Амос 5

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Russian: Synodal Translation (1876)         

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1 Слушайте это слово, в котором я подниму плач о вас, дом Израилев.

2 Упала, не встает более дева Израилева! повержена на земле своей, и некому поднять ее.

3 Ибо так говорит Господь Бог: город, выступавший тысячею, останется только с сотнею, и выступавший сотнею, останется с десятком у дома Израилева.

4 Ибо так говорит Господь дому Израилеву: взыщите Меня, и будете живы.

5 Не ищите Вефиля и не ходите в Галгал, и в Вирсавию не странствуйте, ибо Галгал весь пойдет в плен и Вефиль обратится в ничто.

6 Взыщите Господа, и будете живы, чтобы Он не устремился на дом Иосифов как огонь, который пожрет его, и некому будет погасить его в Вефиле.

7 О, вы, которые суд превращаете в отраву и правду повергаете на землю!

8 Кто сотворил семизвездие и Орион, и претворяет смертную тень в ясное утро, а день делает темным как ночь, призывает воды морские и разливает их по лицу земли? – Господь имя Ему!

9 Он укрепляет опустошителя против сильного, и опустошитель входит в крепость.

10 А они ненавидят обличающего в воротах и гнушаются тем, кто говорит правду.

11 Итак за то, что вы попираете бедного и берете от него подарки хлебом, вы построите домы из тесаных камней, но жить не будете в них; разведете прекрасные виноградники, а вино из них не будете пить.

12 Ибо Я знаю, как многочисленны преступления ваши и как тяжки грехи ваши: вы враги правого, берете взятки и извращаете в суде дела бедных.

13 Поэтому разумный безмолвствует в это время, ибо злое это время.

14 Ищите добра, а не зла, чтобы вам остаться в живых, – и тогда Господь Бог Саваоф будет с вами, как вы говорите.

15 Возненавидьте зло и возлюбите добро, и восстановите у ворот правосудие; может быть, Господь Бог Саваоф помилует остаток Иосифов.

16 Посему так говорит Господь Бог Саваоф, Вседержитель: на всех улицах будет плач, и на всех дорогах будут восклицать: „увы, увы!", и призовут земледельца сетовать и искусных в плачевных песнях – плакать,

17 и во всех виноградниках будет плач, ибо Я пройду среди тебя, говорит Господь.

18 Горе желающим дня Господня! для чего вам этот день Господень? онтьма, а не свет,

19 то же, как если бы кто убежал от льва, и попался бы ему навстречу медведь, или если бы пришел домой и оперся рукою о стену, измея ужалила бы его.

20 Разве день Господень не мрак, а свет? он тьма, и нет в нем сияния.

21 Ненавижу, отвергаю праздники ваши и не обоняю жертв во время торжественных собраний ваших.

22 Если вознесете Мне всесожжение и хлебное приношение, Я не приму их и не призрю на благодарственную жертву из тучных тельцов ваших.

23 Удали от Меня шум песней твоих, ибо звуков гуслей твоих Я не буду слушать.

24 Пусть, как вода, течет суд, и правда – как сильный поток!

25 Приносили ли вы Мне жертвы и хлебные дары в пустыне в течение сорока лет, дом Израилев?

26 Вы носили скинию Молохову и звезду бога вашего Ремфана, изображения, которые вы сделали для себя.

27 За то Я переселю вас за Дамаск, говорит Господь; Бог Саваофимя Ему!

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Учение о Господе 4, 38

Учение Нового Иерусалима Относительно Священного Писания 85

Истинная Христианская Религия 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

слово
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

дом
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Израилев
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

встает
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

город
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Галгал
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Вефиль
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Господа
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Иосифов
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

утро
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

день
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ночь
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

воды
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Земли
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

имя
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

входит
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

крепость
Fortifications denote truths so far as they defend good. Fortifications signify defense against falsities and evils.

говорит
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

вино
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

виноградники
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

пить
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

грехи
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

время
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Бог
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Саваоф
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

зло
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

добро
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

свет
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

медведь
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

пришел
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

шум
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

Слушать
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

правда
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

поток
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Дамаск
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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