Амос 5

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1 Слушайте это слово, в котором я подниму плач о вас, дом Израилев.

2 Упала, не встает более дева Израилева! повержена на земле своей, и некому поднять ее.

3 Ибо так говорит Господь Бог: город, выступавший тысячею, останется только с сотнею, и выступавший сотнею, останется с десятком у дома Израилева.

4 Ибо так говорит Господь дому Израилеву: взыщите Меня, и будете живы.

5 Не ищите Вефиля и не ходите в Галгал, и в Вирсавию не странствуйте, ибо Галгал весь пойдет в плен и Вефиль обратится в ничто.

6 Взыщите Господа, и будете живы, чтобы Он не устремился на дом Иосифов как огонь, который пожрет его, и некому будет погасить его в Вефиле.

7 О, вы, которые суд превращаете в отраву и правду повергаете на землю!

8 Кто сотворил семизвездие и Орион, и претворяет смертную тень в ясное утро, а день делает темным как ночь, призывает воды морские и разливает их по лицу земли? – Господь имя Ему!

9 Он укрепляет опустошителя против сильного, и опустошитель входит в крепость.

10 А они ненавидят обличающего в воротах и гнушаются тем, кто говорит правду.

11 Итак за то, что вы попираете бедного и берете от него подарки хлебом, вы построите домы из тесаных камней, но жить не будете в них; разведете прекрасные виноградники, а вино из них не будете пить.

12 Ибо Я знаю, как многочисленны преступления ваши и как тяжки грехи ваши: вы враги правого, берете взятки и извращаете в суде дела бедных.

13 Поэтому разумный безмолвствует в это время, ибо злое это время.

14 Ищите добра, а не зла, чтобы вам остаться в живых, – и тогда Господь Бог Саваоф будет с вами, как вы говорите.

15 Возненавидьте зло и возлюбите добро, и восстановите у ворот правосудие; может быть, Господь Бог Саваоф помилует остаток Иосифов.

16 Посему так говорит Господь Бог Саваоф, Вседержитель: на всех улицах будет плач, и на всех дорогах будут восклицать: „увы, увы!", и призовут земледельца сетовать и искусных в плачевных песнях – плакать,

17 и во всех виноградниках будет плач, ибо Я пройду среди тебя, говорит Господь.

18 Горе желающим дня Господня! для чего вам этот день Господень? онтьма, а не свет,

19 то же, как если бы кто убежал от льва, и попался бы ему навстречу медведь, или если бы пришел домой и оперся рукою о стену, измея ужалила бы его.

20 Разве день Господень не мрак, а свет? он тьма, и нет в нем сияния.

21 Ненавижу, отвергаю праздники ваши и не обоняю жертв во время торжественных собраний ваших.

22 Если вознесете Мне всесожжение и хлебное приношение, Я не приму их и не призрю на благодарственную жертву из тучных тельцов ваших.

23 Удали от Меня шум песней твоих, ибо звуков гуслей твоих Я не буду слушать.

24 Пусть, как вода, течет суд, и правда – как сильный поток!

25 Приносили ли вы Мне жертвы и хлебные дары в пустыне в течение сорока лет, дом Израилев?

26 Вы носили скинию Молохову и звезду бога вашего Ремфана, изображения, которые вы сделали для себя.

27 За то Я переселю вас за Дамаск, говорит Господь; Бог Саваофимя Ему!

  

Exploring the Meaning of Амос 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Учение о Господе 4, 38

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51, 82, 689, 761


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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