Êxodo 20

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Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 Então falou Deus todas estas palavras, dizendo:

2 Eu sou o Senhor teu Deus, que te tirei da terra do Egito, da casa da servidão.

3 Não terás outros deuses diante de mim.

4 Não farás para ti imagem esculpida, nem figura alguma do que há em cima no céu, nem em baixo na terra, nem nas águas debaixo da terra.

5 Não te encurvarás diante delas, nem as servirás; porque eu, o Senhor teu Deus, sou Deus zeloso, que visito a iniqüidade dos pais nos filhos até a terceira e quarta geração daqueles que me odeiam.

6 e uso de misericórdia com milhares dos que me amam e guardam os meus mandamentos.

7 Não tomarás o nome do Senhor teu Deus em vão; porque o Senhor não terá por inocente aquele que tomar o seu nome em vão.

8 Lembra-te do dia do sábado, para o santificar.

9 Seis dias trabalharás, e farás todo o teu trabalho;

10 mas o sétimo dia é o sábado do Senhor teu Deus. Nesse dia não farás trabalho algum, nem tu, nem teu filho, nem tua filha, nem o teu servo, nem a tua serva, nem o teu animal, nem o estrangeiro que está dentro das tuas portas.

11 Porque em seis dias fez o Senhor o céu e a terra, o mar e tudo o que neles há, e ao sétimo dia descansou; por isso o Senhor abençoou o dia do sábado, e o santificou.

12 Honra a teu pai e a tua mãe, para que se prolonguem os teus dias na terra que o Senhor teu Deus te .

13 Não matarás.

14 Não adulterarás.

15 Não furtarás.

16 Não dirás falso testemunho contra o teu proximo.

17 Não cobiçarás a casa do teu próximo, não cobiçarás a mulher do teu próximo, nem o seu servo, nem a sua serva, nem o seu boi, nem o seu jumento, nem coisa alguma do teu próximo.

18 Ora, todo o povo presenciava os trovões, e os relâmpagos, e o sonido da buzina, e o monte a fumegar; e o povo, vendo isso, estremeceu e pôs-se de longe.

19 E disseram a Moisés: Fala-nos tu mesmo, e ouviremos; mas não fale Deus conosco, para que não morramos.

20 Respondeu Moisés ao povo: Não temais, porque Deus veio para vos provar, e para que o seu temor esteja diante de vós, a fim de que não pequeis.

21 Assim o povo estava em pé de longe; Moisés, porém, se chegou às trevas espessas onde Deus estava.

22 Então disse o Senhor a Moisés: Assim dirás aos filhos de Israel: Vós tendes visto que do céu eu vos falei.

23 Não fareis outros deuses comigo; deuses de prata, ou deuses de ouro, não os fareis para vós.

24 um altar de terra me farás, e sobre ele sacrificarás os teus holocaustos, e as tuas ofertas pacíficas, as tuas ovelhas e os teus bois. Em todo lugar em que eu fizer recordar o meu nome, virei a ti e te abençoarei.

25 E se me fizeres um altar de pedras, não o construirás de pedras lavradas; pois se sobre ele levantares o teu buril, profaná-lo-ás.

26 Também não subirás ao meu altar por degraus, para que não seja ali exposta a tua nudez.

← Êxodo 19   Êxodo 21 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 8753, 8859, 8860, 8861, 8862, 8863, 8864, ...

Apocalypse Explained 405


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 1298, 1551, 1754, 2009, 2332, 2575, 2826, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 213, 392, 457, 474, 601, 847

Divina Providência 230

Doutrina Do Senhor 59

Doutrina de Vida 59

True Christianity 9, 284, 291, 301, 305, 309, 313, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 78, 240, 304, 391, 504, 532, 539, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 35, 43, 49

Marriage 9

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Deus
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Imagem
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

céu
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

baixo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

águas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

iniqüidade
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

misericórdia
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

milhares
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

lembra
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Sábado
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

santificar
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

trabalho
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

filha
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

serva
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

animal
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

estrangeiro
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

portas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

honra
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

jumento
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

trovões
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

buzina
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

fala
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

ouro
'Money' relates to truth.

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

pedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

nudez
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

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How to Find Lasting Inner Peace

If the goal is peace, what's the pathway? The commandment on remembering the Sabbath can help . . . in more ways than you'd expect.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 A Day of Rest
In the New Church we are told that when we are trying to be loving and kind to other people, then the Lord is at rest. And this is the real Sabbath.
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 6

 Does the Lord Forgive?
Lesson and activities looking at the Lord's love and mercy in forgiving us.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Forgiveness and Mercy
The Lord forgives sins, because He is mercy itself. To receive forgiveness a person must admit wrongdoing, stop doing evil, and begin a new life.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 For Reflection: A Perfect Sabbath
Think about ways to look to the Lord and also get some rest and recreation as you celebrate the Sabbath day.
Activity | Ages over 4

 His Life Within You
The first commandment calls us to commit our life to the Lord, to delight in knowing Him and in feeling His life within us.
Article | Ages over 15

 Honor Your Father and Your Mother
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 I Am the Lord Your God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Identify and Name False Gods
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Memory Verse: Holy Is His Name
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Keeping the Sabbath
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Love Me Keep My Commandments
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: The Lord Our God
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Worship of the Heart
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Moses Receiving the Ten Commandments
Color and cut out the pieces to assemble a project showing Moses receiving the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 No Other Gods
The first commandment tells us that we should worship the one true God and have no other Gods before Him. This sounds simple enough. Who would bow before a carved image or worship an idol? The fact is, we all do. The First Commandment is as important for us today as it ever was.
Worship Talk | Ages 15 - 17

 Our Covenant with God
A covenant is a promise made between two or more people. New Church teachings explain how keeping covenant joins a person with the Lord.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Our Covenant with the Lord
Lesson and activities exploring our covenant with the Lord and how we can respond to His love.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Overview of Lead and Guide Us Levels A B C for Ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Lead and Guide Us", Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14. Suitable for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Picture the Giving of the Ten Commandments
Make a picture of Moses bringing the two tablets of stone down Mount Sinai to help you focus on the miraculous way the Lord gave us the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of the Lord
Look at colored pictures of stories from the Word. Using a word bank, identify the quality of the Lord shown in each picture.
Project | Ages 9 - 14

 Quotes: Holy Is His Name
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: Keeping the Sabbath
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: Love Me and Keep My Commandments
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: The Lord Our God
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Remember the Sabbath
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Resting in the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Sensual Pleasure and Delights
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Taking the Lord's Name in Vain
Might you be coming close to taking the Lord's name in vain without even realizing it? 
Activity | Ages 11 - 17

 The Eighth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Fifth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The First Commandment
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Fourth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Function of Wings
Compare the function of a bird's wings with how the Ten Commandments - and other parts of the Lord's Word - help us.
Activity | Ages 7 - 17

 The History and Meaning of the Sabbath
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord's Commandments Mobile
This complex project combines the two great commandments and the Ten Commandments in one mobile.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Will Not Hold Him Innocent
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Ninth and Tenth Commandments
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Second Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Seventh Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Sixth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Ten Commandments
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Ten Commandments
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Ten Commandments
The Ten Commandments list actions a person must do in order to connect with God. Explore the spiritual meaning to commandments using New Church online resources.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Ten Commandments
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Ten Commandments (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments Calligraphy
Color the border around this calligraphy of the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Ten Commandments in Hebrew
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Ten Commandments Received, The Golden Calf
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Third Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Two Tablets
Use a modeling compound to make small tablets. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Turning Away from False Gods Collage
Make a collage showing things people might “worship” or seem to make a higher priority in their lives than the Lord. 
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 What Worship Is
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Why We Need Rules
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Worshiping the Lord Alone
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Worshiping the One True God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 You Shall Not Take the Name of the Lord Your God in Vain
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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