Josué 7

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1 Mas os filhos de Israel cometeram uma transgressão no tocante ao anátema, pois Acã, filho de Carmi, filho de Zabdi, filho de Zerá, da tribo de Judá, tomou do anátema; e a ira do Senhor se acendeu contra os filhos de Israel.

2 Josué enviou de Jericó alguns homens a Ai, que está junto a Bete-Áven ao Oriente de Betel, e disse-lhes: Subi, e espiai a terra. Subiram, pois, aqueles homens, e espiaram a Ai.

3 Voltaram a Josué, e disseram-lhe: Não suba todo o povo; subam uns dois ou três mil homens, e destruam a Ai. Não fatigues ali a todo o povo, porque os habitantes são poucos.

4 Assim, subiram lá do povo cerca de três mil homens, os quais fugiram diante dos homens de Ai.

5 E os homens de Ai mataram deles cerca de trinta e seis e, havendo-os perseguido desde a porta até Sebarim, bateram-nos na descida; e o coração do povo se derreteu e se tornou como água.

6 Então Josué rasgou as suas vestes, e se prostrou com o rosto em terra perante a arca do Senhor até a tarde, ele e os anciãos de Israel; e deitaram pó sobre as suas cabeças.

7 E disse Josué: Ah, Senhor Deus! por que fizeste a este povo atravessar o Jordão, para nos entregares nas mãos dos amorreus, para nos fazeres perecer? Oxalá nos tivéssemos contentado em morarmos além do Jordão.

8 Ah, Senhor! que direi, depois que Israel virou as costas diante dos seus inimigos?

9 Pois os cananeus e todos os moradores da terra o ouvirão e, cercando-nos, exterminarão da terra o nosso nome; e então, que farás pelo teu grande nome?

10 Respondeu o Senhor a Josué: Levanta-te! por que estás assim prostrado com o rosto em terra?

11 Israel pecou; eles transgrediram o meu pacto que lhes tinha ordenado; tomaram do anátema, furtaram-no e, dissimulando, esconderam-no entre a sua bagagem.

12 Por isso os filhos de Israel não puderam subsistir perante os seus inimigos, viraram as costas diante deles, porquanto se fizeram anátema. Não serei mais convosco, se não destruirdes o anátema do meio de vós.

13 Levanta-te santifica o povo, e dize-lhe: Santificai-vos para amanhã, pois assim diz o Senhor, o Deus de Israel: Anátema há no meio de ti, Israel; não poderás suster-te diante dos teus inimigos, enquanto não tirares do meio de ti o anátema.

14 Amanhã, pois, vos chegareis, segundo as vossas tribos; a tribo que o Senhor tomar se chegará por famílias; a família que o Senhor tomar se chegará por casas; e a casa que o Senhor tomar se chegará homem por homem.

15 E aquele que for tomado com o anátema, será queimado no fogo, ele e tudo quanto tiver, porquanto transgrediu o pacto do Senhor, e fez uma loucura em Israel.

16 Então Josué se levantou de madrugada, e fez chegar Israel segundo as suas tribos, e foi tomada por sorte a tribo de Judá;

17 fez chegar a tribo de Judá, e foi tomada a família dos zeraítas; fez chegar a familia dos zeraítas, homem por homem, e foi tomado Zabdi;

18 fez chegar a casa de Zabdi, homem por homem, e foi tomado Acã, filho de Carmi, filho de Zabdi, filho de Zerá, da tribo de Judá.

19 Então disse Josué a Acã: Filho meu, , peço-te, glória ao Senhor Deus de Israel, e faze confissão perante ele. Declara-me agora o que fizeste; não mo ocultes.

20 Respondeu Acã a Josué: Verdadeiramente pequei contra o Senhor Deus de Israel, e eis o que fiz:

21 quando vi entre os despojos uma boa capa babilônica, e duzentos siclos de prata, e uma cunha de ouro do peso de cinqüenta siclos, cobicei-os e tomei-os; eis que estão escondidos na terra, no meio da minha tenda, e a prata debaixo da capa.

22 Então Josué enviou mensageiros, que foram correndo à tenda; e eis que tudo estava escondido na sua tenda, estando a prata debaixo da capa.

23 Tomaram, pois, aquelas coisas do meio da tenda, e as trouxeram a Josué e a todos os filhos de Israel; e as puseram perante o Senhor.

24 Então Josué e todo o Israel com ele tomaram Acã, filho de Zerá, e a prata, a capa e a cunha de ouro, e seus filhos e suas filhas, e seus bois, jumentos e ovelhas, e a sua tenda, e tudo quanto tinha, e levaram-nos ao vale de Acor.

25 E disse Josué: Por que nos perturbaste? hoje o Senhor te perturbará a ti: E todo o Israel o apedrejou; queimaram-nos no fogo, e os apedrejaram:

26 E levantaram sobre ele um grande montão de pedras, que permanece até o dia de hoje. E o Senhor se apartou do ardor da sua ira. Por isso se chama aquele lugar até hoje o vale de Acor.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 7: The defeat at Ai, and the sin of Achan.

This chapter opens with the statement that Israel had sinned at Jericho, because an Israelite named Achan had kept something for himself, against the Lord's commandment. (But Joshua doesn't know this yet.)

The great victory at Jericho was quickly followed by an embarrassing defeat at Ai. The Israelites hadn't expected much difficulty in taking Ai, and sent just a few thousand men to attack it. They were routed.

Spiritually, we might say that pride goes before a fall, but more specifically, in the work of our regeneration we are never to rest on our laurels, but to always stay alert to each situation and how we are internally handling it. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Understandably, Joshua pours out his heart to the Lord, wondering why they have even crossed over the Jordan to simply be destroyed. The Lord tells him that their defeat at Ai was because Israel sinned by taking some of the forbidden things of Jericho. The Lord explains how to put this right, by identifying the wrongdoer and destroying him and his family.

Note the weakness of Joshua (as earlier also with Moses at times) when things go wrong and he feels confused, full of doubt, hurt and afraid. When things go well, we go well; when things go badly, we tend to go to pieces. And we ask, “Why? Why this, why me, why now?”

The Lord’s answer is a command, “Get up! Why are you lying on your face?” This is a pretty plain meaning: The Lord wants us to use such setbacks to be able to go forward, seeing the problem as a challenge and an opportunity and learning point.

Joshua is told to find the source of the wrong and the defeat. From all the tribes, one tribe will be selected by the Lord. From all its families, one family will be chosen. From all its households, one household will be chosen, and from that household, one man will be chosen. And Achan was the man and he is brought out. (Arcana Caelestia 5135)

This drawing-by-lot is a remarkable picture of our spiritual self-examination. We’re told that to make our general confession of ‘having done what we should not have done’ is almost worthless because we are likely to just carry on the same afterwards. (Arcana Caelestia 8390) Our personal inventory must be specific. What kind of thoughts have I been allowing myself recently? What did that make me feel in my heart? Did I welcome it or want nothing to do with it? It’s a kind of pinpointing, and it leads us to Achan, whose name in Hebrew means ‘trouble’ and ‘troubler’. (The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 164)

Achan, discovered, doesn't hide or deny his wrongdoing but openly admits that he has sinned against the Lord. He'd seen a beautiful garment, much silver, and a chunk of gold, and took them, and hid them in the earth in the middle of his tent. He confesses and indeed, his confession is transparent. So must our confession be when we see things in ourselves that go against the Lord’s truths and ways. They bring forth his stolen goods from his tent.

Then, in a comprehensive way, Joshua took everything Achan owned in its entirety, including the stolen goods, to the Valley of Achor (a name again meaning ‘trouble’) and stoned him and all his family and burned them with fire and raised a heap of stones over it all. This, to us, might well sound like a brutal and an unwarranted punishment.

Spiritually, the Lord does not punish us, ever. Rather, he commands that we turn from our evils, and suffer the consequences if we don't. The Lord does this to help and encourage us to stop following our own way and to commit ourselves to following and living His way. We can only conquer Canaan, representing heaven, when we do this. (Arcana Caelestia 8622)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2327, 2576, 2838, 4539, 5135

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Významy biblických slov

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tribo
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

betel
Quando Jacó teve seu famoso sonho, de uma escadaria que levava ao céu, ele chamou o lugar de "Betel", que é hebraico para "a casa...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

trinta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

perseguido
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

arca
Há três arca mencionadas na Palavra, a arca de Noé, a arca das trevas para o menino Moisés, e a arca do pacto no tabernáculo....

Tarde
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

cabeças
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

jordão
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

virou
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

inimigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

ordenado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

amanhã
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

famílias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

família
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

declara
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

entre
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

despojos
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

boa
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

siclos
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

ouro
'Money' relates to truth.

cinqüenta
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Meio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

mensageiros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

filhas
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Montão
'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...

pedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about Achan's sin after the battle of Jericho. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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