Juízes 9

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1 Abimeleque, filho de Jerubaal, foi a Siquém, aos irmãos de sua mãe, e falou-lhes, e a toda a parentela da casa de pai de sua mãe, dizendo:

2 Falai, peço-vos, aos ouvidos de todos os cidadãos de Siquém: Que é melhor para vós? que setenta homens, todos os filhos de Jerubaal, dominem sobre vós, ou que um só domine sobre vós? Lembrai-vos também de que sou vosso osso e vossa carne.

3 Então os irmãos de sua mãe falaram todas essas palavras a respeito dele aos ouvidos de todos os cidadãos de Siquém; e o coração deles se inclinou a seguir Abimeleque; pois disseram: E nosso irmão.

4 E deram-lhe setenta siclos de prata, da casa de Baal-Berite, com os quais alugou Abimeleque alguns homens ociosos e le9

5 e foi à casa de seu pai, a Ofra, e matou a seus irmãos, os filhos de Jerubaal, setenta homens, sobre uma só pedra. Mas Jotão, filho menor de Jerubaal, ficou, porquanto se tinha escondido.

6 Então se ajuntaram todos os cidadãos de Siquém e toda a Bete-Milo, e foram, e constituíram rei a Abimeleque, junto ao carvalho da coluna que havia em Siquém.

7 Jotão, tendo sido avisado disso, foi e, pondo-se no cume do monte Gerizim, levantou a voz e clamou, dizendo: Ouvi-me a mim, cidadãos de Siquém, para que Deus: vos ouça a vos.

8 Foram uma vez as árvores a ungir para si um rei; e disseram à oliveira: Reina tu sobre nós.

9 Mas a oliveira lhes respondeu: Deixaria eu a minha gordura, que Deus e os homens em mim prezam, para ir balouçar sobre as árvores?

10 Então disseram as árvores à figueira: Vem tu, e reina sobre nós.

11 Mas a figueira lhes respondeu: Deixaria eu a minha doçura, o meu bom fruto, para ir balouçar sobre as árvores?

12 Disseram então as árvores à videira: Vem tu, e reina sobre nós.

13 Mas a videira lhes respondeu: Deixaria eu o meu mosto, que alegra a Deus e aos homens, para ir balouçar sobre as árvores?

14 Então todas as árvores disseram ao espinheiro: Vem tu, e reina sobre nós.

15 O espinheiro, porém, respondeu às árvores: Se de boa fé me ungis por vosso rei, vinde refugiar-vos debaixo da minha sombra; mas, se não, saia fogo do espinheiro, e devore os cedros do Líbano.

16 Agora, pois, se de boa fé e com retidão procedestes, constituindo rei a Abimeleque, e se bem fizestes para com Jerubaal e para com a sua casa, e se com ele usastes conforme o merecimento das suas mãos

17 (porque meu pai pelejou por vós, desprezando a própria vida, e vos livrou da mão de Midiã;

18 porém vós hoje vos levantastes contra a casa de meu pai, e matastes a seus filhos, setenta homens, sobre uma só pedra; e a Abimeleque, filho da sua serva, fizestes reinar sobre os cidadãos de Siquém, porque é vosso irmão);

19 se de boa fé e com retidão procedestes hoje para com Jerubaal e para com a sua casa, alegrai-vos em Abimeleque, e também ele se alegre em vós;

20 mas se não, saia fogo de Abimeleque, e devore os cidadãos de Siquém, e a Bete-Milo; e saia fogo dos cidadãos de Siquém e de Bete-Milo, e devore Abimeleque.

21 E partindo Jotão, fugiu e foi para Beer, e ali habitou, por medo de Abimeleque, seu irmão.

22 Havendo Abimeleque reinado três anos sobre Israel,

23 Deus suscitou um espírito mau entre Abimeleque e os cidadãos de Siquém; e estes procederam aleivosamente para com Abimeleque;

24 para que a violência praticada contra os setenta filhos de Jerubaal, como também o sangue deles, recaíssem sobre Abimeleque, seu irmão, que os matara, e sobre os cidadãos de Siquém, que fortaleceram as mãos dele para matar a seus irmãos.

25 E os cidadãos de Siquém puseram de emboscada contra ele, sobre os cumes dos montes, homens que roubavam a todo aquele que passava por eles no caminho. E contou-se isto a Abimeleque.

26 Também veio Gaal, filho de Ebede, com seus irmãos, e estabeleceu-se em Siquém; e confiaram nele os cidadãos de Siquém.

27 Saindo ao campo, vindimaram as suas vinhas, pisaram as uvas e fizeram uma festa; e, entrando na casa de seu deus, comeram e beberam, e amaldiçoaram a Abimeleque.

28 E disse Gaal, filho de Ebede: Quem é Abimeleque, e quem é Siquém, para que sirvamos a Abimeleque? não é, porventura, filho de Jerubaal? e não é Zebul o seu mordomo? Servi antes aos homens de Hamor, pai de Siquém; pois, por que razão serviríamos nós a Abimeleque?

29 Ah! se este povo estivesse sob a minha mão, eu transtornaria a Abimeleque. Eu lhe diria: Multiplica o teu exército, e vem.

30 Quando Zebul, o governador da cidade, ouviu as palavras de Gaal, filho de Ebede, acendeu-se em ira.

31 E enviou secretamente mensageiros a Abimeleque, para lhe dizerem: Eis que Gaal, filho de Ebede, e seus irmãos vieram a Siquém, e estão sublevando a cidade contra ti.

32 Levanta-te, pois, de noite, tu e o povo que tiveres contigo, e põe-te de emboscada no campo.

33 E pela manhã, ao nascer do sol, levanta-te, e dá de golpe sobre a cidade; e, saindo contra ti Gaal e o povo que tiver com ele, faze-lhe como te permitirem as circunstâncias.

34 Levantou-se, pois, de noite Abimeleque, e todo o povo que com ele havia, e puseram emboscadas a Siquém, em quatro bandos.

35 E Gaal, filho de Ebede, saiu e pôs-se à entrada da porta da cidade; e das emboscadas se levantou Abimeleque, e todo o povo que estava com ele.

36 Quando Gaal viu aquele povo, disse a Zebul: Eis que desce gente dos cumes dos montes. Respondeu-lhe Zebul: Tu vês as sombras dos montes como se fossem homens.

37 Gaal, porém, tornou a falar, e disse: Eis que desce gente do meio da terra; também vem uma tropa do caminho do carvalho de Meonenim.

38 Então lhe disse Zebul: Onde está agora a tua boca, com a qual dizias: Quem é Abimeleque, para que o sirvamos? Não é esse, porventura, o povo que desprezaste. Sai agora e peleja contra ele!

39 Assim saiu Gaal, à frente dos cidadãos de Siquém, e pelejou contra Abimeleque.

40 Mas Abimeleque o perseguiu, pois Gaal fugiu diante dele, e muitos caíram feridos até a entrada da porta.

41 Abimeleque ficou em Arumá. E Zebul expulsou Gaal e seus irmãos, para que não habitassem em Siquém.

42 No dia seguinte sucedeu que o povo saiu ao campo; disto foi avisado Abimeleque,

43 o qual, tomando o seu povo, dividiu-o em três bandos, que pôs de emboscada no campo. Quando viu que o povo saía da cidade, levantou-se contra ele e o feriu.

44 Abimeleque e os que estavam com ele correram e se puseram à porta da cidade; e os outros dois bandos deram de improviso sobre todos quantos estavam no campo, e os feriram.

45 Abimeleque pelejou contra a cidade todo aquele dia, tomou-a e matou o povo que nela se achava; e, assolando-a, a semeou de sal.

46 Tendo ouvido isso todos os cidadãos de Migdol-Siquém, entraram na fortaleza, na casa de El-Berite.

47 E contou-se a Abimeleque que todos os cidadãos de Migbol-Siquém se haviam congregado.

48 Então Abimeleque subiu ao monte Zalmom, ele e todo o povo que com ele havia; e, tomando na mão um machado, cortou um ramo de árvore e, levantando-o, pô-lo ao seu ombro, e disse ao povo que estava com ele: O que me vistes fazer, apressai-vos a fazê-lo também.

49 Tendo, pois, cada um cortado o seu ramo, seguiram a Abimeleque; e, pondo os ramos junto da fortaleza, queimaram-na a fogo com os que nela estavam; de modo que morreram também todos os de Migdol-Siquém, cerca de mil homens e mulheres.

50 Então Abimeleque foi a Tebez, e a sitiou e tomou.

51 Havia, porém, no meio da cidade uma torre forte, na qual se refugiaram todos os habitantes da cidade, homens e mulheres; e fechando após si as portas, subiram ao eirado da torre.

52 E Abimeleque, tendo chegado até a torre, atacou-a, e chegou-se à porta da torre, para lhe meter fogo.

53 Nisso uma mulher lançou a pedra superior de um moinho sobre a cabeça de Abimeleque, e quebrou-lhe o crânio.

54 Então ele chamou depressa o moço, seu escudeiro, e disse-lhe: Desembainha a tua espada e mata-me, para que não se diga de mim: uma mulher o matou. E o moço o traspassou e ele morreu.

55 Vendo, pois, os homens de Israel que Abimeleque já era morto, foram-se cada um para o seu lugar.

56 Assim Deus fez tornar sobre Abimeleque o mal que tinha feito a seu pai, matando seus setenta irmãos;

57 como também fez tornar sobre a cabeça dos homens de Siquém todo o mal que fizeram; e veio sobre eles a maldição de Jotão, filho de Jerubaal.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 9      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 9: Abimelech’s conspiracy, the parable of the trees, Abimelech’s downfall.

This chapter follows the story of Gideon’s many sons; he had seventy sons by his many wives, and also one other son, Abimelech, by a concubine. After Gideon’s death, Abimelech went to the men of Shechem, where his mother’s family lived, and asked them if they would rather be ruled by seventy sons, or by him. The men of Shechem agreed it would be better to have one king, so they gave him seventy pieces of silver from the temple of Baal. Using the silver, Abimelech hired men to come with him, and they killed the seventy sons of Gideon except the youngest, Jotham, who hid. Then they anointed Abimelech king.

When Jotham heard the news, he stood on the top of Mount Gerizim and taunted the men of Shechem with a parable. In his parable, the trees were searching for a king to lead them; they ask the olive, then the fig, then the vine to rule over them. Each refuses, because they do not want to give up their special purpose. Finally, the bramble agrees to lead them, but gives them the choice of either sheltering in its non-existent shade or being consumed by its own fire.

Jotham explained the parable, warning that Abimelech and the men of Shechem would more than likely tear each other down in the end. Then he fled to Beer to escape his brother’s vengeance.

After Abimelech had ruled Israel for three years, the Lord sent an evil spirit to spark ill-will between Abimelech and the men of Shechem. This evil spirit was meant to avenge the killing of Gideon’s seventy sons.

The rest of this chapter describes the city’s descent into chaos, illustrating the various manifestations of evil and falsity through many examples. Robbers were sent to ambush travellers in the mountains, the people of Shechem drunkenly cursed Abimelech in the temple of their god, and the tower of Shechem was burned, killing a thousand hiding in it. Finally, Abimelech lay siege to Thebez, and the people took shelter on the top of a tower there. When he tried to burn that tower, a woman hurled down a millstone to break Abimelech’s skull. In his final moments, Abimelech commanded his armourbearer to kill him with his sword, so that people would not say he was killed by a woman. All of these incidents depict the absolute corruption under Abimelech’s rule.

*****

The key to understanding this story is that Gideon’s son, Abimelech, is the son of a concubine, not a lawful wife. Spiritually speaking, a concubine stands for a love that has become distorted. A genuine love for someone is a love for sake of that other person, while a distorted love means loving someone for what we can get from them (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 271[2], on the love of dominating for the sake of self-love).

The references to Gideon’s seventy sons stand for the enormity of Abimelech’s wrongdoing. The number ‘seven’ stands for something fully worked through, and seventy even more so.

Jotham’s parable presents three levels of pure love: the love of the Lord (the olive with its fragrant oil), the love of truth (the vine with its rich wine), and the love of use (the fig with its abundant seeds). The bramble, with its painful grip, stands for a love of evil and falsity (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 273).

The evil spirit sent by the Lord seems to show that God was punishing his own people, but that is only how things appear (Arcana Caelestia 1838). When we look deeper, we will realize that we are punished by our own evil actions, for evil breeds more evil and there is no rest for the wicked (see Isaiah 48:22). In regeneration, the process of breaking down the power of evil and false states in ourselves is called “vastation”. Once we have done the grueling work to minimize these influences over us, we can fully appreciate the joys of spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 2694[2]).

Spiritually, an ambush depicts the way hell attacks our minds: without warning. Drunkenness and cursing a former ally stands for the abandonment of all values and integrity. The tower represents the pride which rises up in self-love and love of dominance, and beyond that, Abimelech’s aversion to being killed by a woman stands for the rejection of all that is good and true. Her millstone grinds corn to make it edible, in the same way that we must process truths to put them to use (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1182).

This powerful chapter shows the descent of evil into greater evils, until they become so consuming they have no vestige of good left, and no recognition of truth remaining. The final two verses state: “Thus God repaid the wickedness of Abimelech, which he had done to his father by killing his seventy brothers. And all the evil of the men of Shechem God returned on their own heads, and on them came the curse of Jotham the son of Gideon.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 157, 1666, 2455, 4430, 9207, 9277, 9905, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638

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Významy biblických slov

abimeleque
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

siquém
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

irmãos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

osso
Os ossos são fortes e de apoio, fornecendo uma estrutura para o nosso corpo e tornando possível o movimento e a acção. Eles são também...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

irmão
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

coração
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

matou
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

menor
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

árvores
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

ungir
O óleo na Bíblia representa o amor do Senhor, então unir alguém (ou algo) com óleo era uma maneira de fazer essa pessoa (ou objeto)...

reina
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

gordura
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

figueira
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

mosto
'Must' or 'new wine' denotes evil produced by false.

sombra
Since the sun’s light represents the Lord’s Divine Truth, “shade” represents a spiritual state in which that light is blocked. The Writings often use the...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

boa
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

midiã
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

serva
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

fugiu
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

habitou
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

violência
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vinhas
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

exército
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

mensageiros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

manhã
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

levantou-se
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Entrada
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

sombras
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

falar
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

vem
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

muitos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

feriu
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sal
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

árvore
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

fortaleza
Fortifications denote truths so far as they defend good. Fortifications signify defense against falsities and evils.

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mulheres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

torre
'A tower,' as in Genesis 11:4, signifies the worship of self, which consists of a person exalting himself above others, even to the point of...

Forte
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

eirado
The roof of a house is its highest point, and the part most exposed to the sun. So it makes sense that in the Bible,...

mulher
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

chamou
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

morreu
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Morto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

maldição
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

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Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Abimelech’s Death
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jotham Tells the Parable of the Trees
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Sequence the Story of Abimelech
Cut out sentence strips to sequence the story of Abimelech.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Parable of the Trees
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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