Juízes 16

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1 Sansão foi a Gaza, e viu ali uma prostituta, e entrou a ela.

2 E foi dito aos gazitas: Sansão entrou aqui. Cercaram-no, pois, e de emboscada à porta da cidade o esperaram toda a noite; assim ficaram quietos a noite toda, dizendo: Quando raiar o dia, matá-lo-emos.

3 Mas Sansão deitou-se até a meia-noite; então, levantando-se, pegou nas portas da entrada da cidade, com ambos os umbrais, arrancou-as juntamente com a tranca e, pondo-as sobre os ombros, levou-as até o cume do monte que está defronte de Hebrom.

4 Depois disto se afeiçoou a uma mulher do vale de Soreque, cujo nome era Dalila.

5 Então os chefes dos filisteus subiram a ter com ela, e lhe disseram: Persuade-o, e em que consiste a sua grande força, e como poderemos prevalecer contra ele e amarrá-lo, para assim o afligirmos; e te daremos, cada um de nós, mil e cem moedas de prata.

6 Disse, pois, Dalila a Sansão: Declara-me, peço-te, em que consiste a tua grande força, e com que poderias ser amarrado para te poderem afligir.

7 Respondeu-lhe Sansão: Se me amarrassem com sete cordas de nervos, ainda não secados, então me tornaria fraco, e seria como qualquer outro homem.

8 Então os chefes dos filisteus trouxeram a Dalila sete cordas de nervos, ainda não secados, com as quais ela o amarrou.

9 Ora, tinha ela em casa uns espias sentados na câmara interior. Então ela disse: Os filisteus vêm sobre ti, Sansão! E ele quebrou as cordas de nervos, como se quebra o fio da estopa ao lhe chegar o fogo. Assim não se soube em que consistia a sua força.

10 Disse, pois, Dalila a Sansão: Eis que zombaste de mim, e me disseste mentiras; declara-me agora com que poderia ser a amarrado.

11 Respondeu-lhe ele: Se me amarrassem fortemente com cordas novas, que nunca tivessem sido usadas, então me tornaria fraco, e seria como qualquer outro homem.

12 Então Dalila tomou cordas novas, e o amarrou com elas, e disse-lhe: Os filisteus vêm sobre ti, Sansão! E os espias estavam sentados na câmara interior. Porém ele as quebrou de seus braços como a um fio.

13 Disse Dalila a Sansão: Até agora zombaste de mim, e me disseste mentiras; declara-me pois, agora, com que poderia ser amarrado. E ele lhe Disse: Se teceres as sete tranças da minha cabeça com os liços da teia.

14 Assim ela as fixou com o torno de tear, e disse-lhe: Os filisteus vêm sobre ti, Sansão! Então ele despertou do seu sono, e arrancou o torno do tear, juntamente com os liços da teia.

15 Disse-lhe ela: como podes dizer: Eu te amo! não estando comigo o teu coração? Já três vezes zombaste de mim, e ainda não me declaraste em que consiste a tua força.

16 E sucedeu que, importunando-o ela todos os dias com as suas palavras, e molestando-o, a alma dele se angustiou até a morte.

17 E descobriu-lhe todo o seu coração, e disse-lhe: Nunca passou navalha pela ninha cabeça, porque sou nazireu de Deus desde o ventre de minha mãe; se viesse a ser rapado, ir-se-ia de mim a minha força, e me tornaria fraco, e seria como qualquer outro homem.

18 Vendo Dalila que ele lhe descobrira todo o seu coração, mandou chamar os chefes dos filisteus, dizendo: Subi ainda esta vez, porque agora me descobriu ele todo o seu coração. E os chefes dos filisteus subiram a ter com ela, trazendo o dinheiro nas maos.

19 Então ela o fez dormir sobre os seus joelhos, e mandou chamar um homem para lhe rapar as sete tranças de sua cabeça. Depois começou a afligi-lo, e a sua força se lhe foi.

20 E disse ela: Os filisteus vêm sobre ti, Sansão! Despertando ele do seu sono, disse: Sairei, como das outras vezes, e me livrarei. Pois ele não sabia que o Senhor se tinha retirado dele.

21 Então os filisteus pegaram nele, arrancaram-lhe os olhos e, tendo-o levado a Gaza, amarraram-no com duas cadeias de bronze; e girava moinho no cárcere.

22 Todavia o cabelo da sua cabeça, logo que foi rapado, começou a crescer de novo:

23 Então os chefes dos filisteus se ajuntaram para oferecer um grande sacrifício ao seu deus Dagom, e para se regozijar; pois diziam: Nosso deus nos entregou nas mãos a Sansão, nosso inimigo.

24 semelhantemente o povo, vendo-o, louvava ao seu deus, dizendo: Nosso deus nos entregou nas mãos o nosso inimigo, aquele que destruía a nossa terra, e multiplicava os nossos mortos.

25 E sucedeu que, alegrando-se o seu coração, disseram: Mandai vir Sansão, para que brinque diante de nós. Mandaram, pois, vir do cárcere Sansão, que brincava diante deles; e fizeram-no estar em pé entre as colunas.

26 Disse Sansão ao moço que lhe segurava a mão: Deixa-me apalpar as colunas em que se sustém a casa, para que me encoste a elas.

27 Ora, a casa estava cheia de homens e mulheres; e também ali estavam todos os chefes dos filisteus, e sobre o telhado havia cerca de três mil homens e mulheres, que estavam vendo Sansão brincar.

28 Então Sansão clamou ao Senhor, e disse: Ó Senhor Deus! lembra-te de mim, e fortalece-me agora só esta vez, ó Deus, para que duma só vez me vingue dos filisteus pelos meus dois olhos.

29 Abraçou-se, pois, Sansão com as duas colunas do meio, em que se sustinha a casa, arrimando-se numa com a mão direita, e na outra com a esquerda.

30 E bradando: Morra eu com os filisteus! inclinou-se com toda a sua força, e a casa caiu sobre os chefes e sobre todo o povo que nela havia. Assim foram mais os que matou ao morrer, do que os que matara em vida.

31 Então desceram os seus irmãos e toda a casa de seu pai e, tomando-o, o levaram e o sepultaram, entre Zorá e Estaol, no sepulcro de Manoá, seu pai. Ele havia julgado a Israel vinte anos.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Sansão
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Prostituta
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

Porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Meia-noite
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

portas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Entrada
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

ambos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ombros
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cem
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

prata
'Money' relates to truth.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

declara
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

casa
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

mentiras
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

braços
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sono
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

dizer
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

coração
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

três vezes
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

dinheiro
'Money' relates to truth.

joelhos
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

sabia
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

bronze
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

cabelo
The hair is the very outermost part of the body, and "hair" in the Bible represents the outermost expression of whatever the body represents. In...

Crescer
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Dagom
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

inimigo
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mulheres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

lembra
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

duas
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Meio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

caiu
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

morrer
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

irmãos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

julgado
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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