1 Samuel 2

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1 Então Ana orou, dizendo: O meu coração exulta no Senhor; o meu poder está exaltado no Senhor; a minha boca dilata-se contra os meus imimigos, porquanto me regozijo na tua salvação.

2 Ninguém há santo como o Senhor; não há outro fora de ti; não há rocha como a nosso Deus.

3 Não faleis mais palavras tão altivas, nem saia da vossa boca a arrogância; porque o Senhor é o Deus da sabedoria, e por ele são pesadas as ações.

4 Os arcos dos fortes estão quebrados, e os fracos são cingidos de força.

5 Os que eram fartos se alugam por pão, e deixam de ter fome os que eram famintos; até a estéril teve sete filhos, e a que tinha muitos filhos enfraquece.

6 O Senhor é o que tira a vida e a dá; faz descer ao Seol e faz subir dali.

7 O Senhor empobrece e enriquece; abate e também exalta.

8 Levanta do pó o pobre, do monturo eleva o necessitado, para os fazer sentar entre os príncipes, para os fazer herdar um trono de glória; porque do Senhor são as colunas da terra, sobre elas pôs ele o mundo.

9 Ele guardará os pés dos seus santos, porém os ímpios ficarão mudos nas trevas, porque o homem não prevalecerá pela força.

10 Os que contendem com o Senhor serão quebrantados; desde os céus trovejará contra eles. O Senhor julgará as extremidades da terra; dará força ao seu rei, e exaltará o poder do seu ungido.

11 Então Elcana se retirou a Ramá, à sua casa. O menino, porém, ficou servindo ao Senhor perante e sacerdote Eli.

12 Ora, os filhos de Eli eram homens ímpios; não conheciam ao Senhor.

13 Porquanto o costume desses sacerdotes para com o povo era que, oferecendo alguém um sacrifício, e estando-se a cozer a carne, vinha o servo do sacerdote, tendo na mão um garfo de três dentes,

14 e o metia na panela, ou no tacho, ou no caldeirão, ou na marmita; e tudo quanto a garfo tirava, o sacerdote tomava para si. Assim faziam a todos os de Israel que chegavam ali em Siló.

15 Também, antes de queimarem a gordura, vinha o servo do sacerdote e dizia ao homem que sacrificava: carne de assar para o sacerdote; porque não receberá de ti carne cozida, mas crua.

16 se lhe respondia o homem: Sem dúvida, logo há de ser queimada a gordura e depois toma quanto desejar a tua alma; então ele lhe dizia: Não hás de -la agora; se não, à força a tomarei.

17 Era, pois, muito grande o pecado destes mancebos perante o Senhor, porquanto os homens vieram a desprezar a oferta do Senhor.

18 Samuel, porém, ministrava perante o Senhor, sendo ainda menino, vestido de um éfode de linho.

19 E sua mãe lhe fazia de ano em ano uma túnica pequena, e lha trazia quando com seu marido subia para oferecer o sacrifício anual.

20 Então Eli abençoava a Elcana e a sua mulher, e dizia: O Senhor te dê desta mulher descendência, pelo empréstimo que fez ao Senhor. E voltavam para o seu lugar.

21 Visitou, pois, o Senhor a Ana, que concebeu, e teve três filhos e duas filhas. Entrementes, o menino Samuel crescia diante do Senhor.

22 Eli era já muito velho; e ouvia tudo quanto seus filhos faziam a todo o Israel, e como se deitavam com as mulheres que ministravam à porta da tenda da revelação.

23 E disse-lhes: Por que fazeis tais coisas? pois ouço de todo este povo os vossos malefícios.

24 Não, filhos meus, não é boa fama esta que ouço. Fazeis transgredir o povo do Senhor.

25 Se um homem pecar contra outro, Deus o julgará; mas se um homem pecar contra o Senhor, quem intercederá por ele? Todavia eles não ouviram a voz de seu pai, porque o Senhor os queria destruir.

26 E o menino Samuel ia crescendo em estatura e em graça diante do Senhor, como também diante dos homens.

27 Veio um homem de Deus a Eli, e lhe disse: Assim diz o Senhor: Não me revelei, na verdade, à casa de teu pai, estando eles ainda no Egito, sujeitos à casa de Faraó?

28 E eu o escolhi dentre todas as tribos de Israel para ser o meu sacerdote, para subir ao meu altar, para queimar o incenso, e para trazer o éfode perante mim; e dei à casa de teu pai todas as ofertas queimadas dos filhos de Israel.

29 Por que desprezais o meu sacrifício e a minha oferta, que ordenei se fizessem na minha morada, e por que honras a teus filhos mais de que a mim, de modo a vos engordardes do principal de todas as ofertas do meu povo Israel?

30 Portanto, diz o Senhor Deus de Israel: Na verdade eu tinha dito que a tua casa e a casa de teu pai andariam diante de mim perpetuamente. Mas agora o Senhor diz: Longe de mim tal coisa, porque honrarei aos que me honram, mas os que me desprezam serão desprezados.

31 Eis que vêm dias em que cortarei o teu braço e o braço da casa de teu pai, para que não haja mais ancião algum em tua casa.

32 E tu, na angústia, olharás com inveja toda a prosperidade que hei de trazer sobre Israel; e não haverá por todos os dias ancião algum em tua casa.

33 O homem da tua linhagem a quem eu não desarraigar do meu altar será para consumir-te os olhos e para entristecer-te a alma; e todos es descendentes da tua casa morrerão pela espada dos homens.

34 E te será por sinal o que sobrevirá a teus dois filhos, a Hofni e a Finéias; ambos morrerão no mesmo dia.

35 E eu suscitarei para mim um sacerdote fiel, que fará segundo o que está no meu coração e na minha mente. Edificar-lhe-ei uma casa duradoura, e ele andará sempre diante de meu ungido.

36 Também todo aquele que ficar de resto da tua casa virá a inclinar-se diante dele por uma moeda de prata e por um pedaço de pão, e dirá: Rogo-te que me admitas a algum cargo sacerdotal, para que possa comer um bocado de pão.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Gênesis 13:13, 21:1, 35:22, 38:7, 10, 39:4

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Jeremias 2:8, 15:9, 51:56

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1 Coríntios 1:28, 11:27

Tito 1:16

Tiago 2:5

Významy biblických slov

coração
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

salvação
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.

Rocha
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

arcos
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

força
Forces denote the power of truth.

pão
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

fome
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

estéril
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

muitos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

descer
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

seol
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

monturo
Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.

sentar
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

trono
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

mundo
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

pés
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

santos
'Saints' mean people governed by truths from the Lord through the Word.

Trevas
"Escuridão" é um estado sem luz. "Luz" é a verdade do Senhor, por isso "escuridão" representa um estado onde falta a verdade. Aqui está uma...

céus
O "ar" na Bíblia representa o pensamento, mas de uma forma muito geral - mais como a nossa capacidade de perceber as ideias e a...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Ramá
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Sacerdote
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dentes
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Siló
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

gordura
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

pecado
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

desprezar
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

oferta
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

mãe
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

marido
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

empréstimo
If you think about it, you can see that it’s easy to “borrow” thoughts and ideas from other people – even written ideas from thousands...

visitou
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

duas
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

filhas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

velho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

mulheres
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Porta
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ouço
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

boa
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egito
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

faraó
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

altar
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

honras
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

braço
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ambos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

prata
'Money' relates to truth.

sacerdotal
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

comer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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