Josué 9

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1 Depois sucedeu que, ouvindo isto todos os reis que estavam além do Jordão, na região montanhosa, na baixada e em toda a costa do grande mar, defronte do Líbano, os heteus, os amorreus, os cananeus, os perizeus, os heveus, e os jebuseus

2 se ajuntaram de comum acordo para pelejar contra Josué e contra Israel.

3 Ora, os moradores de Gibeão, ouvindo o que Josué fizera a Jericó e a Ai.

4 usaram de astúcia: foram e se fingiram embaixadores, tomando sacos velhos sobre os seus jumentos, e odres de vinho velhos, rotos e recosidos,

5 tendo nos seus pés sapatos velhos e remendados, e trajando roupas velhas; e todo o pão que traziam para o caminho era seco e bolorento.

6 E vieram a Josué, ao arraial em Gilgal, e disseram a ele e aos homens de Israel: Somos vindos duma terra longínqua; fazei, pois, agora pacto conosco.

7 Responderam os homens de Israel a estes heveus: Bem pode ser que habiteis no meio de nós; como pois faremos pacto convosco?

8 Então eles disseram a Josué: Nós somos teus servos. Ao que lhes perguntou Josué: Quem sois vós? e donde vindes?

9 Responderam-lhe: Teus servos vieram duma terra mui distante, por causa do nome do Senhor teu Deus, porquanto ouvimos a sua fama, e tudo o que fez no Egito,

10 e tudo o que fez aos dois reis dos amorreus, que estavam além do Jordão, a Siom, rei de Hesbom, e a Ogue, rei de Basã, que estava em Astarote.

11 Pelo que nossos anciãos e todos os moradores da nossa terra nos falaram, dizendo: Tomai nas mãos provisão para o caminho, e ide-lhes ao encontro, e dizei-lhes: Nós somos vossos servos; fazei, pois, agora pacto conosco.

12 Este nosso pão tomamo-lo quente das nossas casas para nossa provisão, no dia em que saímos para vir ter convosco, e ei-lo aqui agora seco e bolorento;

13 estes odres, que enchemos de vinho, eram novos, e ei-los aqui já rotos; e esta nossa roupa e nossos sapatos já envelheceram em razão do mui longo caminho.

14 Então os homens de Israel tomaram da provisão deles, e não pediram conselho ao Senhor.

15 Assim Josué fez paz com eles; também fez um pacto com eles, prometendo poupar-lhes a vida; e os príncipes da congregação lhes prestaram juramento.

16 Três dias depois de terem feito pacto com eles, ouviram que eram vizinhos e que moravam no meio deles.

17 Tendo partido os filhos de Israel, chegaram ao terceiro dia às cidades deles, que eram Gibeão, Cefira, Beerote e Quiriate-Jearir.

18 Mas os filhos de Israel não os mataram, porquanto os príncipes da congregação lhes haviam prestado juramento pelo Senhor, o Deus de Israel; pelo que toda a congregação murmurava contra os príncipes.

19 Mas os príncipes disseram a toda a congregação: Nós lhes prestamos juramento pelo Senhor, o Deus de Israel, e agora não lhes podemos tocar.

20 Isso cumpriremos para com eles, poupando-lhes a vida, para que não haja ira sobre nós, por causa do juramento que lhes fizemos.

21 Disseram, pois, os príncipes: Vivam. Assim se tornaram rachadores de lenha e tiradores de água para toda a congregação, como os príncipes lhes disseram.

22 Então Josué os chamou, e lhes disse: Por que nos enganastes, dizendo: Mui longe de vós habitamos, morando vós no meio de nós?

23 Agora, pois, sois malditos, e dentre vós nunca deixará de haver servos, rachadores de lenha e tiradores de água para a casa do meu Deus.

24 Respondendo a Josué, disseram: Porquanto foi anunciado aos teus servos que o Senhor teu Deus ordenou a Moisés, seu servo, que vos desse toda esta terra, e destruísse todos os seus moradores diante de vós, temíamos muito pelas nossas vidas por causa de vós, e fizemos isso.

25 E eis que agora estamos na tua mão; faze aquilo que te pareça bom e reto que se nos faça.

26 Assim pois ele lhes fez, e livrou-os das mãos dos filhos de Israel, de sorte que estes não os mataram.

27 Mas, naquele dia, Josué os fez rachadores de lenha e tiradores de água para a congregação e para o altar do Senhor, no lugar que ele escolhesse, como ainda o são.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

reis
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

jordão
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

heteus
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gibeão
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vinho
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

pés
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

sapatos
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

pão
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

seco
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

egito
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dois
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rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesbom
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Roupa
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

Longo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

juramento
'To sware' is a binding.

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dias
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depois de
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filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

terceiro
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

cidades
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água
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chamou
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disse
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casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

respondendo
Responder" geralmente indica um estado de receptividade espiritual. Em última análise, isto significa estar receptivo ao Senhor, que está constantemente tentando derramar idéias verdadeiras e...

servo
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ordenou
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

altar
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

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Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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