Daniel 2

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1 Ora no segundo ano do reinado de Nabucodonozor, teve este uns sonhos; e o seu espírito se perturbou, e passou-se-lhe o sono.

2 Então o rei mandou chamar os magos, os encantadores, os adivinhadores, e os caldeus, para que declarassem ao rei os seus sonhos; eles vieram, pois, e se apresentaram diante do rei.

3 E o rei lhes disse: Tive um sonho, e para saber o sonho está perturbado o meu espírito.

4 Os caldeus disseram ao rei em aramaico: ç rei, vive eternamente; dize o sonho a teus servos, e daremos a interpretação

5 Respondeu o rei, e disse aos caldeus: Esta minha palavra é irrevogável se não me fizerdes saber o sonho e a sua interpretação, sereis despedaçados, e as vossas casas serão feitas um monturo;

6 mas se vós me declarardes o sonho e a sua interpretação, recebereis de mim dádivas, recompensas e grande honra. Portanto declarai-me o sonho e a sua interpretação.

7 Responderam pela segunda vez: Diga o rei o sonho a seus servos, e daremos a interpretação.

8 Respondeu o rei, e disse: Bem sei eu que vós quereis ganhar tempo; porque vedes que a minha palavra é irrevogável.

9 se não me fizerdes saber o sonho, uma só sentença será a vossa; pois vós preparastes palavras mentirosas e perversas para as proferirdes na minha presença, até que se mude o tempo. portanto dizei-me o sonho, para que eu saiba que me podeis dar a sua interpretação.

10 Responderam os caldeus na presença do rei, e disseram: Não há ninguém sobre a terra que possa cumprir a palavra do rei; pois nenhum rei, por grande e poderoso que fosse, tem exigido coisa semelhante de algum mago ou encantador, ou caldeu.

11 A coisa que o rei requer é difícil, e ninguém há que a possa declarar ao rei, senão os deuses, cuja morada não é com a carne mortal.

12 Então o rei muito se irou e enfureceu, e ordenou que matassem a todos os sábios de Babilônia.

13 saiu, pois, o decreto, segundo o qual deviam ser mortos os sábios; e buscaram a Daniel e aos seus companheiros, para que fossem mortos.

14 Então Daniel falou avisada e prudentemente a Arioque, capitão da guarda do rei, que tinha saído para matar os sábios de Babilônia;

15 pois disse a Arioque, capitão do rei: Por que é o decreto do rei tão urgente? Então Arioque explicou o caso a Daniel.

16 Ao que Daniel se apresentou ao rei e pediu que lhe designasse o prazo, para que desse ao rei a interpretação.

17 Então Daniel foi para casa, e fez saber o caso a Hananias, Misael e Azarias, seus companheiros,

18 para que pedissem misericórdia ao Deus do céu sobre este mistério, a fim de que Daniel e seus companheiros não perecessem, juntamente com o resto dos sábios de Babilônia.

19 Então foi revelado o mistério a Daniel numa visão de noite; pelo que Daniel louvou o Deus do céu.

20 Disse Daniel: Seja bendito o nome de Deus para todo o sempre, porque são dele a sabedoria e a força.

21 Ele muda os tempos e as estações; ele remove os reis e estabelece os reis; é ele quem dá a sabedoria aos sábios e o entendimento aos entendidos.

22 Ele revela o profundo e o escondido; conhece o que está em trevas, e com ele mora a luz.

23 ç Deus de meus pais, a ti dou graças e louvor porque me deste sabedoria e força; e agora me fizeste saber o que te pedimos; pois nos fizeste saber este assunto do rei.

24 Por isso Daniel foi ter com Arioque, ao qual o rei tinha constituído para matar os sábios de Babilônia; entrou, e disse-lhe assim: Não mates os sábios de Babilônia; introduze-me na presença do rei, e lhe darei a interpretação.

25 Então Arioque depressa introduziu Daniel à presença do rei, e disse-lhe assim: Achei dentre os filhos dos cativos de Judá um homem que fará saber ao rei a interpretação.

26 Respondeu o rei e disse a Daniel, cujo nome era Beltessazar: Podes tu fazer-me saber o sonho que tive e a sua interpretação?

27 Respondeu Daniel na presença do rei e disse: O mistério que o rei exigiu, nem sábios, nem encantadores, nem magos, nem adivinhadores lhe podem revelar;

28 mas há um Deus no céu, o qual revela os mistérios; ele, pois, fez saber ao rei Nabucodonozor o que há de suceder nos últimos dias. O teu sonho e as visões que tiveste na tua cama são estas:

29 Estando tu, ó rei, na tua cama, subiram os teus pensamentos sobre o que havia de suceder no futuro. Aquele, pois, que revela os mistérios te fez saber o que há de ser.

30 E a mim me foi revelado este mistério, não por ter eu mais sabedoria que qualquer outro vivente, mas para que a interpretação se fizesse saber ao rei, e para que entendesses os pensamentos do teu coração.

31 Tu, ó rei, na visão olhaste e eis uma grande estátua. Esta estátua, imensa e de excelente esplendor, estava em pé diante de ti; e a sua aparência era terrível.

32 A cabeça dessa estátua era de ouro fino; o peito e os braços de prata; o ventre e as coxas de bronze;

33 as pernas de ferro; e os pés em parte de ferro e em parte de barro.

34 Estavas vendo isto, quando uma pedra foi cortada, sem auxílio de mãos, a qual feriu a estátua nos pés de ferro e de barro, e os esmiuçou.

35 Então foi juntamente esmiuçado o ferro, o barro, o bronze, a prata e o ouro, os quais se fizeram como a pragana das eiras no estio, e o vento os levou, e não se podia achar nenhum vestígio deles; a pedra, porém, que feriu a estátua se tornou uma grande montanha, e encheu toda a terra.

36 Este é o sonho; agora diremos ao rei a sua interpretação.

37 Tu, ó rei, és rei de reis, a quem o Deus do céu tem dado o reino, o poder, a força e a glória;

38 e em cuja mão ele entregou os filhos dos homens, onde quer que habitem, os animais do campo e as aves do céu, e te fez reinar sobre todos eles; tu és a cabeça de ouro.

39 Depois de ti se levantará outro reino, inferior ao teu; e um terceiro reino, de bronze, o qual terá domínio sobre toda a terra.

40 E haverá um quarto reino, forte como ferro, porquanto o ferro esmiúça e quebra tudo; como o ferro quebra todas as coisas, assim ele quebrantará e esmiuçará.

41 Quanto ao que viste dos pés e dos dedos, em parte de barro de oleiro, e em parte de ferro, isso será um reino dividido; contudo haverá nele alguma coisa da firmeza do ferro, pois que viste o ferro misturado com barro de lodo.

42 E como os dedos dos pés eram em parte de ferro e em parte de barro, assim por uma parte o reino será forte, e por outra será frágil.

43 Quanto ao que viste do ferro misturado com barro de lodo, misturar-se-ão pelo casamento; mas não se ligarão um ao outro, assim como o ferro não se mistura com o barro.

44 Mas, nos dias desses reis, o Deus do céu suscitará um reino que não será jamais destruído; nem passará a soberania deste reino a outro povo; mas esmiuçará e consumirá todos esses reinos, e subsistirá para sempre.

45 Porquanto viste que do monte foi cortada uma pedra, sem auxílio de mãos, e ela esmiuçou o ferro, o bronze, o barro, a prata e o ouro, o grande Deus faz saber ao rei o que há de suceder no futuro. Certo é o sonho, e fiel a sua interpretação.

46 Então o rei Nabucodonozor caiu com o rosto em terra, e adorou a Daniel, e ordenou que lhe oferecessem uma oblação e perfumes suaves.

47 Respondeu o rei a Daniel, e disse: Verdadeiramente, o vosso Deus é Deus dos deuses, e o Senhor dos reis, e o revelador dos mistérios, pois pudeste revelar este misterio.

48 Então o rei engrandeceu a Daniel, e lhe deu muitas e grandes dádivas, e o pôs por governador sobre toda a província de Babilônia, como também o fez chefe principal de todos os sábios de Babilônia.

49 A pedido de Daniel, o rei constituiu superintendentes sobre os negócios da província de Babilônia a Sadraque, Mesaque e Abednego; mas Daniel permaneceu na corte do rei.

  

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Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar's Dream      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon has a dream that troubles him. Daniel, inspired by God, is the only person who is able to interpret it. It's a powerful story in the literal sense, and its spiritual sense goes deep; it describes a step that we each need to take if we want to make spiritual progress.

The literal text sets the story in the "second year", which refers to a state of conflict that comes before regeneration. Generally, "two" means a union, and specifically the marriage of good and truth. But in this story, the marriage is between evil and falsity. Nebuchadnezzar is still on the throne of Babylon: the falsities from selfish love seek to establish dominion over every sphere of life.

So, in the second year, "Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him." Dreams are one of the ways the Lord revealed the Word to the ancients. It is not surprising to find Nebuchadnezzar greatly disturbed by a dream, to the point that "his sleep left him." Sleep, when dreams occur, depicts a state of obscurity. In Nebuchadnezzar's case, the obscurity arose because he represents false thoughts resulting from a selfish lust for power. Selfishness obscures the truth because it makes it impossible to focus outside of the self.

Nebuchadnezzar represents falsity from selfishness and the desire to dominate and control others. When this is in charge, people become manipulative, insisting that everything serve their own ends. They are willing to twist any truth, even destroy it, to justify their actions. The danger in this state is its attraction; it can invade the mind and establish an empire.

This is our state before regeneration. However, Divine Providence mandates that in order to remove this, we must become conscious of our Nebuchadnezzar states. This may be difficult because reflection requires perspective, which starts out obscured — asleep. Nebuchadnezzar, unable to remember or interpret his dream, commanded his magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans to ease his mind.

When the wise men were unable, the king began killing them. In the internal sense, "to kill," means to turn truths into falsities. Daniel and his companions were to be included in the slaughter, but they were different from the other wise men, who represented falsity based on abuse or misuse of truth grounded in selfishness. Daniel and his friends served the Lord.

Daniel's name had been changed to 'Belteshazzar,' symbolizing the perversion of truth by love of self. Yet in this verse, they sought 'Daniel' and his companions to kill them. This shows a human quality hidden from daily life. If Nebuchadnezzar represents blind selfishness, to save us, the Lord must keep truth hidden from the flow of selfish thought. When his hidden name is used, Daniel represents this hidden thought, protected and ready for use against selfishness.

In chapter one, Daniel rejects Nebuchadnezzar by refusing to eat his food. Once again, he stands against the king who reveals his evil in his willingness to kill when displeased. Nebuchadnezzar is the epitome of self-worship, Daniel is the true worshiper of the Lord.

Daniel and his friends sought "mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret." Despite their position as 'wise men,' they humbled themselves to the Lord. This is a picture of the submission necessary for conscience to direct the unruly external self.

Daniel was given insight into the fallen human, the decline caused by selfishness. People faced with these insights often run and hide. Yet without self-knowledge, people cannot make any spiritual progress. By blessing the Lord, Daniel recognizes that only His divine power can help people put evils into order. Without this, spiritual life is over.

This gratitude embodies a New Church principle: all goodness and truth are from the Lord alone. Any insight people have into the nature of evils must come from the Him. Evil is blind to itself, but truth shows it for what it is. By thanking the Lord for insight, people can face their evils.

Before he can be killed, Daniel requests an audience with the king. Outward behaviors can be aligned with good or evil, and so Arioch, captain of the guard, acts on Daniel's request in spite of Nebuchadnezzar's orders. His words to the king show how useful things can ally themselves to the truth. So Arioch advocates for Daniel.

In his entreaty, Arioch emphasizes Daniel's heritage: "a man of the captives of Judah." This may have cast the king's mind back to his campaign in Judah, or even to the young man prepared for his service, filled with wisdom and glowing with physical health. In the internal sense, 'Judah' represents the church with a person, initially through truths. So Arioch identifies Daniel as truth from the Word. Nebuchadnezzar knew Daniel by his Babylonian name of Belteshazzar: when people in falsity are presented with truth, they view it as mere information for their own use. This is why an adulterer sees no difference between adultery and marriage, or a liar no distinction between truth and falsity.

Daniel is the conscience, which can be thought of as guilt or sorrow for actions. But at it's core, conscience is guidance by the truths of the Word. For truths to guide us, we must recognize their Divine authority and origin: none of the wise men, astrologers, magicians, or soothsayers could tell and interpret the king's dream.

In the sense of the letter, Daniel could begin because he established that the dream was from God, and thus interpreted by God. Daniel was simply a mouthpiece. For us, the self-awareness needed to move us from selfishness to charity comes from the Lord. Only He can direct our lives, but leaves us in freedom to accept that direction or not.

Daniel described Nebuchadnezzar's dream: the great image, with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of bronze, legs of iron, and feet partly of iron and partly of clay. Even in the literal sense of the story one sees the steady decline from precious to base to valueless.

Many scholars describe this dream in political terms. They claim it describes successive nations or rulers in the earth, from the Babylonians, to the Greeks, the Romans, and so on. However, the Word deals with spiritual, not worldly things. In one sense, this dream speaks of the different spiritual eras that have existed in this world. This is called the "internal historical" sense. On this level, Nebuchadnezzar's dream describes the rise and fall of the ancient churches to the present. This exposition focuses on a deeper level: the regenerative series, or how the Word tells of each individual's spiritual life.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream symbolizes allowing selfishness to dictate our thoughts and beliefs. Babylon is a state of great selfishness, the opposite of loving the Lord. This is the origin of all evils, going hand in hand with falsity, which twists and perverts the truth, making it a slave to our desires. The dream describes how this state gains mastery of the human mind. It begins before selfishness gains a toehold in our thoughts, and ends in the destruction of our very humanity.

The vision begins with the head because it is the highest part of a human being. But the key to this head is that it is gold, symbolizing love to the Lord. The chest and arms are physically lower than the head, and silver is less valuable than gold. The chest and arms represent the rational parts of the mind. Silver represents truths derived from the goodness within. This change from loving the Lord to thinking from truth marks a change in focus: good embraces all, opening us up to each other in a life of mutual love and charity. Truth, on the other hand, is more open to abuse: ideas of truth have been the cause of many wars and conflicts. Truth is used to hurt as often as to nurture goodness. It is a double edged sword.

At the next level, the decline becomes more obvious: from the head to the chest to the belly and thighs – half way down the body. From gold to silver to bronze, precious metal turns to base. The belly and thighs normally depict the good of loving the Lord and the neighbor, called charity. Here, however, it is twisted into the opposite sense: disregard for others, and one's own interpretation of truth. To the person in this state, these things appear good. So the belly and thighs were made of bronze, an alloy that can be polished until it gleams like gold, but it is not, nor ever can be transmuted.

So we are brought to the lower parts of the body: the legs of iron. In place of truth, falsity takes charge. This is depicted by the iron, which merely looks like silver. The legs are followed by the outer extreme of spiritual life: the feet. The feet are the lowest part of our body. Feet correspond to the outmost of our lives, which should be the expression of the Lord's goodness and truth through us. Instead, the feet of the statue are a weak spot: a mixture of iron and clay. In this image, we see the entire devolution of selfishness – carried into our very action – a life devoid of real goodness or truth, only a false image.

At the climax of the dream, a stone strikes the image and breaks it to pieces. This shows us our true character and the power of truth to bring us back from the brink of disaster. The stone was cut without hands: it is not of human origin. Here the Divine truth contrasts with the king’s practice of consulting his wise men and magicians, who represent selfish human thought. Divine truth leads to all goodness when used the way the Lord intends. Detached from human rationalizing, the truth liberates.

This freedom is the new vision of truth: the stone grows into a mountain. "A mountain" symbolizes love – a new love from truth, that replaces the selfishness and the desire for control. The mountain filling the earth symbolizes the way this new truth and love become the center and focus of our lives. We are created anew by the Lord's truth.

Having described the dream in great detail, Daniel then explains its meaning. He begins with what seems like an affirmation of Nebuchadnezzar; the Lord gave us our love of self! He ordained that we should feel life as our own and have no sense of His life flowing into us. This allows us to act according to our reason, and respond to the Lord in freedom. Selfishness is the abuse of this gift from the Lord, and the kingdom changes its meaning from truth to falsity.

Nebuchadnezzar clearly confuses Daniel with the Lord, and ascribes the power to interpret dreams to him. But the reality of selfishness becomes clear when contrasted with the ideals of conscience. If selfishness cannot reflect upon itself, it needs to be confronted with truth – and truth shows the true nature of evil and convicts it.

Nebuchadnezzar promoted Daniel and his three friends to positions of power. He recognized their God as the God of gods, the Lord of kings. But he continues to recognize the previous gods who served Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar may have elevated the Lord above Marduk, the Babylonian god, but he was neither willing nor prepared to jettison his customary deity.

Spiritual life must begin somewhere, and this interaction between Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel symbolizes the beginning. There is still a great distance to travel before we are truly born again. The old selfish side will reassert itself, new arguments and battles will rage. Yet the promise of Nebuchadnezzar's dream is still with us.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 173


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 426, 1298, 1326, 1361, 1422, 1551, 1837, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 211, 538, 567, 664, 717, 775, 781, ...

Conjugial Love 73, 78, 79, 81

Divina Providência 328

Doutrina Do Senhor 4, 42, 48

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 117

Do Juizo Final 54

True Christian Religion 156, 275, 609, 625, 754, 761, 788


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 176, 237, 411, 577, 650, 662, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2, 37

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 40:8, 12, 18, 41:8, 14, 26, 28, 41, 43

Êxodo 7:11

Números 12:6

Deuteronômio 10:17, 29:28

Josué 22:22

1 Samuel 6:2

2 Samuel 7:13, 16

1 Reis 1:31

2 Reis 5:15

1 Crônicas 29:10

Esdras 1:2, 6:11

Neemias 9:5

Ester 1:13, 3:2

12:13, 18, 22

Salmos 2:6, 9, 96:4, 113:2, 136:26, 139:12, 147:5

Provérbios 2:6, 16:14

Eclesiástes 8:1

Isaías 28:16, 36:11, 47:12, 13

Jeremias 25:1, 27:5, 6, 33:3

Ezequiel 26:7

Daniel 1:6, 17, 2:6, 31, 36, 37, 48, 3:1, 9, 12, 29, 30, 4:2, 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 22, 5:7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 28, 6:7, 27, 7:4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 23, ...

Ageu 2:22

Mateus 3:2, 21:44

Lucas 1:33, 20:18

Atos 3:12, 10:25, 14:13

Romanos 11:33

1 Timóteo 6:15, 16

Hebreus 12:27

Tiago 1:5

Revelação 1, 11:15, 12:8, 17:14, 19:15

Významy biblických slov

segundo
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sonhos
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

sono
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

caldeus
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sonho
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

interpretação
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

recompensas
A "reward" in the Bible represents something that brings people together, or brings spiritual states together, and binds them. It's easy to see this in...

Poderoso
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

daniel
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

céu
O "ar" na Bíblia representa o pensamento, mas de uma forma muito geral - mais como a nossa capacidade de perceber as ideias e a...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

feriu
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Misturar
'To mix' signifies falsifying truth and profaning it.

para sempre
It is hard for us to conceive this, but time does not exist in spiritual reality. Time is an aspect of physical reality that no...

governador
‘Governors,’ as in Genesis 41:34, signify common or general things, because they govern over particular things. ‘Governors of Israel,’ as in Judges 5:9, signify the...

chefe
‘Governors,’ as in Genesis 41:34, signify common or general things, because they govern over particular things. ‘Governors of Israel,’ as in Judges 5:9, signify the...

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