Juízes 11

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1 Era então Jefté, o gileadita, homem valoroso, porém filho duma prostituta; Gileade era o pai dele.

2 Também a mulher de Gileade lhe deu filhos; quando os filhos desta eram já grandes, expulsaram a Jefté, e lhe disseram: Não herdarás na casa de nosso pai, porque és filho de outra mulher.

3 Então Jefté fugiu de diante de seus irmãos, e habitou na terra de Tobe; e homens levianos juntaram-se a Jefté, e saiam com ele.

4 Passado algum tempo, os amonitas fizeram guerra a Israel.

5 E, estando eles a guerrear contra Israel, foram os anciãos de Gileade para trazer Jefté da terra de Tobe,

6 e lhe disseram: Vem, sê o nosso chefe, para que combatamos contra os amonitas.

7 Jefté, porém, perguntou aos anciãos de Gileade: Porventura não me odiastes, e não me expulsastes da casa de meu pai? por que, pois, agora viestes a mim, quando estais em aperto?

8 Responderam-lhe os anciãos de Gileade: É por isso que tornamos a ti agora, para que venhas conosco, e combatas contra os amonitas, e nos sejas por chefe sobre todos os habitantes de Gileade.

9 Então Jefté disse aos anciãos de Gileade: Se me fizerdes voltar para combater contra os amonitas, e o Senhor mos entregar diante de mim, então serei eu o vosso chefe.

10 Responderam os anciãos de Gileade a Jefté: O Senhor será testemunha entre nós de que faremos conforme a tua palavra.

11 Assim Jefté foi com os anciãos de Gileade, e o povo o pôs por cabeça e chefe sobre si; e Jefté falou todas as suas palavras perante o Senhor em Mizpá.

12 Depois Jefté enviou mensageiros ao rei dos amonitas, para lhe dizerem: Que há entre mim e ti, que vieste a mim para guerrear contra a minha terra?

13 Respondeu o rei dos amonitas aos mensageiros de Jefté: É porque Israel, quando subiu do Egito, tomou a minha terra, desde o Arnom até o Jaboque e o Jordão; restitui-me, pois, agora essas terras em paz.

14 Jefté, porém, tornou a enviar mensageiros ao rei dos amonitas,

15 dizendo-lhe: Assim diz Jefté: Israel não tomou a terra de Moabe, nem a terra dos amonitas;

16 mas quando Israel subiu do Egito, andou pelo deserto até o Mar Vermelho, e depois chegou a Cades;

17 dali enviou mensageiros ao rei de Edom, a dizer-lhe: Rogo-te que me deixes passar pela tua terra. Mas o rei de Edom não lhe deu ouvidos. Então enviou ao rei de Moabe, o qual também não consentiu; e assim Israel ficou em Cades.

18 Depois andou pelo deserto e rodeou a terra de Edom e a terra de Moabe, e veio pelo lado oriental da terra de Moabe, e acampou além do Arnom; porém não entrou no território de Moabe, pois o Arnom era o limite de Moabe.

19 E Israel enviou mensageiros a Siom, rei dos amorreus, rei de Hesbom, e disse-lhe: Rogo-te que nos deixes passar pela tua terra até o meu lugar.

20 Siom, porém, não se fiou de Israel para o deixar passar pelo seu território; pelo contrário, ajuntando todo o seu povo, acampou em Jaza e combateu contra Israel.

21 E o Senhor Deus de Israel entregou Siom com todo o seu povo na mão de Israel, que os feriu e se apoderou de toda a terra dos amorreus que habitavam naquela região.

22 Apoderou-se de todo o território dos amorreus, desde o Arnom até o Jaboque, e desde o deserto até o Jordão.

23 Assim o Senhor Deus de Israel desapossou os amorreus de diante do seu povo de Israel; e possuirias tu esse território?

24 Não possuirias tu o território daquele que Quemós, teu deus, desapossasse de diante de ti? assim possuiremos nós o território de todos quantos o Senhor nosso deus desapossar de diante de nós.

25 Agora, és tu melhor do que Balaque, filho de Zipor, rei de Moabe? ousou ele jamais contender com Israel, ou lhe mover guerra?

26 Enquanto Israel habitou trezentos anos em Hesbom e nas suas vilas, em Aroer e nas suas vilas em todas as cidades que estão ao longo do Arnom, por que não as recuperaste naquele tempo?

27 Não fui eu que pequei contra ti; és tu, porém, que usas de injustiça para comigo, fazendo-me guerra. O Senhor, que é juiz, julgue hoje entre os filhos de Israel e os amonitas.

28 Contudo o rei dos amonitas não deu ouvidos à mensagem que Jefté lhe enviou.

29 Então o Espírito do Senhor veio sobre Jefté, de modo que ele passou por Gileade e Manassés, e chegando a Mizpá de Gileade, dali foi ao encontro dos amonitas.

30 E Jefté fez um voto ao Senhor, dizendo: Se tu me entregares na mão os amonitas,

31 qualquer que, saindo da porta de minha casa, me vier ao encontro, quando eu, vitorioso, voltar dos amonitas, esse será do Senhor; eu o oferecerei em holocausto.

32 Assim Jefté foi ao encontro dos amonitas, a combater contra eles; e o Senhor lhos entregou na mão.

33 E Jefté os feriu com grande mortandade, desde Aroer até chegar a Minite, vinte cidades, e até Abel-Queramim. Assim foram subjugados os amonitas pelos filhos de Israel.

34 Quando Jefté chegou a Mizpá, à sua casa, eis que a sua filha lhe saiu ao encontro com adufes e com danças; e era ela a filha única; além dela não tinha outro filho nem filha.

35 Logo que ele a viu, rasgou as suas vestes, e disse: Ai de mim, filha minha! muito me abateste; és tu a causa da minha desgraça! pois eu fiz, um voto ao Senhor, e não posso voltar atrás.

36 Ela lhe respondeu: Meu pai, se fizeste um voto ao Senhor, faze de mim conforme o teu voto, pois o Senhor te vingou dos teus inimigos, os filhos de Amom.

37 Disse mais a seu pai: Concede-me somente isto: deixa-me por dois meses para que eu vá, e desça pelos montes, chorando a minha virgindade com as minhas companheiras.

38 Disse ele: Vai. E deixou-a ir por dois meses; então ela se foi com as suas companheiras, e chorou a sua virgindade pelos montes.

39 E sucedeu que, ao fim dos dois meses, tornou ela para seu pai, o qual cumpriu nela o voto que tinha feito; e ela não tinha conhecido varão. Daí veio o costume em Israel,

40 de irem as filhas de Israel de ano em ano lamentar por quatro dias a filha de Jefté, o gileadita. Isso não é

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Prostituta
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

pai
Gerar ou ser gerado é muito semelhante em significado ao nascimento: Representa um estado espiritual que leva ao próximo estado espiritual. "Gerar", porém, está geralmente...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

fugiu
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

irmãos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

habitou
'Inhabit' refers to good.

Terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

amonitas
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

chefe
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

mensageiros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

egito
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Terras
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

enviar
'To send' signifies revealing.

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Moabe
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

vermelho
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

cades
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Passar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

limite
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Hesbom
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

feriu
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Longo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

juiz
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Porta
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

filha
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

danças
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

vestes
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

inimigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

meses
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

conhecido
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

filhas
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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