Josué 13

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1 Era Josué já velho e avançado em anos, quando lhe disse o Senhor: Já estás velho e avançado em anos, e ainda fica muitíssima terra para se possuir.

2 A terra que ainda fica é esta: todas as regiões dos filisteus, bem como todas as dos gesureus,

3 desde Sior, que está defronte do Egito, até o termo de Ecrom para o norte, que se tem como pertencente aos cananeus; os cinco chefes dos filisteus; o gazeu, o asdodeu, o asqueloneu, o giteu, e o ecroneu; também os aveus;

4 no sul toda a terra, dos cananeus, e Meara, que pertence aos sidônios, até Afeca, até o termo dos amorreus;

5 como também a terra dos Gebalitas, e todo o Líbano para o nascente do sol, desde Baal-Gade, ao pé do monte Hermom, até a entrada de Hamate;

6 todos os habitantes da região montanhosa desde o Líbano até Misrefote-Maim, a saber, todos os sidônios. Eu os lançarei de diante dos filhos de Israel; tão-somente reparte a terra a Israel por herança, como já te mandei.

7 Reparte, pois, agora esta terra por herança às nove tribos, e à meia tribo de Manassés.

8 Com a outra meia tribo os rubenitas e os gaditas já haviam recebido a sua herança do Jordão para o oriente, a qual Moisés, servo do Senhor, lhes tinha dado:

9 desde Aroer, que está à borda do vale do Arnom, e a cidade que está no meio do vale, e todo o planalto de Medeba até Dibom;

10 e todas as cidades de Siom, rei dos amorreus, que reinou em Hesbom, até o termo dos amonitas;

11 e Gileade, e o território dos gesureus e dos maacateus, e todo o monte Hermom, e toda a Basã até Salca;

12 todo o reino de Ogue em Basã, que reinou em Astarote e em Edrei (ele era dos refains que ficaram); pois que Moisés os feriu e expulsou.

13 Contudo os filhos de Israel não expulsaram os gesureus nem os maacateus, os quais ficaram habitando no meio de Israel até o dia de hoje.

14 Tão-somente à tribo de Levi não deu herança; as ofertas queimadas ao Senhor, Deus de Israel, são a sua herança, como lhe tinha dito.

15 Assim Moisés deu herança à tribo dos filhos de Rúben conforme as suas famílias.

16 E foi o seu território desde Aroer, que está à borda do vale do Amom, e a cidade que está no meio do vale, e todo o planalto junto a Medeba;

17 Hesbom, e todas as suas cidades que estão no planalto; Dibom, Bamote-Baal e Bete-Baal-Meom;

18 Jaza, Qa espada até serem consumidos, então todo o Israel

19 Quiriataim, Sibma e Zerete-Saar, no monte do vale;

20 Bete-Peor, as faldas de Pisga e Bete-Jesimote;

21 todas as cidades do planalto, e todo o reino de Siom, rei dos amorreus, que reinou em Hesbom, a quem Moisés feriu juntamente com os príncipes de Midiã: Evi, Requem, Zur, Hur e Reba, príncipes de Siom, que moravam naquela terra.

22 Também ao adivinho Balaão, filho de Beor, os filhos de Israel mataram à espada, juntamente com os demais que por eles foram mortos.

23 E ficou sendo o Jordão o termo dos filhos de Rúben. Essa região, com as suas cidades e aldeias, foi a herança dos filhos de Rúben, segundo as suas famílias.

24 Também deu Moisés herança à tribo de Gade, aos filhos de Gade, segundo as suas famílias.

25 E foi o seu território Jazer, e todas as cidades de Gileade, e metade da terra dos amonitas, até Aroer, que está defronte de Rabá;

26 e desde Hesbom até Ramá-Mizpe, e Betonim, e desde Maanaim até o termo de Debir;

27 e no vale, Bete-Arã, Bete-Ninra, Sucote e Zafom, resto do reino de Siom, rei de Hesbom, tendo o Jordão por termo, até a extremidade do mar de Quinerete, do Jordão para o oriente.

28 Essa região, com as suas cidades e aldeias, foi a herança dos filhos da Gade, segundo as suas famílias.

29 Também deu Moisés herança à meia tribo de Manassés; a qual foi repartida à meia tribo dos filhos de Manassés segundo as suas famílias.

30 Foi o seu território desde Maanaim; toda a Basã, todo o reino de Ogue, rei de Basã, e todas as aldeias de Jair, que estão em Basã, sessenta ao todo;

31 e metade de Gileade, e Astarote, e Edrei, cidades do reino de Ogue, em Basã, foram para os filhos de Maquir, filho de Manassés, isto é, para a metade dos filhos de Maquir, segundo as suas famílias.

32 Isso é o que Moisés repartiu em herança nas planícies de Moabe, do Jordão para o oriente, na altura de Jericó.

33 Contudo, à tribo de Levi Moisés não deu herança; o Senhor, Deus de Israel, é a sua herança, como lhe tinha dito.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

para
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

egito
Na Bíblia, Egito significa conhecimento e o amor ao conhecimento. Em bom sentido, isso significa conhecimento da verdade do Senhor através da Bíblia, mas em...

termo
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

para o norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

cinco
Five also signifies all things of one part.

líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Entrada
Todas as mudanças de lugar na Bíblia representam mudanças no estado espiritual. "Entrar" - geralmente usado como entrar na casa de alguém ou "ir para"...

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cidade
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

reinou
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

Hesbom
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

amonitas
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

feriu
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

tribo
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

famílias
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

midiã
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

Balaão
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

aldeias
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Gade
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

jazer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Metade
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Rabá
Rabbath

Maanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

Sucote
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sessenta
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

Maquir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

Planícies
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

Moabe
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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