Josué 4

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1 Quando todo o povo acabara de passar o Jordão, falou o Senhor a Josué, dizendo:

2 Tomai dentre o povo doze homens, de cada tribo um homem;

3 e mandai-lhes, dizendo: Tirai daqui, do meio do Jordão, do lugar em que estiveram parados os pés dos sacerdotes, doze pedras, levai-as convosco para a outra banda e depositai-as no lugar em que haveis de passar esta noite.

4 Chamou, pois, Josué os doze homens que escolhera dos filhos de Israel, de cada tribo um homem;

5 e disse-lhes: Passai adiante da arca do Senhor vosso Deus, ao meio do Jordão, e cada um levante uma pedra sobre o ombro, segundo o número das tribos dos filhos de Israel;

6 para que isto seja por sinal entre vós; e quando vossos filhos no futuro perguntarem: Que significam estas pedras?

7 direis a eles que as águas do Jordão foram cortadas diante da arca do pacto de Senhor; quando ela passou pelo Jordão, as águas foram cortadas; e estas pedras serão para sempre por memorial aos filhos de Israel.

8 Fizeram, pois, os filhos de Israel assim como Josué tinha ordenado, e levantaram doze pedras do meio do Jordão como o Senhor dissera a Josué, segundo o número das tribos dos filhos de Israel; e levaram-nas consigo ao lugar em que pousaram, e as depositaram ali.

9 Amontoou Josué também doze pedras no meio do Jordão, no lugar em que pararam os pés dos sacerdotes que levavam a arca do pacto; e ali estão até o dia de hoje.

10 Pois os sacerdotes que levavam a arca pararam no meio do Jordão, até que se cumpriu tudo quanto o Senhor mandara Josué dizer ao povo, conforme tudo o que Moisés tinha ordenado a Josué. E o povo apressou-se, e passou.

11 Assim que todo o povo acabara de passar, então passaram a arca do Senhor e os sacerdotes, à vista do povo.

12 E passaram os filhos de Rúben e os filhos de Gade, e a meia tribo de Manassés, armados, adiante dos filhos de Israel, como Moisés lhes tinha dito;

13 uns quarenta mil homens em pé de guerra passaram diante do Senhor para a batalha, às planícies de Jericó.

14 Naquele dia e Senhor engrandeceu a Josué aos olhos de todo o Israel; e temiam-no, como haviam temido a Moisés, por todos os dias da sua vida.

15 Depois falou o Senhor a Josué, dizendo:

16 ordem aos sacerdotes que levam a arca do testemunho, que subam do Jordão.

17 Pelo que Josué deu ordem aos sacerdetes, dizendo: Subi do Jordão.

18 E aconteceu que, quando os sacerdotes que levavam a arca do pacto do Senhor subiram do meio do Jordão, e as plantas dos seus pés se puseram em terra seca, as águas do Jordão voltaram ao seu lugar, e trasbordavam todas as suas ribanceiras, como dantes.

19 O povo, pois, subiu do Jordão no dia dez do primeiro mês, e acampou-se em Gilgal, ao oriente de Jericó.

20 E as doze pedras, que tinham tirado do Jordão, levantou-as Josué em Gilgal;

21 e falou aos filhos de Israel, dizendo: Quando no futuro vossos filhos perguntarem a seus pais: Que significam estas pedras?

22 fareis saber a vossos filhos, dizendo: Israel passou a pé enxuto este Jordão.

23 Porque o Senhor vosso Deus fez secar as águas do Jordão diante de vós, até que passásseis, assim como fizera ao Mar Vermelho, ao qual fez secar perante nós, até que passássemos;

24 para que todos os povos da terra conheçam que a mão do Senhor é forte; a fim de que vós também temais ao Senhor vosso Deus para sempre.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Êxodo 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

Números 17:5

Deuteronômio 6:2, 11:30, 16:3, 33:21

Josué 1:14, 17, 3:7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 4:6, 21, 5:9, 9:6, 24:11

Juízes 20:1

1 Samuel 10:8, 12:18, 17:46

1 Reis 3:28, 8:40, 42

2 Reis 2:1, 15

1 Crônicas 29:25

40:9

Salmos 66:6, 78:4, 106:8

Isaías 52:10, 12

Jeremias 10:7

Romanos 9:17

Revelação 15:4

Významy biblických slov

Passar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

jordão
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

pés
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

pedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

esta noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

chamou
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

arca
Há três arca mencionadas na Palavra, a arca de Noé, a arca das trevas para o menino Moisés, e a arca do pacto no tabernáculo....

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

águas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

para sempre
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

sempre
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

Memorial
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

ordenado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

segundo
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dizer
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gade
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

batalha
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

Planícies
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

temido
O medo do desconhecido e o medo da mudança são ideias comuns e, em conjunto, cobrem um amplo espectro dos medos que tendemos a ter...

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

ordem
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

primeiro
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

Mês
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

vermelho
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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 Crossing the Jordan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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