Амос 4

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Russian: Synodal Translation (1876)         

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1 Слушайте слово сие, телицы Васанские, которые на горе Самарийской, вы, притесняющие бедных, угнетающие нищих, говорящие господам своим: „подавай, и мы будем пить!"

2 Клялся Господь Бог святостью Своею, что вот, придут на вас дни, когдаповлекут вас крюками и остальных ваших удами.

3 И сквозь проломы стен выйдете, каждая, как случится, и бросите все убранство чертогов,говорит Господь.

4 Идите в Вефиль – и грешите, в Галгал – и умножайте преступления; приносите жертвы ваши каждое утро, десятины ваши хотя через каждые три дня.

5 Приносите в жертву благодарения квасное, провозглашайте о добровольных приношениях ваших и разглашайте о них, ибо это вы любите,сыны Израилевы, говорит Господь Бог.

6 За то и дал Я вам голые зубы во всех городах ваших и недостаток хлеба во всех селениях ваших; но вы не обратились ко Мне, говорит Господь.

7 И удерживал от вас дождь за три месяца до жатвы; проливал дождь на один город, а на другой город не проливал дождя; один участок напояем был дождем, а другой, не окропленный дождем, засыхал.

8 И сходились два-три города в один город, чтобы напиться воды, и не могли досыта напиться; но и тогдавы не обратились ко Мне, говорит Господь.

9 Я поражал вас ржою и блеклостью хлеба; множество садов ваших и виноградников ваших, и смоковниц ваших, и маслин ваших пожирала гусеница, – и при всем том вы не обратились коМне, говорит Господь.

10 Посылал Я на вас моровую язву, подобную Египетской, убивал мечом юношей ваших, отводя коней в плен, так что смрад от станов ваших поднимался в ноздри ваши; и при всем том вы не обратились ко Мне, говорит Господь.

11 Производил Я среди вас разрушения, как разрушил Бог Содом и Гоморру, и вы были выхвачены, как головня из огня, – и при всем том вы необратились ко Мне, говорит Господь.

12 Посему так поступлю Я с тобою, Израиль; и как Я так поступлю с тобою, то приготовься к сретению Бога твоего, Израиль,

13 ибо вот Он, Который образует горы, и творит ветер, и объявляетчеловеку намерения его, утренний свет обращает в мрак, и шествует превыше земли; Господь Бог Саваофимя Ему.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Учение о Господе 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

слово
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

пить
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

клялся
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

говорит
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Вефиль
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Галгал
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

утро
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

десятины
'Tithes' or 'ten' denotes fullness, and 'a tenth part,' sufficiency.

три
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

зубы
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

дождь
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

один
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два
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города
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

воды
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Ноздри
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

Бог
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

содом
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

Израиль
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

горы
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

ветер
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Земли
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Саваоф
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

имя
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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