Josué 17

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1 Também coube sorte à tribo de Manassés, porquanto era o primogênito de José. Quanto a Maquir, o primogênito de Manassés, pai de Gileade, porquanto era homem de guerra, obtivera Gileade e Basã.

2 Também os outros filhos de Manassés tiveram a sua parte, segundo as suas famílias, a saber: os filhos de Abiezer, os filhos de Heleque, os filhos de Asriel, os filhos de Siquém, os filhos de Hefer, e os filhos de semida. Esses são os filhos de Manassés, filho de José, segundo as suas famílias.

3 Zelofeade, porém, filho de Hefer, filho de Gileade, filho de Maquir, filho de Manassés, não teve filhos, mas só filhas; e estes são os nomes de suas filhas: Macla, Noa, Hogla, Milca e Tirza.

4 Estas, pois, se apresentaram diante de Eleazar, o sacerdote, e diante de Josué, filho de Num, e diante dos príncipes, dizendo: O Senhor ordenou a Moisés que se nos desse herança no meio de nossos irmãos. Pelo que se lhes deu herança no meio dos irmãos de seu pai, conforme a ordem do Senhor.

5 E couberam a Manassés dez quinhões, afora a terra de Gileade e Basã, que está além do Jordão;

6 porque as filhas de Manassés possuíram herança entre os filhos dele; e a terra de Gileade coube aos outros filhos de Manassés.

7 Ora, o termo de Manassés vai desde Aser até Micmetá, que está defronte de Siquém; e estende-se pela direita até os moradores de En-Tapua.

8 A terra de Tapua ficou pertencendo a Manassés; porém Tapua, junto ao termo de Manassés, pertencia aos filhos de Efraim .

9 Então desce este termo ao ribeiro de Caná; a Efraim couberam as cidades ao sul do ribeiro no meio das cidades de Manassés; o termo de Manassés está ao norte do ribeiro, e vai até o mar.

10 Ao sul a terra é de Efraim, e ao norte de Manassés, sendo o mar o seu termo. Estendem-se ao norte até Aser, e ao oriente até Issacar

11 Porque em Issacar e em Aser couberam a Manassés Bete-Seã e suas vilas, Ibleão e suas vilas, os habitantes de Dor e suas vilas, os habitantes de En-Dor e suas vilas, os habitantes de Taanaque e suas vilas, e os habitantes de Megido e suas vilas, com os seus três outeiros.

12 Contudo os filhos de Manassés não puderam expulsar os habitantes daquelas cidades, porquanto os cananeus persistiram em habitar naquela terra.

13 Mas quando os filhos de Israel se tornaram fortes, sujeitaram os cananeus a trabalhos forçados, porém não os expulsaram de todo.

14 Então os filhos de José falaram a Josué, dizendo: Por que me deste por herança apenas uma sorte e um quinhão, sendo eu um povo numeroso, porquanto o Senhor até aqui me tem abençoado?

15 Respondeu-lhes Josué: Se és povo numeroso, sobe ao bosque, e corta para ti lugar ali na terra dos perizeus e dos refains, desde que a região montanhosa de Efraim te é estreita demais.

16 Tornaram os filhos de José: A região montanhosa não nos bastaria; além disso todos os cananeus que habitam na terra do vale têm carros de ferro, tanto os de Bete-Seã e das suas vilas, como os que estão no vale de Jizreel.

17 Então Josué falou a casa de José, isto é, a Efraim e a Manassés, dizendo: Povo numeroso és tu, e tens grande força; não terás uma sorte apenas;

18 porém a região montanhosa será tua; ainda que é bosque, cortá-lo-ás, e as suas extremidades serão tuas; porque expulsarás os cananeus, não obstante terem eles carros de ferro e serem fortes:

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

tribo
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

primogênito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Maquir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

famílias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

filhas
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

nomes
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ordenou
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

irmãos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

ordem
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

entre
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

termo
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

siquém
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Ribeiro
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sul
'South' denotes truth in light.

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

megido
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

habitar
'Inhabit' refers to good.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

abençoado
O Senhor é amor perfeito expresso como sabedoria perfeita. Ele nos criou para que Ele pudesse nos amar, pudesse nos dar amor e sabedoria própria,...

bosque
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ferro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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