1я Царств 8

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1 Когда же состарился Самуил, то поставил сыновей своих судьями надИзраилем.

2 Имя старшему сыну его Иоиль, а Имя второму сыну его Авия; они былисудьями в Вирсавии.

3 Но сыновья его не ходили путями его, а уклонились в корысть и брали подарки, и судили превратно.

4 И собрались все старейшины Израиля, и пришли к Самуилу в Раму,

5 и сказали ему: вот, ты состарился, а сыновья твои не ходят путямитвоими; итак поставь над нами царя, чтобы он судил нас, как у прочих народов.

6 И не понравилось слово сие Самуилу, когда они сказали: дай нам царя, чтобы он судил нас. И молился Самуил Господу.

7 И сказал Господь Самуилу: послушай голоса народа во всем, что ониговорят тебе; ибо не тебя они отвергли, но отвергли Меня, чтоб Я не царствовал над ними;

8 как они поступали с того дня, в который Я вывел их из Египта, и до сего дня, оставляли Меня и служили иным богам, так поступают они с тобою;

9 итак послушай голоса их; только представь им и объяви им права царя, который будет царствовать над ними.

10 И пересказал Самуил все слова Господа народу, просящему у него царя,

11 и сказал: вот какие будут права царя, который будет царствовать над вами: сыновей вашихон возьмет и приставит их к колесницам своим и сделает всадниками своими, и будут они бегать пред колесницами его;

12 и поставит их у себя тысяченачальниками и пятидесятниками, и чтобы они возделывали поля его, и жали хлеб его, и делали ему воинское оружие и колесничный прибор его;

13 и дочерей ваших возьмет, чтоб они составляли масти, варили кушанье и пекли хлебы;

14 и поля ваши и виноградные и масличные сады ваши лучшие возьмет, и отдаст слугам своим;

15 и от посевов ваших и из виноградных садов ваших возьмет десятую часть и отдаст евнухам своим и слугам своим;

16 и рабов ваших и рабынь ваших, и юношей ваших лучших, и ослов ваших возьмет и употребит на свои дела;

17 от мелкого скота вашего возьмет десятую часть, и сами вы будете ему рабами;

18 и восстенаете тогда от царя вашего, которого вы избрали себе; и не будет Господь отвечать вам тогда.

19 Но народ не согласился послушаться голоса Самуила, и сказал: нет, пусть царь будет над нами,

20 и мы будем как прочие народы: будет судить нас царь наш, и ходить пред нами, и вести войны наши.

21 И выслушал Самуил все слова народа, и пересказал их вслух Господа.

22 И сказал Господь Самуилу: послушай голоса их и поставь им царя. И сказал Самуил Израильтянам: пойдите каждый в свойгород.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Бытие 46:1

Исход 16:8, 23:6, 8

Второзаконие 16:18, 17:14

КнигаСудей 8:22

1я Царств 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2я Царств 15:1

3я Царств 12:4

4я Царств 19:14, 21:9

1я Паралипоменон 6:13, 27:1

Иов 8

Псалтирь 78:8, 81:12

Притчи 1:25, 28

Исаия 23, 59:1

Иеремия 22:17, 44:16

Иезекииль 8:18

Осия 13:10

Михей 3:4, 11

От Матфея 20:25

Деяния 13:21

Významy biblických slov

Самуил
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

имя
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

сыновья
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

корысть
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

Старейшины
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Израиля
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Самуилу
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

Раму
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

нас
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

слово
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

царствовал
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

царствовать
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

слова
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Господа
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

пред
В большинстве случаев значение слова "до" довольно прямолинейно, как в качестве способа оценки относительного времени, так и в смысле его использования "в чьем-то присутствии". Однако...

дочерей
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

поля
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

рабынь
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

царь
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

судить
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

войны
Война в Слове представляет собой борьбу с искушением, когда добро нападает на то, что является злом или ложью. Зло, которое нападает, исходит из одного из...

израильтянам
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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 Asking for a King
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Asking for a King (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Asking for a King (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Asking for a King (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Saul Anointed by Samuel, Reigns as King
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10


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