Deuteronômio 19

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1 Quando o Senhor teu Deus desarraigar as nações cuja terra ele te , e tu as desapossares, e morares nas suas cidades e nas suas casas,

2 designarás para ti no meio da terra que o Senhor teu Deus te para a possuíres, três cidades;

3 preparar-lhe-ás caminhos, e partirás em três os termos da tua terra, que o Senhor teu Deus te dará em herança; isto será para que todo homicida se acolha nessas cidades.

4 Este, pois é o caso no tocante ao homicida que se acolher ali para que viva: aquele que involuntariamente matar o seu próximo, a quem dantes não odiava;

5 como, por exemplo, aquele que entrar com o seu próximo no bosque para cortar lenha e, pondo força na sua mão com o machado para cortar a árvore, o ferro saltar do cabo e ferir o seu próximo de sorte que venha a morrer; o tal se acolherá a uma dessas cidades, e viverá;

6 para que o vingador do sangue não persiga o homicida, enquanto estiver abrasado o seu coração, e o alcance, por ser comprido o caminho, e lhe tire a vida, não havendo nele culpa de morte, pois que dantes não odiava o seu próximo.

7 Pelo que eu te deu esta ordem: Três cidades designarás para ti.

8 E, se o Senhor teu Deus dilatar os teus termos, como jurou a teus pais, e te der toda a terra que prometeu dar a teus pais

9 (quando guardares, para o cumprires, todo este mandamento que eu hoje te ordeno, de amar o Senhor teu Deus e de andar sempre nos seus caminhos), então acrescentarás a estas três, mais três cidades;

10 para que não se derrame sangue inocente no meio da tua terra, que o Senhor teu Deus te por herança, e não haja sangue sobre ti.

11 Mas se alguém, odiando a seu próximo e lhe armando ciladas, se levantar contra ele e o ferir de modo que venha a morrer, e se acolher a alguma destas cidades,

12 então os anciãos da sua cidade, mandando tirá-lo dali, o entregarão nas mãos do vingador do sangue, para que morra.

13 O teu olho não terá piedade dele; antes tirarás de Israel o sangue inocente, para que te vá bem.

14 Não removerás os marcos do teu próximo, colocados pelos teus antecessores na tua herança que receberás, na terra que o Senhor teu Deus te para a possuíres.

15 uma só testemunha não se levantará contra alguém por qualquer iniqüidade, ou por qualquer pecado, seja qual for o pecado cometido; pela boca de duas ou de três testemunhas se estabelecerá o fato.

16 Se uma testemunha iníqua se levantar contra alguém, para o acusar de transgressão,

17 então aqueles dois homens que tiverem a demanda se apresentarão perante o Senhor, diante dos sacerdotes e dos juízes que houver nesses dias.

18 E os juízes inquirirão cuidadosamente; e eis que, sendo a testemunha falsa, e falso o testemunho que deu contra seu irmão,

19 far-lhe-ás como ele cuidava fazer a seu irmão; e assim exterminarás o mal do meio de ti.

20 Os restantes, ouvindo isso, temerão e nunca mais cometerão semelhante mal no meio de ti.

21 O teu olho não terá piedade dele; vida por vida, olho por olho, dente por dente, mão por mão, por .

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

Apocalipse Revelado 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Významy biblických slov

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

Nações
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cidades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

entrar
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

bosque
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

árvore
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

ferro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

venha
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

morrer
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sangue
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

ordem
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

jurou
'To sware' is a binding.

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mandamento
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

cidade
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

olho
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Testemunha
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

iniqüidade
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

pecado
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

duas
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

testemunhas
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

juízes
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

irmão
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

dente
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


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