Josué 18

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1 Ora, toda a congregação dos filhos de Israel, havendo conquistado a terra, se reuniu em Siló, e ali armou a tenda da revelação.

2 E dentre os filhos de Israel restavam sete tribos que ainda não tinham repartido a sua herança.

3 Disse, pois, Josué aos filhos de Israel: Até quando sereis remissos em entrardes para possuir a terra que o Senhor Deus de vossos pais vos deu?

4 Designai vós a três homens de cada tribo, e eu os enviarei; e eles sairão a percorrer a terra, e a demarcarão segundo as suas heranças, e voltarão a ter comigo.

5 Reparti-la-ão em sete partes; Judá ficará no seu termo da banda do sul; e a casa de José ficará no seu termo da banda do norte.

6 Sim, vós demarcareis a terra em sete partes, e me trareis a mim a sua descrição; eu vos lançarei as sortes aqui perante o Senhor nosso Deus.

7 Porquanto os levitas não têm parte no meio de vós, porque o sacerdócio do Senhor é a sua herança; e Gade, Rúben e a meia tribo de Manassés já receberam a sua herança além do Jordão para o oriente, a qual lhes deu Moisés, servo do Senhor.

8 Então aqueles homens se aprontaram para saírem; e Josué deu ordem a esses que iam demarcar a terra, dizendo: Ide, percorrei a terra, e demarcai-a; então vinde ter comigo; e aqui em Siló vos lançarei as sortes perante o Senhor.

9 Foram, pois, aqueles homens e, passando pela terra, a demarcaram em sete partes segundo as suas cidades, descrevendo-a num livro; e voltaram a Josué, ao arraial em Siló.

10 Então Josué lhes lançou as sortes em Siló, perante o Senhor; e ali repartiu Josué a terra entre os filhos de Israel, conforme as suas divisões.

11 E surgiu a sorte da tribo dos filhos de Benjamim, segundo as suas famílias, e coube-lhe o território da sua sorte entre os filhos de Judá e os filhos de José.

12 O seu termo ao norte, partindo do Jordão, vai até a saliência ao norte de Jericó e, subindo pela região montanhosa para o ocidente, chega até o deserto de Bete-Áven;

13 dali passa até Luz, ao lado de Luz (que é Betel) para o sul; e desce a Atarote-Adar, junto ao monte que está ao sul de Bete-Horom de baixo;

14 e vai este termo virando, pelo lado ocidental, para o sul desde o monte que está defronte de Bete-Horom; e chega a Quiriate-Baal (que é Quiriate-Jearim), cidade dos filhos de Judá. Esta é a sua fronteira ocidental.

15 A sua fronteira meridional começa desde a extremidade de Quiriate-Jearim, e dali se estende até Efrom, até a fonte das águas de Neftoa;

16 desce à extremidade do monte que está fronteiro ao vale de Ben-Hinom, que está no vale dos refains, para o norte; também desce ao vale de Hinom da banda dos jebuseus para o sul; e desce ainda até En-Rogel;

17 passando para o norte, chega a En-Semes, e dali sai a Gelilote, que está defronte da subida de Adumim; desce à pedra de Boã, filho de Rúben;

18 segue para o norte, margeando a Arabá, e desce ainda até a Arabá;

19 segue dali para o norte, ladeando Bete-Hogla; e os seus extremos chegam à baía setentrional do Mar Salgado, na extremidade meridional do Jordão. Esse é o termo do sul.

20 E o Jordão é o seu termo oriental. Essa é a herança dos filhos de Benjamim, pelos seus termos ao redor, segundo as suas famílias.

21 Ora, as cidades da tribo dos filhos de Benjamim, segundo as suas famílias, são: Jericó, Bete-Hogla, Emeque-Queziz,

22 Bete-Arabá, Zemaraim, Betel,

23 Avim, Pará, Ofra,

24 Quefar-Ha-Amonai. Ofni e Gaba; doze cidades e as suas aldeias.

25 Gibeão, Ramá, Beerote,

26 Mizpe, Cefira, Moza,

27 Requem, Irpeel, Tarala,

28 Zela, Elefe e Jebus (esta é Jerusalém), Gibeá e Quiriate; catorze cidades e as suas aldeias. Essa é a herança dos filhos de Benjamim, segundo as suas familias.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 28:19, 35:24

Números 32:22

Josué 1:6, 6:1, 9:3, 17, 12:6, 13:1, 14, 16, 17, 14:2, 5, 15:1, 5, 8, 12, 16:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 18:13, 22, 19:29, 51, 21:2, 17, 22:19, 23:4

Juízes 1:16, 21, 11:34, 18:9, 31, 19:10, 12, 13, 20:1, 21:12

1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 7:5, 6, 16, 10:26, 13:3, 17

2 Samuel 2:9, 4:2, 5:25, 21:14, 23:31

1 Reis 15:17, 22

2 Reis 23:8, 25:23

1 Crônicas 8:28, 29, 24:5

2 Crônicas 13:4

Esdras 2:26

Neemias 11:1, 31, 33

Salmos 78:60

Isaías 10:29

Jeremias 6:1, 7:12, 31:15, 40:6

Ezequiel 48:23, 29

Miquéias 1:10

Atos 7:45, 13:19

Hebreus 4:8, 11

Významy biblických slov

congregação
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

Siló
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

heranças
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

termo
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

sul
'South' denotes truth in light.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sortes
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Sacerdócio
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

Gade
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

jordão
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

ordem
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

livro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

tribo
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

benjamim
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

famílias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

betel
Quando Jacó teve seu famoso sonho, de uma escadaria que levava ao céu, ele chamou o lugar de "Betel", que é hebraico para "a casa...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fronteira
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

fonte
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

das águas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

águas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

para o norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

setentrional
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

salgado
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

aldeias
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gibeão
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Ramá
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

jerusalém
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Gibeá
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

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