Juízes 13

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1 Os filhos de Israel tornaram a fazer o que era mau aos olhos do Senhor, e ele os entregou na mão dos filisteus por quarenta anos.

2 Havia um homem de Zorá, da tribo de Dã, cujo nome era Manoá; e sua mulher, sendo estéril, não lhe dera filhos.

3 Mas o anjo do Senhor apareceu à mulher e lhe disse: Eis que és estéril, e nunca deste à luz; porém conceberás, e terás um filho.

4 Agora pois, toma cuidado, e não bebas vinho nem bebida forte, e não comas coisa alguma impura;

5 porque tu conceberás e terás um filho, sobre cuja cabeça não passará navalha, porquanto o menino será nazireu de Deus desde o ventre de sua mãe; e ele começara a livrar a Israel da mão dos filisteus.

6 Então a mulher entrou, e falou a seu marido, dizendo: Veio a mim um homem de Deus, cujo semblante era como o de um anjo de Deus, em extremo terrível; e não lhe perguntei de onde era, nem ele me disse o seu nome;

7 porém disse-me: Eis que tu conceberás e terás um filho. Agora pois, não bebas vinho nem bebida forte, e não comas coisa impura; porque o menino sera nazireu de Deus, desde o ventre de sua mãe até o dia da sua morte.

8 Então Manoá suplicou ao Senhor, dizendo: Ah! Senhor meu, rogo-te que o homem de Deus, que enviaste, venha ter conosco outra vez e nos ensine o que devemos fazer ao menino que há de nascer.

9 Deus ouviu a voz de Manoá; e o anjo de Deus veio outra vez ter com a mulher, estando ela sentada no campo, porém não estava com ela seu marido, Manoá.

10 Apressou-se, pois, a mulher e correu para dar a notícia a seu marido, e disse-lhe: Eis que me apareceu aquele homem que veio ter comigo o outro dia.

11 Então Manoá se levantou, seguiu a sua mulher e, chegando à presença do homem, perguntou-lhe: És tu o homem que falou a esta mulher? Ele respondeu: Sou eu.

12 Então disse Manoá: Quando se cumprirem as tuas palavras, como se há de criar o menino e que fará ele?

13 Respondeu o anjo do Senhor a Manoá: De tudo quanto eu disse à mulher se guardará ela;

14 de nenhum produto da vinha comerá; não beberá vinho nem bebida forte, nem comerá coisa impura; tudo quanto lhe ordenei cumprirá.

15 Então Manoá disse ao anjo do Senhor: Deixa que te detenhamos, para que te preparemos um cabrito.

16 Disse, porém, o anjo do Senhor a Manoá: Ainda que me detenhas, não comerei de teu pão; e se fizeres holocausto, é ao Senhor que o oferecerás. (Pois Manoá não sabia que era o anjo do Senhor).

17 Ainda perguntou Manoá ao anjo do Senhor: Qual é o teu nome? - para que, quando se cumprir a tua palavra, te honremos.

18 Ao que o anjo do Senhor lhe respondeu: Por que perguntas pelo meu nome, visto que é maravilhoso?

19 Então Manoá tomou um cabrito com a oferta de cereais, e o ofereceu sobre a pedra ao Senhor; e fez o anjo maravilhas, enquanto Manoá e sua mulher o observavam.

20 Ao subir a chama do altar para o céu, subiu com ela o anjo do Senhor; o que vendo Manoá e sua mulher, caíram com o rosto em terra.

21 E não mais apareceu o anjo do Senhor a Manoá, nem à sua mulher; então compreendeu Manoá que era o anjo do Senhor.

22 Disse Manoá a sua mulher: Certamente morreremos, porquanto temos visto a Deus.

23 Sua mulher, porém, lhe respondeu: Se o Senhor nos quisera matar, não teria recebido da nossa mão o holocausto e a oferta de cereais, nem nos teria mostrado todas estas coisas, nem agora nos teria dito semelhantes coisas.

24 Depois teve esta mulher um filho, a quem pôs o nome de Sansão; e o menino cresceu, e o Senhor o abençoou.

25 E o Espírito do Senhor começou a incitá-lo em Maané-, entre Zorá e Estaol.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Významy biblických slov

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

mulher
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

estéril
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

anjo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

vinho
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

marido
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

suplicou
To 'intreat' denotes humiliation.

venha
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

chegando
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

pão
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

sabia
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

visto
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

oferta
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

altar
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

céu
O "ar" na Bíblia representa o pensamento, mas de uma forma muito geral - mais como a nossa capacidade de perceber as ideias e a...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

Sansão
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...


The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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