Juízes 5

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1 Então cantaram Débora e Baraque, filho de Abinoão, naquele dia, dizendo:

2 Porquanto os chefes se puseram à frente em Israel, porquanto o povo se ofereceu voluntariamente, louvai ao Senhor.

3 Ouvi, ó reis; dai ouvidos, ó príncipes! eu cantarei ao Senhor, salmodiarei ao Senhor Deus de Israel.

4 ç Senhor, quando saíste de Seir, quando caminhaste desde o campo de Edom, a terra estremeceu, os céus gotejaram, sim, as nuvens gotejaram águas.

5 Os montes se abalaram diante do Senhor, e até Sinai, diante do Senhor Deus de Israel.

6 Nos dias de Sangar, filho de Anate, nos dias de Jael, cessaram as caravanas; e os que viajavam iam por atalhos desviados.

7 Cessaram as aldeias em Israel, cessaram; até que eu Débora, me levantei, até que eu me levantei por mãe em Israel.

8 Escolheram deuses novos; logo a guerra estava às portas; via-se porventura escudo ou lança entre quarenta mil em Israel?

9 Meu coração inclina-se para os guias de Israel, que voluntariamente se ofereceram entre o povo. Bendizei ao Senhor.

10 Louvai-o vós, os que cavalgais sobre jumentas brancas, que vos assentais sobre ricos tapetes; e vós, que andais pelo caminho.

11 Onde se ouve o estrondo dos flecheiros, entre os lugares onde se tiram águas, ali falarão das justiças do Senhor, das justiças que fez às suas aldeias em Israel; então o povo do Senhor descia às portas.

12 Desperta, desperta, Débora; desperta, desperta, entoa um cântico; levanta-te, Baraque, e leva em cativeiro os teus prisioneiros, tu, filho de Abinoão.

13 Então desceu o restante dos nobres e do povo; desceu o Senhor por mim contra os poderosos.

14 De Efraim desceram os que tinham a sua raiz em Amaleque, após ti, Benjamim, entre os teus povos; de Maquir desceram os guias, e de Zebulom os que levam o báculo do inspetor de tropas.

15 Também os príncipes de Issacar estavam com Débora; e como Issacar, assim também Baraque; ao vale precipitaram-se em suas pegadas. Junto aos ribeiros de Rúben grandes foram as resoluções do coração.

16 Por que ficastes entre os currais a escutar os balidos dos rebanhos? Junto aos ribeiros de Rúben grandes foram as resoluções do coração.

17 Gileade ficou da banda dalém do Jordão; e , por que se deteve com seus navios? Aser se assentou na costa do mar e ficou junto aos seus portos.

18 Zebulom é um povo que se expôs à morte, como também Naftali, nas alturas do campo.

19 Vieram reis e pelejaram; pelejaram os reis de Canaã, em Taanaque junto às águas de Megido; não tomaram despojo de prata.

20 Desde os céus pelejaram as estrelas; desde as suas órbitas pelejaram contra Sísera.

21 O ribeiro de Quisom os arrastou, aquele antigo ribeiro, o ribeiro de Quisom. Ó minha alma, calcaste aos pés a força.

22 Então os cascos dos cavalos feriram a terra na fuga precipitada dos seus valentes.

23 Amaldiçoai a Meroz, diz o anjo do Senhor, amaldiçoai acremente aos seus habitantes; porquanto não vieram em socorro do Senhor, em socorro do Senhor, entre os valentes.

24 Bendita entre todas as mulheres será Jael, mulher de Heber, o queneu; bendita será entre as mulheres nômades.

25 Água pediu ele, leite lhe deu ela; em taça de príncipes lhe ofereceu coalhada.

26 Â estaca estendeu a mão esquerda, e ao martelo dos trabalhadores a direita, e matou a Sísera, rachando-lhe a cabeça; furou e traspassou-lhe as fontes.

27 Aos pés dela ele se encurvou, caiu, ficou estirado; aos pés dela se encurvou, caiu; onde se encurvou, ali caiu morto.

28 A mãe de Sísera olhando pela janela, através da grade exclamava: Por que tarda em vir o seu carro? por que se demora o rumor das suas carruagens?

29 As mais sábias das suas damas responderam, e ela respondia a si mesma:

30 Não estão, porventura, achando e repartindo os despojos? uma ou duas donzelas a cada homem? para Sísera despojos de estofos tintos, despojos de estofos tintos bordados, bordados de várias cores, para o meu pescoço?

31 Assim ó Senhor, pereçam todos os teus inimigos! Sejam, porém, os que te amam, como o sol quando se levanta na sua força. [ (Judges 5:32) E a terra teve sossego por quarenta anos. ]

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Významy biblických slov

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

reis
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

céus
Céus são coisas celestiais e espirituais. Consequentemente, eles são coisas íntimas, tanto do reino do Senhor no céu quanto na terra. Isto também se refere...

águas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

montes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

guerra
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

portas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

escudo
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

coração
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

cântico
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

raiz
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Amaleque
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

benjamim
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Maquir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

jordão
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...


The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

navios
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

megido
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

estrelas
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Ribeiro
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

força
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

cavalos
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

anjo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

mulheres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

leite
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

pés
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

caiu
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

janela
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

despojos
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

Pescoço
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

inimigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

se levanta
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

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