - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: make sun, moon, and stars pieces and act out Joseph's first dream; learn an action rhyme about Joseph's second dream with video demonstration; scripted story discussion; coloring picture; and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Dreams - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: play a card game matching talents and needs; make a diorama of the sun, moon, and stars bowing down to Joseph; scripted story discussion; coloring picture; and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Dreams - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: watch and discuss a video about Joseph's Brothers in Your Head, learn what Joseph represents and make a folding star to show how we can seek to be like Joseph, read and reflect on a door handle sign about listening to your dreams, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Dreams - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: watch and discuss a video about Joseph's Brothers in Your Head, act out scenarios in pairs to practice behaving with integrity, read and reflect on a door handle sign about listening to your dreams, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Sold into Slavery
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph the Favorite
Joseph's brothers are jealous of him and sell him into slavery.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph Wears His Coat of Many Colors
A beautiful color illustration of Jacob giving Joseph a special gift
Picture | All Ages

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 The Coat of Many Colors
In reality, the majority of our persecutions come from within ourselves. Evil spirits attack us by stirring up selfish tendencies and attitudes.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Story of Joseph
Examining the life and character of Joseph teaches us about how the Lord leads each of our lives.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Is True Wisdom?
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18


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