Juízes 15

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1 Alguns dias depois disso, durante a ceifa do trigo, Sansão, levando um cabrito, foi visitar a sua mulher, e disse: Entrarei na câmara de minha mulher. Mas o pai dela não o deixou entrar,

2 dizendo-lhe: Na verdade, pensava eu que de todo a aborrecias; por isso a dei ao teu companheiro. Não é, porém, mais formosa do que ela a sua irmã mais nova? Toma-a, pois, em seu lugar.

3 Então Sansão lhes disse: De agora em diante estarei sem culpa para com os filisteus, quando lhes fizer algum mal.

4 E Sansão foi, apanhou trezentas raposas, tomou fachos e, juntando as raposas cauda a cauda, pôs-lhes um facho entre cada par de caudas.

5 E tendo chegado fogo aos fachos, largou as raposas nas searas dos filisteus:, e assim abrasou tanto as medas como o trigo ainda em pé as vinhas e os olivais.

6 Perguntaram os filisteus: Quem fez isto? Respondeu-se-lhes: Sansão, o genro do timnita, porque este lhe tomou a sua mulher, e a deu ao seu companheiro. Subiram, pois, os filisteus, e queimaram a fogo a ela e a seu pai.

7 Disse-lhes Sansão: É assim que fazeis? pois só cessarei quando me houver vingado de vós.

8 E de todo os desbaratou, infligindo-lhes grande mortandade. Então desceu, e habitou na fenda do penhasco de Etã.

9 Então os filisteus subiram, acamparam-se em Judá, e estenderam-se por Leí.

10 Perguntaram-lhes os homens de Judá: Por que subistes contra nós. E eles responderam: Subimos para amarrar a Sansão, para lhe fazer como ele nos fez.

11 Então três mil homens de Judá desceram até a fenda do penhasco de Etã, e disseram a Sansão: Não sabias tu que os filisteus dominam sobre nós? por que, pois, nos fizeste isto? E ele lhes disse: Assim como eles me fizeram a mim, eu lhes fiz a eles.

12 Tornaram-lhe eles: Descemos para amarrar-te, a fim de te entregar nas mãos dos filisteus. Disse-lhes Sansão: Jurai-me que vós mesmos não me acometereis.

13 Eles lhe responderam: Não, não te mataremos, mas apenas te amarraremos, e te entregaremos nas mãos deles. E amarrando-o com duas cordas novas, tiraram-no do penhasco.

14 Quando ele chegou a Leí, os filisteus lhe saíram ao encontro, jubilando. Então o Espírito do Senhor se apossou dele, e as cordas que lhe ligavam os braços se tornaram como fios de linho que estão queimados do fogo, e as suas amarraduras se desfizeram das suas mãos.

15 E achou uma queixada fresca de jumento e, estendendo a mão, tomou-a e com ela matou mil homens.

16 Disse Sansão: Com a queixada de um jumento montões e mais montões! Sim, com a queixada de um jumento matei mil homens.

17 E acabando ele de falar, lançou da sua mão a queixada; e chamou-se aquele lugar Ramá-Leí.

18 Depois, como tivesse grande sede, clamou ao Senhor, e disse: Pela mão do teu servo tu deste este grande livramento; e agora morrerei eu de sede, e cairei nas mãos destes incircuncisos?

19 Então o Senhor abriu a fonte que está em Leí, e dela saiu água; e Sansão, tendo bebido, recobrou alento, e reviveu; pelo que a fonte ficou sendo chamada En-Hacore, a qual está em Leí até o dia de hoje.

20 E julgou a Israel, nos dias dos filisteus, vinte anos.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 15: Samson defeats the Philistines.

At the beginning of this chapter, we learn that the one who gave Samson’s wife to another man was his father-in-law, who thought that Samson truly hated her. He then offered Samson her younger sister instead, saying, “Is she not better? Take her.”

Samson, enraged, took three-hundred foxes and tied them tail-to-tail in pairs, with a lit torch between them. He then released them in the Philistines’ standing grain, vineyards and olive groves to burn up their crops, as revenge for the loss of his wife. In retaliation, the Philistines went and burned her and her father. In a final act of vengeance, Samson killed very many of the Philistines, then went to dwell in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Philistines went to Judah, stating their intent to arrest Samson, and the men of Judah passed on the message to him. Samson made the Judeans promise not to kill him themselves, but only to bind him with two new ropes before giving him to the Philistines as a prisoner.

When the Philistines came, Samson broke apart the ropes, and killed a thousand of them with the jawbone of a donkey. Then he threw the jawbone away, and complained to the Lord that he was thirsty. The Lord answered his cry for help by splitting the ground where the jawbone fell, so that Samson could drink the water that flowed from it.

The final verse of this chapter tells us that Samson judged Israel twenty years.

*****

Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman speaks to the appealing, or even enticing, nature of ‘faith alone’ spirituality, represented by the Philistines. We must stay on our guard, to ensure that we are not caught up in thinking that faith alone will save us. The father offers Samson his wife’s younger sister, saying she is even better, but Samson had already learned to be wary by that point.

The foxes, tied together with their tails lit on fire, vividly describes the twisted and destructive nature of faith alone, and the way it consumes our potential to lead a fruitful life. The Word often depicts the state of a nation or religion through a story illustrating its true nature (True Christian Religion 130)

The cycle of revenge between Samson and the Philistines represents our personal struggles during temptation and our wish to regenerate. Our whole effort during regeneration is to resist sins that might lure us in, and to maintain our intention to live the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 83[6]). The men of Judah who bind Samson represent our love for the Lord and for everything of the Lord, although this seems contradictory on a surface level. In this case, being ‘bound up’ means to be bound in our commitment to the Lord, so that we are restrained from doing evil (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 577[4]).

Samson stands for the power of the Word acting in our lives to assert what is true, to protect what must be upheld, and to defend against evils. He uses the jawbone of a donkey because a jawbone allows us to eat food (spiritually, nourishment from the Word), and also to proclaim the Lord’s truths. This gives us the power to expose and reject the belief that spirituality consists of faith alone (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9049[6]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3519, 4871, 9836

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Významy biblických slov

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

trigo
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

Sansão
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

entrar
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

irmã
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

raposas
If man closes up the middle natural degree, which corresponds to the middle spiritual, he becomes, with respect to love, like a fox, and with...

cauda
'Tail' signifies the opposite extreme of the head, because the brain is continued to the tail through the spine, This is why the head and...

entre
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

caudas
'Tail' signifies the opposite extreme of the head, because the brain is continued to the tail through the spine, This is why the head and...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

vinhas
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

vingado
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

desceu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

habitou
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mãos
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duas
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encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

braços
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

Linho
Flax, as in Exodus 9:31, signifies truth of the natural exterior principle. A smoking flax, as in Isaiah 42:3, signifies a little of truth from...

jumento
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

chamou
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

sede
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hoje
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israel
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vinte
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