Josué 10

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1 Quando Adoni-Zedeque, rei de Jerusalém, ouviu que Josué tomara a Ai, e a destruíra totalmente (pois este fizera a Ai e ao seu rei como tinha feito a Jericó e ao seu rei), e que os moradores de Gibeão tinham feito paz com os israelitas, e estavam no meio deles,

2 temeu muito, pois Gibeão era uma cidade grande como uma das cidades reais, e era ainda maior do que Ai, e todos os seus homens eram valorosos.

3 Pelo que Adoni-Zedeque, rei de Jerusalém, enviou mensageiros a Hoão, rei de Hebrom, a Pirã, rei de Jarmute, a Jafia, rei de Laquis, e a Debir, rei de Eglom, para lhes dizer:

4 Subi a mim, e ajudai-me; firamos a Gibeão, porquanto fez paz com Josué e com os filhos de Israel.

5 Então se ajuntaram, e subiram cinco reis dos amorreus, o rei de Jerusalém, o rei de Hebrom, o rei de Jarmute, o rei de Laquis, o rei de Eglom, eles e todos os seus exércitos, e sitiaram a Gibeão e pelejaram contra ela.

6 Enviaram, pois, os homens de Gibeão a Josué, ao arraial em Gilgal, a dizer-lhe: Não retires de teus servos a tua mão; sobe apressadamente a nós, e livra-nos, e ajuda-nos, porquanto se ajuntaram contra nós todos os reis dos amorreus, que habitam na região montanhosa.

7 Josué, pois, subiu de Gilgal com toda a gente de guerra e todos os homens valorosos.

8 E o Senhor disse a Josué: Não os temas, porque os entreguei na tua mão; nenhum deles te poderá resistir.

9 E Josué deu de repente sobre eles, tendo marchado a noite toda, subindo de Gilgal;

10 e o Senhor os pôs em desordem diante de Israel, que os desbaratou com grande matança em Gibeão, e os perseguiu pelo caminho que sobe a Bete-Horom, ferindo-os até Azeca e Maqueda.

11 Pois, quando eles iam fugindo de diante de Israel, à descida de Bete-Horom, o Senhor lançou sobre eles, do céu, grandes pedras até Azeca, e eles morreram; e foram mais os que morreram das pedras da saraiva do que os que os filhos de Israel mataram à espada.

12 Então Josué falou ao Senhor, no dia em que o Senhor entregou os amorreus na mão dos filhos de Israel, e disse na presença de Israel: Sol, detém-se sobre Gibeão, e tu, lua, sobre o vale de Aijalom.

13 E o sol se deteve, e a lua parou, até que o povo se vingou de seus inimigos. Não está isto escrito no livro de Jasar? O sol, pois, se deteve no meio do céu, e não se apressou a pôr-se, quase um dia inteiro.

14 E não houve dia semelhante a esse, nem antes nem depois dele, atendendo o Senhor assim à voz dum homem; pois o Senhor pelejava por Israel.

15 Depois voltou Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, ao arraial em Gilgal.

16 Aqueles cinco reis, porém, fugiram e se esconderam na caverna que há em Maqueda.

17 E isto foi anunciado a Josué nestas palavras: Acharam-se os cinco reis escondidos na caverna em Maqueda.

18 Disse, pois, Josué: Arrastai grandes pedras para a boca da caverna, e junto a ela ponde homens que os guardem.

19 Vós, porém, não vos detenhais; persegui os vossos inimigos, matando os que vão ficando atrás; não os deixeis entrar nas suas cidades, porque o Senhor vosso Deus já vo-los entregou nas mãos.

20 Quando Josué e os filhos de Israel acabaram de os ferir com mui grande matança, até serem eles exterminados, e os que ficaram deles se retiraram às cidades fortificadas,

21 todo o povo voltou em paz a Josué, ao arraial em Maqueda. Não havia ninguém que movesse a sua língua contra os filhos de Israel.

22 Depois disse Josué: Abri a boca da caverna, e trazei-me para fora aqueles cinco reis.

23 Fizeram, pois, assim, e trouxeram-lhe aqueles cinco reis para fora da caverna: o rei de Jerusalém, o rei de Hebrom, o rei de Jarmute, o rei de Laquis, e o rei de Eglom.

24 Quando os trouxeram a Josué, este chamou todos os homens de Israel, e disse aos comandantes dos homens de guerra que o haviam acompanhado: Chegai-vos, ponde os pés sobre os pescoços destes reis. E eles se chegaram e puseram os pés sobre os pescoços deles.

25 Então Josué lhes disse: Não temais, nem vos atemorizeis; esforçai-vos e tende bom ânimo, porque assim fará o Senhor a todos os vossos inimigos, contra os quais haveis de pelejar.

26 Depois disto Josué os feriu, e os matou, e os pendurou em cinco madeiros, onde ficaram pendurados até a tarde.

27 Ao pôr do sol, por ordem de Josué, tiraram-nos dos madeiros, lançaram-nos na caverna em que se haviam escondido, e puseram à boca da mesma grandes pedras, que ainda ali estão até o dia de hoje.

28 Naquele mesmo dia Josué tomou a Maqueda, e feriu-a a fio de espada, bem como a seu rei; totalmente os destruiu com todos os que nela havia, sem deixar ali nem sequer um. Fez, pois, ao rei de Maqueda como fizera ao rei de Jericó.

29 De Maqueda, Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, passou a Libna, e pelejou contra ela.

30 E a esta também, e a seu rei, o Senhor entregou na mão de Israel, que a feriu a fio de espada com todos os que nela havia, sem deixar ali nem sequer um. Fez, pois, ao seu rei como fizera ao rei de Jericó.

31 De Libna, Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, passou a Laquis, e a sitiou, e pelejou contra ela.

32 O Senhor entregou também a Laquis na mão de Israel, que a tomou no segundo dia, e a feriu a fio de espada com todos os que nela havia, conforme tudo o que fizera a Libna.

33 Então Horão, rei de Gezer, subiu para ajudar a Laquis; porém Josué o feriu, a ele e ao seu povo, até não lhe deixar nem sequer um.

34 De Laquis, Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, passou a Eglom, e a sitiaram, e pelejaram contra ela,

35 e no mesmo dia a tomaram, ferindo-a a fio de espada; destruiu totalmente nesse mesmo dia todos os que nela estavam, conforme tudo o que fizera a Laquis.

36 De Eglom, Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, subiu a Hebrom; pelejaram contra ela,

37 tomaram-na, e a feriram ao fio da espada, bem como ao seu rei, e a todas as suas cidades, com todos os que nelas havia. A ninguém deixou com vida, mas, conforme tudo o que fizera a Eglom, a destruiu totalmente, com todos os que nela havia.

38 Então Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, voltou a Debir, pelejou contra ela,

39 e a tomou com o seu rei e com todas as suas cidades; feriu-as a fio de espada, e a todos os que nelas havia destruiu totalmente, não deixando nem sequer um. Como fizera a Hebrom, e como fizera também a Libna e ao seu rei, assim fez a Debir e ao seu rei.

40 Assim feriu Josué toda aquela terra, a região montanhosa, o Negebe, a baixada, e as faldas das montanhas, e a todos os seus reis. Não deixou nem sequer um; mas a tudo o que tinha fôlego destruiu totalmente, como ordenara o Senhor, o Deus de Israel:

41 Assim Josué os feriu desde Cades-Barnéia até Gaza, como também toda a terra de Gósem, até Gibeão.

42 E de uma só vez tomou Josué todos esses reis e a sua terra, porquanto o Senhor, o Deus de Israel, pelejava por Israel.

43 Então Josué, e todo o Israel com ele, voltou ao arraial em Gilgal.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doutrina de Escritura Santa 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Významy biblických slov

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

jerusalém
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

ouviu
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

gibeão
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

israelitas
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

cidades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

maior
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

cinco
Five also signifies all things of one part.

reis
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

dizer
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Maqueda
'The cave of Makkedah,' as in Joshua 10:28, signifies dire falsity originating in evil.

fugindo
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

céu
Céus são coisas celestiais e espirituais. Consequentemente, eles são coisas íntimas, tanto do reino do Senhor no céu quanto na terra. Isto também se refere...

pedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

saraiva
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Lua
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Aijalom
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

inimigos
Um inimigo na Bíblia se refere a pessoas que estão no amor ao mal e ao falso pensamento que brota do mal. Em um nível...

escrito
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

livro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

um dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

antes
Na maioria dos casos, o significado de "antes" é bastante simples, tanto como uma forma de avaliar o tempo relativo, como na sua utilização significa...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ficando
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

atrás
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

entrar
Todas as mudanças de lugar na Bíblia representam mudanças no estado espiritual. "Entrar" - geralmente usado como entrar na casa de alguém ou "ir para"...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

língua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

chamou
Chamar alguém ou invocar alguém na Bíblia representa um desejo de conjunção entre estados superiores e inferiores da vida. Por exemplo, imagine alguém em um...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

pés
Os nossos pés são as partes mais baixas do nosso corpo, e são muito úteis! Na Bíblia, os pés representam a parte mais baixa e...

pescoços
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

feriu
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Tarde
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

ordem
Ordenar é dar uma ordem que algo deve ser feito, e é dirigido a um indivíduo, ou a um grupo. É um imperativo, não uma...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

montanhas
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

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