Josué 11

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1 Quando Jabim, rei de Hazor, ouviu isso, enviou mensageiros a Jobabe, rei de Madom, e ao rei de Sinrom, e ao rei de Acsafe,

2 e aos reis que estavam ao norte, na região montanhosa, na Arabá ao sul de Quinerote, na baixada, e nos planaltos de Dor ao ocidente;

3 ao cananeu do oriente e do ocidente, ao amorreu, ao heteu, ao perizeu, ao jebuseu na região montanhosa, e ao heveu ao pé de Hermom na terra de Mizpá.

4 Saíram pois eles, com todos os seus exércitos, muito povo, em multidão como a areia que está na praia do mar, e muitíssimos cavalos e carros.

5 Todos esses reis, reunindo-se, vieram e juntos se acamparam às águas de Merom, para pelejarem contra Israel.

6 Disse o Senhor a Josué: Não os temas, pois amanhã a esta hora eu os entregarei todos mortos diante de Israel. Os seus cavalos jarretarás, e os seus carros queimarás a fogo.

7 Josué, pois, com toda a gente de guerra, sobreveio-lhes de repente às águas de Merom, e deu sobre eles.

8 E o Senhor os entregou na mão dos israelitas, que os feriram e os perseguiram até a grande Sidom, e até Misrefote-Maim, e até o vale de Mizpe ao oriente; e feriram-nos até não lhes deixar nem sequer um.

9 Fez-lhes Josué como o Senhor lhe dissera: os seus cavalos jarretou, e os seus carros queimou a fogo.

10 Naquele tempo Josué voltou e tomou também a Hazor, e feriu à espada ao seu rei, porquanto Hazor dantes era a cabeça de todos estes reinos.

11 E passaram ao fio da espada a todos os que nela havia, destruindo-os totalmente; nada restou do que tinha fôlego; e a Hazor ele queimou a fogo.

12 Josué, pois, tomou todas as cidades desses reis, e a eles mesmos, e os passou ao fio da espada, destruindo-os totalmente, como ordenara Moisés, servo do Senhor.

13 Contudo, quanto às cidades que se achavam sobre os seus altos, a nenhuma delas queimou Israel, salvo somente a Hazor; a essa Josué queimou.

14 Mas todos os despojos dessas cidades, e o gado, tomaram-nos os filhos de Israel como presa para si; porém feriram ao fio da espada todos os homens, até os destruírem; nada deixaram do que tinha fôlego de vida.

15 Como o Senhor ordenara a Moisés, seu servo, assim Moisés ordenou a Josué, e assim Josué o fez; não deixou de fazer coisa alguma de tudo o que o Senhor ordenara a Moisés.

16 Assim Josué tomou toda aquela terra, a região montanhosa, todo o Negebe, e toda a terra de Gósem e a baixada, e a Arabá, e a região montanhosa de Israel com a sua baixada,

17 desde o monte Halaque, que sobe a Seir, até Baal-Gade, no vale do Líbano, ao pé do monte Hermom; também tomou todos os seus reis, e os feriu e os matou.

18 Por muito tempo Josué fez guerra contra todos esses reis.

19 Não houve cidade que fizesse paz com os filhos de Israel, senão os heveus, moradores de Gibeão; a todas tomaram à força de armas.

20 Porquanto do Senhor veio o endurecimento dos seus corações para saírem à guerra contra Israel, a fim de que fossem destruídos totalmente, e não achassem piedade alguma, mas fossem exterminados, como o Senhor tinha ordenado a Moisés.

21 Naquele tempo veio Josué, e exterminou os anaquins da região montanhosa de Hebrom, de Debir, de Anabe, de toda a região montanhosa de Judá, e de toda a região montanhosa de Israel; Josué os destruiu totalmente com as suas cidades.

22 Não foi deixado nem sequer um dos anaquins na terra dos filhos de Israel; somente ficaram alguns em Gaza, em Gate, e em Asdode.

23 Assim Josué tomou toda esta terra conforme tudo o que o Senhor tinha dito a Moisés; e Josué a deu em herança a Israel, pelas suas divisões, segundo as suas tribos; e a terra repousou da guerra.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

reis
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sul
'South' denotes truth in light.

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

areia
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

cavalos
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

águas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

amanhã
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israelitas
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

feriu
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

despojos
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

ordenou
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

sobe
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gibeão
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

corações
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

ordenado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

gate
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

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Project | Ages 7 - 14

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Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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