Juízes 17



1 Havia um homem da região montanhosa de Efraim, cujo nome era Mica.

2 Disse este a sua mãe: As mil e cem moedas de prata que te foram tiradas, por cuja causa lançaste maldições, e acerca das quais também me falaste, eis que esse dinheiro está comigo, eu o tomei. Então Disse sua mãe: Bendito do Senhor seja meu filho!

3 E ele restituiu as mil e cem moedas de prata a sua mãe; porém ela disse: Da minha mão dedico solenemente este dinheiro ao Senhor a favor de meu filho, para fazer uma imagem esculpida e uma de fundição; de sorte que agora to tornarei a dar.

4 Quando ele restituiu o dinheiro a sua mãe, ela tomou duzentas moedas de prata, e as deu ao ourives, o qual fez delas uma imagem esculpida e uma de fundição, as quais ficaram em casa de Mica.

5 Ora, tinha este homem, Mica, uma casa de deuses; e fez um éfode e terafins, e consagrou um de seus filhos, que lhe serviu de sacerdote.

6 Naquelas dias não havia rei em Israel; cada qual fazia o que parecia bem aos seus olhos.

7 E havia um mancebo de Belém de Judá, da família de Judá, que era levita, e peregrinava ali.

8 Este homem partiu da cidade de Belém de Judá para peregrinar onde quer que achasse conveniente. Seguindo ele o seu caminho, chegou à região montanhosa de Efraim, à casa de Mica,

9 o qual lhe perguntou: Donde vens? E ele lhe respondeu: Sou levita de Belém de Judá, e vou peregrinar onde achar conveniente.

10 Então lhe disse Mica: Fica comigo, e sê-me por pai e sacerdote; e cada ano te darei dez moedas de prata, o vestuário e o sustento. E o levita entrou.

11 Consentiu, pois, o levita em ficar com aquele homem, e lhe foi como um de seus filhos.

12 E Mica consagrou o levita, e o mancebo lhe serviu de sacerdote, e ficou em sua casa.

13 Então disse Mica: Agora sei que o Senhor me fará bem, porquanto tenho um levita por sacerdote.

Exploring the Meaning of Juízes 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

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