Gênesis 42

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1 Ora, Jacó soube que havia trigo no Egito, e disse a seus filhos: Por que estais olhando uns para os outros?

2 Disse mais: Tenho ouvido que há trigo no Egito; descei até lá, e de lá comprai-o para nós, a fim de que vivamos e não morramos.

3 Então desceram os dez irmãos de José, para comprarem trigo no Egito.

4 Mas a Benjamim, irmão de José, não enviou Jacó com os seus irmãos, pois disse: Para que, porventura, não lhe suceda algum desastre.

5 Assim entre os que iam lá, foram os filhos de Israel para comprar, porque havia fome na terra de Canaã.

6 José era o governador da terra; era ele quem vendia a todo o povo da terra; e vindo os irmãos de José, prostraram-se diante dele com o rosto em terra.

7 José, vendo seus irmãos, reconheceu-os; mas portou-se como estranho para com eles, falou-lhes asperamente e perguntou-lhes: Donde vindes? Responderam eles: Da terra de Canaã, para comprarmos mantimento.

8 José, pois, reconheceu seus irmãos, mas eles não o reconheceram.

9 Lembrou-se então José dos sonhos que tivera a respeito deles, e disse-lhes: Vós sois espias, e viestes para ver a nudez da terra.

10 Responderam-lhe eles: Não, senhor meu; mas teus servos vieram comprar mantimento.

11 Nós somos todos filhos de um mesmo homem; somos homens de retidão; os teus servos não são espias.

12 Replicou-lhes: Não; antes viestes para ver a nudez da terra.

13 Mas eles disseram: Nós, teus servos, somos doze irmãos, filhos de um homem da terra de Canaã; o mais novo está hoje com nosso pai, e outro já não existe.

14 Respondeu-lhe José: É assim como vos disse; sois espias.

15 Nisto sereis provados: Pela vida de Faraó, não saireis daqui, a menos que venha para cá vosso irmão mais novo.

16 Enviai um dentre vós, que traga vosso irmão, mas vós ficareis presos, a fim de serem provadas as vossas palavras, se há verdade convosco; e se não, pela vida de Faraó, vós sois espias.

17 E meteu-os juntos na prisão por três dias.

18 Ao terceiro dia disse-lhes José: Fazei isso, e vivereis; porque eu temo a Deus.

19 Se sois homens de retidão, que fique um dos irmãos preso na casa da vossa prisão; mas ide vós, levai trigo para a fome de vossas casas,

20 e trazei-me o vosso irmão mais novo; assim serão verificadas vossas palavras, e não morrereis. E eles assim fizeram.

21 Então disseram uns aos outros: Nós, na verdade, somos culpados no tocante a nosso irmão, porquanto vimos a angústia da sua alma, quando nos rogava, e não o quisemos atender; é por isso que vem sobre nós esta angústia.

22 Respondeu-lhes Rúben: Não vos dizia eu: Não pequeis contra o menino; Mas não quisestes ouvir; por isso agora é requerido de nós o seu sangue.

23 E eles não sabiam que José os entendia, porque havia intérprete entre eles.

24 Nisto José se retirou deles e chorou. Depois tornou a eles, falou-lhes, e tomou a Simeão dentre eles, e o amarrou perante os seus olhos.

25 Então ordenou José que lhes enchessem de trigo os sacos, que lhes restituíssem o dinheiro a cada um no seu saco, e lhes dessem provisões para o caminho. E assim lhes foi feito.

26 Eles, pois, carregaram o trigo sobre os seus jumentos, e partiram dali.

27 Quando um deles abriu o saco, para dar forragem ao seu jumento na estalagem, viu o seu dinheiro, pois estava na boca do saco.

28 E disse a seus irmãos: Meu dinheiro foi-me devolvido; ei-lo aqui no saco. Então lhes desfaleceu o coração e, tremendo, viravam-se uns para os outros, dizendo: Que é isto que Deus nos tem feito?

29 Depois vieram para Jacó, seu pai, na terra de Canaã, e contaram-lhe tudo o que lhes acontecera, dizendo:

30 O homem, o senhor da terra, falou-nos asperamente, e tratou-nos como espias da terra;

31 mas dissemos-lhe: Somos homens de retidão; não somos espias;

32 somos doze irmãos, filhos de nosso pai; um já não existe e o mais novo está hoje com nosso pai na terra de Canaã.

33 Respondeu-nos o homem, o senhor da terra: Nisto conhecerei que vós sois homens de retidão: Deixai comigo um de vossos irmãos, levai trigo para a fome de vossas casas, e parti,

34 e trazei-me vosso irmão mais novo; assim saberei que não sois espias, mas homens de retidão; então vos entregarei o vosso irmão e negociareis na terra.

35 E aconteceu que, despejando eles os sacos, eis que o pacote de dinheiro de cada um estava no seu saco; quando eles e seu pai viram os seus pacotes de dinheiro, tiveram medo.

36 Então Jacó, seu pai, disse-lhes: Tendes-me desfilhado; José já não existe, e não existe Simeão, e haveis de levar Benjamim! Todas estas coisas vieram sobre mim.

37 Mas Rúben falou a seu pai, dizendo: Mata os meus dois filhos, se eu to não tornar a trazer; entrega-o em minha mão, e to tornarei a trazer.

38 Ele porém disse: Não descerá meu filho convosco; porquanto o seu irmão é morto, e só ele ficou. Se lhe suceder algum desastre pelo caminho em que fordes, fareis descer minhas cãs com tristeza ao Seol.

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Významy biblických slov

jacó
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

trigo
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

irmãos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

benjamim
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

irmão
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

entre
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

lembrou
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

sonhos
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

nudez
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

senhor
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

faraó
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

venha
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

verdade
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

terceiro
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

vem
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

ouvir
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

sangue
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

Simeão
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

ordenou
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Saco
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

dinheiro
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

forragem
'Provender' signifies the good of scientific truths. 'To give provender to his donkey,' as in Genesis 42:27, signifies reflection upon scientific ideas, because 'provender' is...

jumento
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

coração
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Pacotes
A bundle (Gen. 42:3) signifies orderly arrangement, because the truths ap­pertaining to man are disposed and arranged into series: those which are in the greatest...

Medo
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

trazer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

descer
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Morto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

tristeza
'The woman condemned to 'bring forth sons in sorrow' denotes the anxieties and combats in the production of truths.

seol
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

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 Dramatize the Story of Joseph Receiving His Brothers
Retell the story or read selected portions from the Word as the children dramatize the story of the brothers going to Egypt and being reunited with Joseph. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Food for the Soul
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Good and Bad Times
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out the story of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a sack and show that it has both grain and money in it, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out a script of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a Lord's Prayer book (video demonstration), scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between appearance and reality, read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between civil, moral and spiritual judgments in "You Are Spies!", read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 Sacks of Grain from Egypt
This project involves either letting the children make small sacks out of felt or making the sacks ahead of time and then using them to dramatize the story.
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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