Josué 14

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 Estas, pois, são as heranças que os filhos de Israel receberam na terra de Canaã, as quais Eleazar, o sacerdote, e Josué, filho de Num, e os cabeças das casas paternas das tribos dos filhos de Israel lhes repartiram.

2 Foi feita por sorte a partilha da herança entre as nove tribos e meia, como o Senhor ordenara por intermédio de Moisés.

3 Porquanto às duas tribos e meia Moisés já dera herança além do Jordão; mas aos levitas não deu herança entre eles.

4 Os filhos de José eram duas tribos, Manassés e Efraim; e aos levitas não se deu porção na terra, senão cidades em que habitassem e os arrabaldes delas para o seu gado e para os seus bens. :

5 Como o Senhor ordenara a Moises, assim fizeram os filhos de Israel e repartiram a terra.

6 Então os filhos de Judá chegaram a Josué em Gilgal; e Calebe, filho de Jefoné o quenezeu, lhe disse: Tu sabes o que o Senhor falou a Moisés, homem de Deus, em Cades-Barnéia, a respeito de mim e de ti.

7 Quarenta anos tinha eu quando Moisés, servo do Senhor, me enviou de Cades-Barnéia para espiar a terra, e eu lhe trouxe resposta, como sentia no meu coração.

8 Meus irmãos que subiram comigo fizeram derreter o coraçao o povo; mas eu perseverei em seguir ao Senhor meu Deus.

9 Naquele dia Moisés jurou, dizendo: Certamente a terra em que pisou o teu te será por herança a ti e a teus filhos para sempre, porque perseveraste em seguir ao Senhor meu Deus.

10 E agora eis que o Senhor, como falou, me conservou em vida estes quarentá e cinco anos, desde o tempo em que o Senhor falou esta palavra a Moisés, andando Israel ainda no deserto; e eis que hoje tenho já oitenta e cinco anos;

11 ainda hoje me acho tão forte como no dia em que Moisés me enviou; qual era a minha força então, tal é agora a minha força, tanto para a guerra como para sair e entrar.

12 Agora, pois, -me este monte de que o Senhor falou naquele dia; porque tu ouviste, naquele dia, que estavam ali os anaquins, bem como cidades grandes e fortificadas. Porventura o Senhor será comigo para os expulsar, como ele disse.

13 Então Josué abençoou a Calebe, filho de Jefoné, e lhe deu Hebrom em herança.

14 Portanto Hebrom ficou sendo herança de Calebe, filho de Jefoné o quenezeu, até o dia de hoje, porquanto perseverara em seguir ao Senhor Deus de Israel.

15 Ora, o nome de Hebrom era outrora Quiriate-Arba, porque Arba era o maior homem entre os anaquins. E a terra repousou da guerra.


Exploring the Meaning of Josué 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 35:27, 41:51, 52, 47:7, 10, 48:5

Êxodo 12:28

Números 13:6, 26, 28, 30, 31, 14:1, 8, 9, 24, 34, 38, 26:52, 55, 34:17, 35:2

Deuteronômio 1:28, 36, 9:1, 3, 12:10, 33:1, 25, 34:7

Josué 1:3, 11:21, 23, 12:6, 13:6, 7, 14, 16, 17, 15:13, 16:4, 18:6, 10, 19:51, 21:1, 12

Juízes 1:20

1 Samuel 14:6, 30:31

1 Crônicas 6:4, 41, 23:14

2 Crônicas 15:7

Neemias 11:25

Salmos 37:9

Isaías 40:31

Ezequiel 45:1

Mateus 12:34

Galátas 6:9

Významy biblických slov

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

cabeças
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

duas
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

entre
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

efraim
Efraim foi o segundo filho nascido de José no Egito e foi, junto com seu irmão mais velho Manassés, elevado por Jacó ao mesmo status...

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gado
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Calebe
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

irmãos
Há duas maneiras de se usar "irmão" na Bíblia, maneiras que ainda são refletidas na linguagem moderna. Uma denota uma relação de sangue real; a...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

jurou
'To sware' is a binding.


Os nossos pés são as partes mais baixas do nosso corpo, e são muito úteis! Na Bíblia, os pés representam a parte mais baixa e...

para sempre
Em muitos casos, o uso da "eternidade" na Bíblia é bastante literal, simples significado para sempre. Isto é especialmente verdade quando o texto se refere...

sempre
Em muitos casos, o uso da "eternidade" na Bíblia é bastante literal, simples significado para sempre. Isto é especialmente verdade quando o texto se refere...

cinco
Five also signifies all things of one part.

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Oitenta
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

entrar
Todas as mudanças de lugar na Bíblia representam mudanças no estado espiritual. "Entrar" - geralmente usado como entrar na casa de alguém ou "ir para"...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

maior
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: