1 Samuel 18

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1 Ora, acabando Davi de falar com Saul, a alma de Jônatas ligou-se com a alma de Davi; e Jônatas o amou como à sua própria alma.

2 E desde aquele dia Saul o reteve, não lhe permitindo voltar para a casa de seu pai.

3 Então Jônatas fez um pacto com Davi, porque o amava como à sua própria vida.

4 E Jônatas se despojou da capa que vestia, e a deu a Davi, como também a sua armadura, e até mesmo a sua espada, o seu arco e o seu cinto.

5 E saía Davi aonde quer que Saul o enviasse, e era sempre bem sucedido; e Saul o pôs sobre a gente de guerra, e isso pareceu bem aos olhos de todo o povo, e até aos olhos dos servos de Saul.

6 Sucedeu porém que, retornando eles, quando Davi voltava de ferir o filisteu, as mulheres de todas as cidades de Israel saíram ao encontro do rei Saul, cantando e dançando alegremente, com tamboris, e com instrumentos de música.

7 E as mulheres, dançando, cantavam umas para as outras, dizendo: Saul feriu os seus milhares, porém Davi os seus dez milhares.

8 Então Saul se indignou muito, pois aquela palavra pareceu mal aos seus olhos, e disse: Dez milhares atribuíram a Davi, e a mim somente milhares; que lhe falta, senão só o reino?

9 Daquele dia em diante, Saul trazia Davi sob suspeita.

10 No dia seguinte o espírito maligno da parte de Deus se apoderou de Saul, que começou a profetizar no meio da casa; e Davi tocava a harpa, como nos outros dias. Saul tinha na mão uma lança.

11 E Saul arremessou a lança, dizendo consigo: Encravarei a Davi na parede. Davi, porém, desviou-se dele por duas vezes.

12 Saul, pois, temia a Davi, porque o Senhor era com Davi e se tinha retirado dele.

13 Pelo que Saul o afastou de si, e o fez comandante de mil; e ele saía e entrava diante do povo.

14 E Davi era bem sucedido em todos os seus caminhos; e o Senhor era com ele.

15 Vendo, então, Saul que ele era tão bem sucedido, tinha receio dele.

16 Mas todo o Israel e Judá amavam a Davi, porquanto saía e entrava diante deles.

17 Pelo que Saul disse a Davi: Eis que Merabe, minha filha mais velha, te darei por mulher, contanto que me sejas filho valoroso, e guerreies as guerras do Senhor. Pois Saul dizia consigo: Não seja contra ele a minha mão, mas sim a dos filisteus.

18 Mas Davi disse a Saul: Quem sou eu, e qual é a minha vida e a família de meu pai em Israel, para eu vir a ser genro do rei?

19 Sucedeu, porém, que ao tempo em que Merabe, filha de Saul, devia ser dada a Davi, foi dada por mulher a Adriel, meolatita.

20 Mas Mical, a outra filha de Saul, amava a Davi; sendo isto anunciado a Saul, pareceu bem aos seus olhos.

21 E Saul disse: Eu lha darei, para que ela lhe sirva de laço, e para que a mão dos filisteus venha a ser contra ele. Pelo que Saul disse a Davi: com a outra serás hoje meu genro.

22 Saul, pois, deu ordem aos seus servos: Falai em segredo a Davi, dizendo: Eis que o rei se agrada de ti, e todos os seus servos te querem bem; agora, pois, consente em ser genro do rei.

23 Assim os servos de Saul falaram todas estas palavras aos ouvidos de Davi. Então disse Davi: Parece-vos pouca coisa ser genro do rei, sendo eu homem pobre e de condição humilde?

24 E os servos de Saul lhe anunciaram isto, dizendo: Assim e assim falou Davi.

25 Então disse Saul: Assim direis a Davi: O rei não deseja dote, senão cem prepúcios de filisteus, para que seja vingado dos seus inimigos. Porquanto Saul tentava fazer Davi cair pela mão dos filisteus.

26 Tendo os servos de Saul anunciado estas palavras a Davi, pareceu bem aos seus olhos tornar-se genro do rei. Ora, ainda os dias não se haviam cumprido,

27 quando Davi se levantou, partiu com os seus homens, e matou dentre os filisteus duzentos homens; e Davi trouxe os prepúcios deles, e os entregou, bem contados, ao rei, para que fosse seu genro. Então Saul lhe deu por mulher sua filha Mical.

28 Mas quando Saul viu e compreendeu que o Senhor era com Davi e que todo o Israel o amava,

29 temeu muito mais a Davi; e Saul se tornava cada vez mais seu inimigo.

30 Então saíram os chefes dos filisteus à campanha; e sempre que eles saíam, Davi era mais bem sucedido do que todos os servos de Saul, pelo que o seu nome era mui estimado.

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Významy biblických slov

Davi
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

Saul
Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

alma
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dia
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casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

cinto
In a sense, the whole point of trying to accept the Lord and align ourselves with His love and His leading is so that we...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

filisteu
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

mulheres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

cantando
In the ancient and Jewish churches, 'songs' were prophesies about the Lord, especially His coming in the world, subjugation of the diabolical spirits, and liberation...

dançando
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

Música
In the ancient and Jewish churches, 'songs' were prophesies about the Lord, especially His coming in the world, subjugation of the diabolical spirits, and liberation...

feriu
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

milhares
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

Meio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mão
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parede
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

comandante
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

filha
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

mulher
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

guerras
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

família
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ordem
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palavras
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falou
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

cem
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

vingado
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

inimigos
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cair
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homens
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inimigo
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

nome
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 David and Jonathan Story Ladder
Illustrate three parts of the story about these close friends
Activity | Ages 7 - 12

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True friendship is where you forget about yourself and think only of making the other person happy. This is the kind of friendship the Lord wants us to have.
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 6

 Friendship
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearts Knit Together
Combine two hearts together by threading yarn through holes around the edges
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonathan and David
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonathan Gives David His Robe
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonathan's Gifts Prepare David for Battle
Looks at Jonathan's gifts to David. How can friends help each other by giving them spiritual weapons for spiritual struggles?
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 Personal Accountability
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Quotes: Looking for the Good in Others
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Story of Jonathan and David Collage
Illustrate Jonathan and David’s friendship with a collage that shows them “standing out” from the background
Project | Ages 6 - 12


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