Josué 15

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1 A sorte que coube à tribo dos filhos de Judá, segundo as suas famílias, se estende até o termo de Edom, até o deserto de Zim para o sul, na extremidade do lado meridional

2 O seu termo meridional, partindo da extremidade do Mar Salgado, da baía que dá para o sul,

3 estende-se para o sul, até a subida de Acrabim, passa a Zim, sobe pelo sul de Cades-Barnéia, passa por Hezrom, sobe a Adar, e vira para Carca;

4 daí passa a Azmom, chega até o ribeiro do Egito, e por ele vai até o mar. Este será o vosso termo meridional.

5 O termo oriental é o Mar Salgado, até a foz do Jordão. O termo setentrional, partindo da baía do Mar na foz do Jordão,

6 sobe até Bete-Hogla, passa ao norte de Bete-Arabá, e sobe até a pedra de Boã, filho de Rúben;

7 sobe mais este termo a Debir, desde o vale de Acor, indo para o norte em direção a Gilgal, a qual está defronte da subida de Adumim, que se acha ao lado meridional do ribeiro; então continua este termo até as águas de En-Semes, e os seus extremos chegam a En-Rogel;

8 sobe ainda pelo vale de Ben-Hinom, até a saliência meridional do monte jebuseu (isto é, Jerusalém); sobe ao cume do monte que está fronteiro ao vale de Hinom para o ocidente, na extremidade do vale dos refains para o norte;

9 do cume do monte se estende até a fonte das águas de Neftoa e, seguindo até as cidades do monte de Efrom, estende-se ainda até Baalá (esta é Quiriate-Jearim) ;

10 de Baalá este termo volta para o ocidente, até o monte Seir, passa ao lado do monte Jearim da banda do norte (este é Quesalom) , desce a Bete-Semes e passa por Timna;

11 segue mais este termo até o lado de Ecrom para o norte e, indo para Siquerom e passando o monte de Baalá, chega a Jabneel; e assim este termo finda no mar.

12 O termo ocidental é o mar grande. São esses os termos dos filhos de Judá ao redor, segundo as suas famílias.

13 Deu-se, porém, a Calebe, filho de Jefoné, uma porção no meio dos filhos de Judá, conforme a ordem do Senhor a Josué, a saber, Quiriate-Arba, que é Hebrom (Arba era o pai de Anaque).

14 E Calebe expulsou dali os três filhos de Anaque: Sesai, Aimã e Talmai, descendentes de Anaque.

15 Dali subiu contra os habitantes de Debir. Ora, o nome de Debir era dantes Quiriate-Sefer.

16 Disse então Calebe: A quem atacar Quiriate-Sefer e a tomar, darei a minha filha Acsa por mulher.

17 Tomou-a, pois, Otniel, filho de Quenaz, irmão de Calebe; e este lhe deu a sua filha Acsa por mulher.

18 Estando ela em caminho para a casa de Otniel, persuadiu-o que pedisse um campo ao pai dela. E quando ela saltou do jumento, Calebe lhe perguntou: Que é que tens?

19 Respondeu ela: -me um presente; porquanto me deste terra no Negebe, -me também fontes d'água. Então lhe deu as fontes superiores e as fontes inferiores.

20 Esta é a herança da tribo dos filhos de Judá, segundo as suas famílias.

21 As cidades pertencentes à tribo dos filhos de Judá, no extremo sul, para o lado de Edom, são: Cabzeel, Eder, Jagur,

22 Quiná, Dimona, Adada,

23 Quedes, Hazor, Itnã,

24 Zife, Telem, Bealote,

25 Hazor-Hadada, Queriote-Hezrom (que é Hazor),

26 Amã, Sema, Molada,

27 Hazar-Gada, Hesmom, Bete-Pelete,

28 Hazar-Sual, Berseba, Biziotiá,

29 Baalá, Iim, Ezem,

30 Eltolade, Quesil, Horma,

31 Ziclague, Madmana, Sansana,

32 Lebaote, Silim, Aim e Rimom; ao todo, vinte e nove cidades, e as suas aldeias.

33 Na baixada: Estaol, Zorá, Asná,

34 Zanoa, En-Ganim, Tapua, Enã,

35 Jarmute, Adulão, Socó, Azeca,

36 Saraim, Aditaim, Gedera e Gederotaim; catorze cidades e as suas aldeias.

37 Zenã, Hadasa, Migdal-Gade,

38 Dileã, Mizpe, Jocteel,

39 Laquis, Bozcate, Erglom,

40 Cabom, Laamás, Quitlis,

41 Gederote, Bete-Dagom, Naama e Maqueda; dezesseis cidades e as suas aldeias.

42 Libna, Eter, Asã,

43 Iftá, Asná, Nezibe,

44 Queila, Aczibe e Maressa; nove cidades e as suas aldeias.

45 Ecrom, com as suas vilas e aldeias;

46 desde Ecrom até o mar, todas as que estão nas adjacências de Asdode, e as suas aldeias;

47 Asdode, com as suas vilas e aldeias; Gaza, com as suas vilas e aldeias, até o rio do Egito, e o mar grande, que serve de termo.

48 E na região montanhosa: Samir, Jatir, Socó,

49 Daná, Quiriate-Saná (que é Debir),

50 Anabe, Estemó, Anim,

51 Gósem Holom e Gilo; onze cidades e as suas aldeias.

52 Arabe, Dumá, Esã,

53 Janim, Bete-Tapua, Afeca,

54 Hunta, Quiriate-Arba (que é Hebrom) e Zior; nove cidades e as suas aldeias.

55 Maom, Carmelo, Zife, Jutá,

56 Jizreel, Jocdeão, Zanoa,

57 Caim, Gibeá e Timna; dez cidades e as suas aldeias.

58 Halul, Bete-Zur, Gedor,

59 Maarate, Bete-Anote e Eltecom; seis cidades e as suas aldeias.

60 Quiriate-Baal (que é Quiriate-Jearim) e Rabá; duas cidades e as suas aldeias.

61 No deserto: Bete-Arabá, Midim, Secaca,

62 Nibsã, a cidade do Sal e En-Gedi; seis cidades e as suas aldeias.

63 Não puderam, porém, os filhos de Judá expulsar os jebuseus que habitavam em Jerusalém; assim ficaram habitando os jebuseus com os filhos de Judá em Jerusalém, até o dia de hoje.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Números 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronômio 2:23

Josué 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Juízes 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1 Samuel 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2 Samuel 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

1 Reis 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2 Reis 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1 Crônicas 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2 Crônicas 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Neemias 11:25, 30

2:11

Cantares de Salomâo 1:14

Isaías 17:5, 27:12

Jeremias 7:31, 19:2

Ezequiel 48:7

Miquéias 1:14, 15

Zacarias 14:10

Významy biblických slov

tribo
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

famílias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

termo
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

sul
'South' denotes truth in light.

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

salgado
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

Ribeiro
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

setentrional
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

para o norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

águas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

jerusalém
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

fonte
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

das águas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

cidades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Efrom
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Timna
'Thimnath,' as in Genesis 38:12, signifies a state of consultatoin for the church.

Calebe
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Meio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

filha
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

irmão
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

jumento
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

água
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

Nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

aldeias
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

Maqueda
'The cave of Makkedah,' as in Joshua 10:28, signifies dire falsity originating in evil.

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

rio
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

carmelo
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

caim
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

Gibeá
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Rabá
Rabbath

duas
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sal
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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