Juízes 14

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1 Desceu Sansão a Timnate; e vendo em Timnate uma mulher das filhas dos filisteus,

2 subiu, e declarou-o a seu pai e a sua mãe, dizendo: Vi uma mulher em Timnate, das filhas dos filisteus; agora pois, tomai-ma por mulher.

3 Responderam-lhe, porém, seu pai e sua mãe: Não há, porventura, mulher entre as filhas de teus irmãos, nem entre todo o nosso povo, para que tu vás tomar mulher dos filisteus, daqueles incircuncisos? Disse, porém, Sansão a seu pai: Toma esta para mim, porque ela muito me agrada.

4 Mas seu pai e sua mãe não sabiam que isto vinha do Senhor, que buscava ocasião contra os filisteus; porquanto naquele tempo os filisteus dominavam sobre Israel.

5 Desceu, pois, Sansão com seu pai e com sua mãe a Timnate. E, chegando ele às vinhas de Timnate, um leão novo, rugindo, saiu-lhe ao encontro.

6 Então o Espírito do Senhor se apossou dele, de modo que ele, sem ter coisa alguma na mão, despedaçou o leão como se fosse um cabrito. E não disse nem a seu pai nem a sua mãe o que tinha feito.

7 Depois desceu e falou àquela mulher; e ela muito lhe agradou.

8 Passado algum tempo, Sansão voltou para recebê-la; e apartando-se de caminho para ver o cadáver do leão, eis que nele havia um enxame de abelhas, e mel.

9 E tirando-o nas mãos, foi andando e comendo dele; chegando aonde estavam seu pai e sua mãe, deu-lhes do mel, e eles comeram; porém não lhes disse que havia tirado o mel do corpo do leão.

10 Desceu, pois, seu pai à casa da mulher; e Sansão fez ali um banquete, porque assim os mancebos costumavam fazer.

11 E sucedeu que, quando os habitantes do lugar o viram, trouxeram trinta companheiros para estarem com ele.

12 Disse-lhes, pois, Sansão: Permiti-me propor-vos um enigma; se nos sete dias das bodas o decifrardes e mo descobrirdes, eu vos darei trinta túnicas de linho e trinta mantos;

13 mas se não puderdes decifrar, vós me dareis a mim as trinta túnicas de linho e os trinta mantos. Ao que lhe responderam eles: Propõe o teu enigma, para que o ouçamos.

14 Então lhes disse: Do que come saiu comida, e do forte saiu doçura. E em três dias não puderam decifrar o enigma.

15 Ao quarto dia, pois, disseram à mulher de Sansão: Persuade teu marido a que declare o enigma, para que não queimemos a fogo a ti e à casa de teu pai. Acaso nos convidastes para nos despojardes?

16 E a mulher de Sansão chorou diante dele, e disse: Tão-somente me aborreces, e não me amas; pois propuseste aos filhos do meu povo um enigma, e não mo declaraste a mim. Respondeu-lhe ele: Eis que nem a meu pai nem a minha mãe o declarei, e to declararei a ti.

17 Assim ela chorava diante dele os sete dias em que celebravam as bodas. Sucedeu, pois, que ao sétimo dia lho declarou, porquanto o importunava; então ela declarou o enigma aos filhos do seu povo.

18 Os homens da cidade, pois, ainda no sétimo dia, antes de se pôr o sol, disseram a Sansão: Que coisa há mais doce do que o mel? e que coisa há mais forte do que o leão? Respondeu-lhes ele: Se vós não tivésseis lavrado com a minha novilha, não teríeis descoberto o meu enigma.

19 Então o Espírito do Senhor se apossou dele, de modo que desceu a Asquelom, matou trinta dos seus homens e, tomando as suas vestes, deu-as aos que declararam o enigma; e, ardendo em ira, subiu à casa de seu pai.

20 E a mulher de Sansão foi dada ao seu companheiro, que lhe servira de paraninfo.:

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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Významy biblických slov

desceu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Sansão
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Timnate
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filhas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

irmãos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

chegando
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vinhas
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

leão
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

abelhas
A bee (Isa. 7:19) signifies ratiocinations of falsity.

mel
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

comendo
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

banquete
There are two kinds of feasts mentioned in the Bible. Some were held to commemorate specific, one-time events, such as the feast Abraham held to...

trinta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

come
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

marido
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Somente
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

amas
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sétimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

cidade
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

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Illustrations of three places where animals are mentioned in the Word. (Quotations are the King James translation.)
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: Samson's Riddle
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson and the Lion
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson and the Young Lion
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

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This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17

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Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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