Gênesis 37

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Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 Jacó habitava na terra das peregrinações de seu pai, na terra de Canaã.

2 Estas são as gerações de Jacó. José, aos dezessete anos de idade, estava com seus irmãos apascentando os rebanhos; sendo ainda jovem, andava com os filhos de Bila, e com os filhos de Zilpa, mulheres de seu pai; e José trazia a seu pai más notícias a respeito deles.

3 Israel amava mais a José do que a todos os seus filhos, porque era filho da sua velhice; e fez-lhe uma túnica de várias cores.

4 Vendo, pois, seus irmãos que seu pai o amava mais do que a todos eles, odiavam-no, e não lhe podiam falar pacificamente.

5 José teve um sonho, que contou a seus irmãos; por isso o odiaram ainda mais.

6 Pois ele lhes disse: Ouvi, peço-vos, este sonho que tive:

7 Estávamos nós atando molhos no campo, e eis que o meu molho, levantando-se, ficou em pé; e os vossos molhos o rodeavam, e se inclinavam ao meu molho.

8 Responderam-lhe seus irmãos: Tu pois, deveras reinarás sobre nós? Tu deveras terás domínio sobre nós? Por isso ainda mais o odiavam por causa dos seus sonhos e das suas palavras.

9 Teve José outro sonho, e o contou a seus irmãos, dizendo: Tive ainda outro sonho; e eis que o sol, e a lua, e onze estrelas se inclinavam perante mim.

10 Quando o contou a seu pai e a seus irmãos, repreendeu-o seu pai, e disse-lhe: Que sonho é esse que tiveste? Porventura viremos, eu e tua mãe, e teus irmãos, a inclinar-nos com o rosto em terra diante de ti?

11 Seus irmãos, pois, o invejavam; mas seu pai guardava o caso no seu coração.

12 Ora, foram seus irmãos apascentar o rebanho de seu pai, em Siquém.

13 Disse, pois, Israel a José: Não apascentam teus irmãos o rebanho em Siquém? Vem, e enviar-te-ei a eles. Respondeu-lhe José: Eis-me aqui.

14 Disse-lhe Israel: Vai, se vão bem teus irmãos, e o rebanho; e traze-me resposta. Assim o enviou do vale de Hebrom; e José foi a Siquém.

15 E um homem encontrou a José, que andava errante pelo campo, e perguntou-lhe: Que procuras?

16 Respondeu ele: Estou procurando meus irmãos; dize-me, peço-te, onde apascentam eles o rebanho.

17 Disse o homem: Foram-se daqui; pois ouvi-lhes dizer: Vamos a Dotã. José, pois, seguiu seus irmãos, e os achou em Dotã.

18 Eles o viram de longe e, antes que chegasse aonde estavam, conspiraram contra ele, para o matarem,

19 dizendo uns aos outros: Eis que lá vem o sonhador!

20 Vinde pois agora, fmatemo-lo e lancemo-lo numa das covas; e diremos: uma besta-fera o devorou. Veremos, então, o que será dos seus sonhos.

21 Mas Rúben, ouvindo isso, livrou-o das mãos deles, dizendo: Não lhe tiremos a vida.

22 Também lhes disse Rúben: Não derrameis sangue; lançai-o nesta cova, que está no deserto, e não lanceis mão nele. Disse isto para livrá-lo das mãos deles, a fim de restituí-lo a seu pai.

23 Logo que José chegou a seus irmãos, estes o despiram da sua túnica, a túnica de várias cores, que ele trazia;

24 e tomando-o, lançaram-no na cova; mas a cova estava vazia, não havia água nela.

25 Depois sentaram-se para comer; e, levantando os olhos, viram uma caravana de ismaelitas que vinha de Gileade; nos seus camelos traziam tragacanto, bálsamo e mirra, que iam levar ao Egito.

26 Disse Judá a seus irmãos: De que nos aproveita matar nosso irmão e encobrir o seu sangue?

27 Vinde, vendamo-lo a esses ismaelitas, e não seja nossa mão sobre ele; porque é nosso irmao, nossa carne. E escutaram-no seus irmãos.

28 Ao passarem os negociantes midianitas, tiraram José, alçando-o da cova, e venderam-no por vinte siclos de prata aos ismaelitas, os quais o levaram para o Egito.

29 Ora, Rúben voltou à cova, e eis que José não estava na cova; pelo que rasgou as suas vestes

30 e, tornando a seus irmãos, disse: O menino não aparece; e eu, aonde irei?

31 Tomaram, então, a túnica de José, mataram um cabrito, e tingiram a túnica no sangue.

32 Enviaram a túnica de várias cores, mandando levá-la a seu pai e dizer-lhe: Achamos esta túnica; vê se é a túnica de teu filho, ou não.

33 Ele a reconheceu e exclamou: A túnica de meu filho! uma besta-fera o devorou; certamente José foi despedaçado.

34 Então Jacó rasgou as suas vestes, e pôs saco sobre os seus lombos e lamentou seu filho por muitos dias.

35 E levantaram-se todos os seus filhos e todas as suas filhas, para o consolarem; ele, porém, recusou ser consolado, e disse: Na verdade, com choro hei de descer para meu filho até o Seol. Assim o chorou seu pai.

36 Os midianitas venderam José no Egito a Potifar, oficial de Faraó, capitão da guarda.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 37      

Napsal(a) Joe David

The stories in the Old Testament foreshadow future events -- not so much historical events, but changes in the spiritual states of humankind.

In the inner meaning, the story of Jacob, and his twelve sons, and Joseph and his dreams, deals with people's eventual rejection of the Divine truths that they would receive from the Lord in the Christian church, and their acceptance of falsities instead.

Specifically, this chapter is about the way that some theologians in the Christian church developed the idea of salvation by faith alone, when the Lord really wants us to conjoin faith and charity in our lives.

This seems like a stretch - that a story from 3500+ years ago could be foreshadowing modern theological arguments. And yet, human beings, as partly-spiritual creatures, are always players in a big, long spiritual story - and the Old Testament stories are archetypes for things we wrestle with in our own lives. For the details of this story's meaning, look at Arcana Coelestia 4665, and the following passages.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 4665, 4666, 4668, 4675, 4678, 4679, 4680, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 755, 1463, 1616, 2909, 3242, 3263, 4286, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 351

True Christian Religion 727


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 434, 448, 637, 654, 750

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

jacó
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

dezessete
'Seventeen' signifies both the beginning and the end of temptation, because it is made up of the numbers seven and ten. This number, when it...

irmãos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

rebanhos
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

jovem
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

mulheres
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

túnica
A coat, as in Matthew 10:10, signifies interior natural truth, or truth of the natural principle. The Lord's coat without seam, woven from above throughout...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

falar
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sonho
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

sonhos
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Lua
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

estrelas
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Rebanho
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

siquém
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

enviar
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Hebrom
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

dizer
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

vem
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sonhador
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

rúben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Cova
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

comer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Ismaelitas
'Ishmaelites' represent people who are in simple good of life, and thence in natural truth regarding doctrine.

camelos
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

bálsamo
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

Egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

irmão
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

vestes
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

saco
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

lombos
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

lamentou
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

muitos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

filhas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

consolado
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

descer
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

seol
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

faraó
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

capitão
'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

guarda
‘To guard,’ when used as in Genesis 41:35, denotes ‘to store up.’ ‘Guards,’ as in Genesis 37:36, signify things that minister.

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 Correspondences of Color
Illustrations of three stories in the Word that mention colors. (Quotations are the King James translation.)
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Family Worship: The Joseph Story
Religion Lesson | All Ages

 Jacob’s Sons
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph and His Brothers
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Joseph and His Brothers
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 Joseph and His Brothers
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph and His Brothers
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph and His Brothers
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph and His Coat
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph and the Coat of Many Colors
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph Is Given a Coat of Many Colors
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph Is Sold
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph's Coat
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph’s Coat of Many Colors
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph's Coat (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Joseph's Dreams - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: make sun, moon, and stars pieces and act out Joseph's first dream; learn an action rhyme about Joseph's second dream with video demonstration; scripted story discussion; coloring picture; and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Dreams - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: play a card game matching talents and needs; make a diorama of the sun, moon, and stars bowing down to Joseph; scripted story discussion; coloring picture; and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Dreams - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: watch and discuss a video about Joseph's Brothers in Your Head, learn what Joseph represents and make a folding star to show how we can seek to be like Joseph, read and reflect on a door handle sign about listening to your dreams, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Dreams - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: watch and discuss a video about Joseph's Brothers in Your Head, act out scenarios in pairs to practice behaving with integrity, read and reflect on a door handle sign about listening to your dreams, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Sold into Slavery
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Joseph the Favorite
Joseph's brothers are jealous of him and sell him into slavery.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 The Coat of Many Colors
In reality, the majority of our persecutions come from within ourselves. Evil spirits attack us by stirring up selfish tendencies and attitudes.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Story of Joseph
Examining the life and character of Joseph teaches us about how the Lord leads each of our lives.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Is True Wisdom?
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 When an Evil Person Touches the Word
Shows what happens when an evil person in the spiritual world tries to touch the Word. 
Project | Ages up to 10


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