Gênesis 47

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1 Então veio José, e informou a Faraó, dizendo: Meu pai e meus irmãos, com seus rebanhos e seu gado, e tudo o que têm, chegaram da terra de Canaã e estão na terra de Gósen.

2 E tomou dentre seus irmãos cinco homens e os apresentou a Faraó.

3 Então perguntou Faraó a esses irmãos de José: Que ocupação é a vossa; Responderam-lhe: Nós, teus servos, somos pastores de ovelhas, tanto nós como nossos pais.

4 Disseram mais a Faraó: Viemos para peregrinar nesta terra; porque não há pasto para os rebanhos de teus servos, porquanto a fome é grave na terra de Canaã; agora, pois, rogamos-te permitas que teus servos habitem na terra de Gósen.

5 Então falou Faraó a José, dizendo: Teu pai e teus irmãos vieram a ti;

6 a terra do Egito está diante de ti; no melhor da terra faze habitar teu pai e teus irmãos; habitem na terra de Gósen. E se sabes que entre eles hà homens capazes, põe-nos sobre os pastores do meu gado.

7 Também José introduziu a Jacó, seu pai, e o apresentou a Faraó; e Jacó abençoou a Faraó.

8 Então perguntou Faraó a Jacó: Quantos são os dias dos anos da tua vida?

9 Respondeu-lhe Jacó: Os dias dos anos das minhas peregrinações são cento e trinta anos; poucos e maus têm sido os dias dos anos da minha vida, e não chegaram aos dias dos anos da vida de meus pais nos dias das suas peregrinações.

10 E Jacó abençoou a Faraó, e saiu da sua presença.

11 José, pois, estabeleceu a seu pai e seus irmãos, dando-lhes possessão na terra do Egito, no melhor da terra, na terra de Ramessés, como Faraó ordenara.

12 E José sustentou de pão seu pai, seus irmãos e toda a casa de seu pai, segundo o número de seus filhos.

13 Ora, não havia pão em toda a terra, porque a fome era mui grave; de modo que a terra do Egito e a terra de Canaã desfaleciam por causa da fome.

14 Então José recolheu todo o dinheiro que se achou na terra do Egito, e na terra de Canaã, pelo trigo que compravam; e José trouxe o dinheiro à casa de Faraó.

15 Quando se acabou o dinheiro na terra do Egito, e na terra de Canaã, vieram todos os egípcios a José, dizendo: Dà-nos pão; por que morreremos na tua presença? porquanto o dinheiro nos falta.

16 Respondeu José: Trazei o vosso gado, e vo-lo darei por vosso gado, se falta o dinheiro.

17 Então trouxeram o seu gado a José; e José deu-lhes pão em troca dos cavalos, e das ovelhas, e dos bois, e dos jumentos; e os sustentou de pão aquele ano em troca de todo o seu gado.

18 Findo aquele ano, vieram a José no ano seguinte e disseram-lhe: Não ocultaremos ao meu senhor que o nosso dinheiro está todo gasto; as manadas de gado jà pertencem a meu senhor; e nada resta diante de meu senhor, senão o nosso corpo e a nossa terra;

19 por que morreremos diante dos teus olhos, tanto nós como a nossa terra? Compra-nos a nós e a nossa terra em troca de pão, e nós e a nossa terra seremos servos de Faraó; -nos também semente, para que vivamos e não morramos, e para que a terra não fique desolada.

20 Assim José comprou toda a terra do Egito para Faraó; porque os egípcios venderam cada um o seu campo, porquanto a fome lhes era grave em extremo; e a terra ficou sendo de Faraó.

21 Quanto ao povo, José fê-lo passar às cidades, desde uma até a outra extremidade dos confins do Egito.

22 Somente a terra dos sacerdotes não a comprou, porquanto os sacerdotes tinham rações de Faraó, e eles comiam as suas rações que Faraó lhes havia dado; por isso não venderam a sua terra.

23 Então disse José ao povo: Hoje vos tenho comprado a vós e a vossa terra para Faraó; eis aí tendes semente para vós, para que semeeis a terra.

24 Há de ser, porém, que no tempo as colheitas dareis a quinta parte a Faraó, e quatro partes serão vossas, para semente do campo, e para o vosso mantimento e dos que estão nas vossas casas, e para o mantimento de vossos filhinho.

25 Responderam eles: Tu nos tens conservado a vida! achemos graça aos olhos de meu senhor, e seremos servos de Faraó.

26 José, pois, estabeleceu isto por estatuto quanto ao solo do Egito, até o dia de hoje, que a Faraó coubesse o quinto a produção; somente a terra dos sacerdotes não ficou sendo de Faraó.

27 Assim habitou Israel na terra do Egito, na terra de Gósen; e nela adquiriram propriedades, e frutificaram e multiplicaram-se muito.

28 E Jacó viveu na terra do Egito dezessete anos; de modo que os dias de Jacó, os anos da sua vida, foram cento e quarenta e sete anos.

29 Quando se aproximava o tempo da morte de Israel, chamou ele a José, seu filho, e disse-lhe: Se tenho achado graça aos teus olhos, põe a mão debaixo da minha coxa, e usa para comigo de benevolência e de verdade: rogo-te que não me enterres no Egito;

30 mas quando eu dormir com os meus pais, levar-me-ás do Egito e enterrar-me-ás junto à sepultura deles. Respondeu José: Farei conforme a tua palavra.

31 E Jacó disse: Jura-me; e ele lhe jurou. Então Israel inclinou-se sobre a cabeceira da cama.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Gênesis 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 6059, 6060, 6061, 6069, 6070, 6071, 6088, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1463, 2838, 2916, 4286, 5973, 6062, 6063, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 137


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 548

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 14:19, 20, 21, 24:2, 25:7, 9, 28:22, 32:6, 41:30, 34, 36, 56, 57, 45:7, 10, 11, 18, 20, 46:3, 31, 33, 47:9, 28, 48:21, 50:5, 21, 24, 25

Êxodo 1:11, 12:37

Levítico 27:30

Números 18:21, 33:3

Deuteronômio 14:22, 26:12, 31:14, 16

Josué 2:14, 14:13, 23:14

1 Reis 1:47, 2:1

1 Crônicas 29:15

Esdras 7:24

Neemias 5:2

2:4, 14:1

Salmos 39:13

Provérbios 11:26

Isaías 22:24

Hebreus 11:13, 21

Tiago 4:14

Významy biblických slov

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

faraó
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

pai
Pai na Palavra significa o que é mais interior, e nas coisas que estão seguindo a ordem do Senhor, significa o que é bom. No...

irmãos
Há duas maneiras de se usar "irmão" na Bíblia, maneiras que ainda são refletidas na linguagem moderna. Uma denota uma relação de sangue real; a...

rebanhos
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Gósen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

cinco
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

pastores
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

Pais
Pai na Palavra significa o que é mais interior, e nas coisas que estão seguindo a ordem do Senhor, significa o que é bom. No...

pasto
Plants in the Bible generally represent facts, knowledge that can be gleaned from the world. Plants that can serve animals as food represent facts that...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

egito
Na Bíblia, Egito significa conhecimento e o amor ao conhecimento. Em bom sentido, isso significa conhecimento da verdade do Senhor através da Bíblia, mas em...

habitar
Muitas pessoas eram nômades nos tempos bíblicos, especialmente nos tempos do Antigo Testamento, e viviam em tendas que podiam ser atingidas, movidas e erguidas de...

gado
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

jacó
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

trinta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

dando
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

pão
A palavra "pão" é usada de duas maneiras na Bíblia. Em alguns casos, significa pão real; em outros, significa comida em geral. Olhando para os...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

dinheiro
'Money' relates to truth.

egípcios
Na Bíblia, Egito significa conhecimento e o amor ao conhecimento. Em bom sentido, isso significa conhecimento da verdade do Senhor através da Bíblia, mas em...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

cavalos
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

senhor
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

olhos
É comum dizer "eu vejo" quando entendemos algo. E de fato, "ver" na Bíblia representa agarrar e entender coisas espirituais. Portanto, faz sentido que os...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

semente
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

campo
Um "campo" na Bíblia geralmente representa a igreja do Senhor, e mais especificamente o desejo de bem dentro da igreja. É onde as coisas boas...

Passar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

cidades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

quinta
To take a fifth part signifies to make remains.

quatro
O número "quatro" na Bíblia representa coisas que estão ligadas entre si ou unidas. Isto é em parte porque quatro é duas vezes dois, e...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

habitou
Muitas pessoas eram nômades nos tempos bíblicos, especialmente nos tempos do Antigo Testamento, e viviam em tendas que podiam ser atingidas, movidas e erguidas de...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dezessete
'Seventeen' signifies both the beginning and the end of temptation, because it is made up of the numbers seven and ten. This number, when it...

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

chamou
Chamar alguém ou invocar alguém na Bíblia representa um desejo de conjunção entre estados superiores e inferiores da vida. Por exemplo, imagine alguém em um...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

coxa
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

verdade
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jurou
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

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 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Submission to the Lord's Plan
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18


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