Josué 24

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1 Depois Josué reuniu todas as tribos de Israel em Siquém, e chamou os anciãos de Israel, os seus cabeças, os seus juízes e os seus oficiais; e eles se apresentaram diante de Deus.

2 Disse então Josué a todo o povo: Assim diz o Senhor Deus de Israel: Além do Rio habitaram antigamente vossos pais, Tera, pai de Abraão e de Naor; e serviram a outros deuses.

3 Eu, porém, tomei a vosso pai Abraão dalém do Rio, e o conduzi por toda a terra de Canaã; também multipliquei a sua descendência, e dei-lhe Isaque.

4 A Isaque; dei Jacó e Esaú; a Esaú dei em possessão o monte Seir; mas Jacó e seus filhos desceram para o Egito.

5 Então enviei Moisés e Arão, e feri o Egito com aquilo que fiz no meio dele; e depois vos tirei de lá.

6 Depois que tirei a vossos pais do Egito viestes ao mar; e os egípcios perseguiram a vossos pais, com carros e com cavaleiros, até o mar Vermelho.

7 Quando clamaram ao Senhor, ele pôs uma escuridão entre vós e os egípcios, e trouxe o mar sobre eles e os cobriu; e os vossos olhos viram o que eu fiz no Egito. Depois habitastes no deserto muitos dias.

8 Então eu vos trouxe à terra dos amorreus, que habitavam além do Jordão, os quais pelejaram contra vós; porém os entreguei na vossa mão, e possuístes a sua terra; assim os destruí de diante de vós.

9 Levantou-se também Balaque, filho de Zipor, rei dos moabitas, e pelejou contra Israel; e mandou chamar a Balaão, filho de Beor, para que vos amaldiçoasse;

10 porém eu não quis ouvir a Balaão; pelo que ele vos abençoou; e eu vos livrei da sua mao.

11 E quando vós, passando o Jordão, viestes a Jericó, pelejaram contra vós os homens de Jericó, e os amorreus, os perizeus, os cananeus, os heteus, os girgaseus, os heveus e os jebuseus; porém os entreguei na vossa mao.

12 Pois enviei vespões adiante de vós, que os expulsaram de diante de vós, como aos dois reis dos amorreus, não com a vossa espada, nem com o vosso arco.

13 E eu vos dei uma terra em que não trabalhastes, e cidades que não edificastes, e habitais nelas; e comeis de vinhas e de olivais que não plantastes.

14 Agora, pois, temei ao Senhor, e servi-o com sinceridade e com verdade; deitai fora os deuses a que serviram vossos pais dalém do Rio, e no Egito, e servi ao Senhor.

15 Mas, se vos parece mal o servirdes ao Senhor, escolhei hoje a quem haveis de servir; se aos deuses a quem serviram vossos pais, que estavam além do Rio, ou aos deuses dos amorreus, em cuja terra habitais. Porém eu e a minha casa serviremos ao Senhor.

16 Então respondeu o povo, e disse: Longe esteja de nós o abandonarmos ao Senhor para servirmos a outros deuses:

17 porque o Senhor é o nosso Deus; ele é quem nos fez subir, a nós e a nossos pais, da terra do Egito, da casa da servidão, e quem fez estes grandes sinais aos nossos olhos, e nos preservou por todo o caminho em que andamos, e entre todos os povos pelo meio dos quais passamos.

18 E o Senhor expulsou de diante de nós a todos esses povos, mesmo os amorreus, que moravam na terra. Nós também serviremos ao Senhor, porquanto ele é nosso Deus.

19 Então Josué disse ao povo: Não podereis servir ao Senhor, porque é Deus santo, é Deus zeloso, que não perdoará a vossa transgressão nem os vossos pecados.

20 Se abandonardes ao Senhor e servirdes a deuses estranhos, então ele se tornará, e vos fará o mal, e vos consumirá, depois de vos ter feito o bem.

21 Disse então o povo a Josué: Não! antes serviremos ao Senhor.

22 Josué, pois, disse ao povo: Sois testemunhas contra vós mesmos e que escolhestes ao Senhor para o servir. Responderam eles: Somos testemunhas.

23 Agora, pois, - disse Josué - deitai fora os deuses estranhos que há no meio de vós, e inclinai o vosso coração ao Senhor Deus de Israel.

24 Disse o povo a Josué: Serviremos ao Senhor nosso Deus, e obedeceremos à sua voz.

25 Assim fez Josué naquele dia um pacto com o povo, e lhe deu leis e ordenanças em Siquem.

26 E Josué escreveu estas palavras no livro da lei de Deus; e, tomando uma grande pedra, a pôs ali debaixo do carvalho que estava junto ao santuário do Senhor,

27 e disse a todo o povo: Eis que esta pedra será por testemunho contra nós, pois ela ouviu todas as palavras que o Senhor nos falou; pelo que será por testemunho contra vós, para que não negueis o vosso Deus.

28 Então Josué despediu o povo, cada um para a sua herança.

29 Depois destas coisas Josué, filho de Num, servo do Senhor, morreu, tendo cento e dez anos de idade;

30 e o sepultaram no território da sua herança, em Timnate-Sera, que está na região montanhosa de Efraim, para o norte do monte Gaás.

31 Serviu, pois, Israel ao Senhor todos os dias de Josué, e todos os dias dos anciãos que sobreviveram a Josué e que sabiam toda a obra que o Senhor tinha feito a favor de Israel.

32 Os ossos de José, que os filhos de Israel trouxeram do Egito, foram enterrados em Siquém, naquela parte do campo que Jacó comprara aos filhos de Hamor, pai de Siquém, por cem peças de prata, e que se tornara herança dos filhos de José.

33 Morreu também Eleazar, filho de Arão, e o sepultaram no outeiro de Finéias, seu filho, que lhe fora dado na região montanhosa de Efraim.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

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Významy biblických slov

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

tribos
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de israel
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israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

siquém
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

chamou
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Anciãos
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cabeças
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juízes
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Deus
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disse
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diz
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senhor
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rio
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pai
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abraão
Abraão (ou Abrão, como é chamado no início da sua história) é um dos personagens principais da história da Sagrada Escritura. Ele foi o ancestral...

Naor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

canaã
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jacó
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esaú
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

egito
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

enviei
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Moisés
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arão
Arão era o irmão de Moisés. Ele simboliza duas coisas, uma durante a primeira parte do êxodo, quando ele era o porta-voz de Moisés, e...

mar
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egípcios
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cavaleiros
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vermelho
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olhos
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deserto
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muitos
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dias
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jordão
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mão
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levantou-se
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filho
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rei
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moabitas
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ouvir
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jericó
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heteus
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dois
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reis
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espada
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arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

cidades
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vinhas
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

verdade
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servir
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hoje
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casa
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nos
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sinais
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

transgressão
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

pecados
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depois de
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testemunhas
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

voz
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dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ordenanças
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

livro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

morreu
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

para o norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

ossos
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campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

cem
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Identify stories in which Joshua demonstrates heroic qualities such as bravery, kindness, responsibility, loyalty, honesty, perseverance, strength and obedience.
Project | Ages 9 - 13

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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Review questions for the book of Joshua.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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