Dommernes 4

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1 Da Ehud var død, gjorde Israels barn atter det som var ondt i Herrens øine.

2 Og Herren solgte dem i Jabins, Kana'ans konges hånd; han regjerte i Hasor; hans hærfører var Sisera, som bodde i Haroset-Haggojim.

3 Og Israels barn ropte til Herren; for han hadde ni hundre jernvogner, og han trengte Israels barn hårdt i tyve år.

4 Og Debora, en profetinne, Lappidots hustru, dømte Israel på denne tid;

5 hun satt under Deboras palmetre mellem ama og BetelEfra'im-fjellet, og Israels barn gikk op til henne forat hun skulde skifte rett mellem dem.

6 Hun sendte bud og kalte til sig Barak, Abinoams sønn, fra Kedes i Naftali og sa til ham: Hør hvad Herren, Israels Gud, har befalt: Gå av sted og dra op på Tabor-fjellet og ta med dig ti tusen mann av Naftalis barn og av Sebulons barn!

7 Og jeg vil dra Sisera, Jabins hærfører, og hans vogner og hans hær bort til dig, til Kison-bekken, og gi ham i din hånd.

8 Da sa Barak til henne: Hvis du går med mig, vil jeg gå; men hvis du ikke går med mig, så går heller ikke jeg.

9 Og hun sa: Gå med dig skal jeg; men æren skal dog ikke bli din på den vei du går, for i en kvinnes hånd skal Herren selge Sisera. Så gjorde Debora sig rede og gikk med Barak til Kedes.

10 Og Barak stevnet Sebulon og Naftali sammen til Kedes, og ti tusen mann drog op efter ham; og Debora gikk med ham.

11 Men kenitten Heber hadde skilt sig fra kenittene, fra Hobabs, Moses' svogers barn; og han flyttet med sine telt like til Sa'ana'im-eken ved Kedes.

12 Da Sisera fikk spurt at Barak, Abinoams sønn, hadde draget op på Tabor-fjellet,

13 stevnet han sammen alle sine vogner, ni hundre jernvogner, og alt det folk som var med ham, at de skulde komme fra Haroset-Haggojim til Kison-bekken.

14 Da sa Debora til Barak: Op! Dette er den dag da Herren har gitt Sisera i din hånd; drar ikke Herren ut foran dig? Så drog Barak ned fra Tabor-fjellet, og ti tusen mann fulgte ham.

15 Da slo Herren Sisera og alle vognene og hele hæren med redsel, så de ikke kunde stå sig for Baraks sverd; og Sisera steg ned av vognen og flyktet til fots.

16 Men Barak forfulgte vognene og hæren til Haroset-Haggojim, og hele Siseras hær falt for sverdets egg; det blev ikke en eneste tilbake.

17 Sisera flyktet til fots til Jaels telt; hun var kenitten Hebers hustru, og der var fred mellem Jabin, kongen i Hasor, og kenitten Hebers hus.

18 Da gikk Jael ut mot Sisera og sa til ham: Kom inn, herre, kom inn til mig, frykt ikke! Og han gikk inn i teltet til henne, og hun gjemte ham under teppet.

19 Og han sa til henne: Kjære, gi mig litt vann å drikke! Jeg er tørst. Da åpnet hun melkeflasken og lot ham drikke og dekket ham til.

20 Og han sa til henne: Stå i teltdøren, og dersom det kommer nogen og spør dig: Er det nogen her? da si nei!

21 Men Jael, Hebers hustru, tok en teltplugg og gikk sakte inn til ham med en hammer i hånden og slo pluggen gjennem tinningen på ham, så den gikk ned i jorden; for trett som han var, var han falt i tung søvn. Således døde han.

22 Da nu Barak forfulgte Sisera, gikk Jael ut imot ham og sa til ham: Kom, så skal jeg vise dig den mann du søker efter. Og han gikk inn til henne, og se, der lå Sisera død med pluggen gjennem tinningen.

23 Så ydmyket Gud på denne dag Jabin, Kana'ans konge, for Israels barns øine.

24 Og Israels barns hånd lå tyngre og tyngre på Jabin, Kana'ans konge, til de helt hadde gjort ende på Jabin, Kana'ans konge.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

regjerte
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

ni
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

ama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

naftalis
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

hær
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vei
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

selge
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

telt
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sverd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

flyktet
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Siseras
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

falt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

herre
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

frykt
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

vann
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

tørst
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

åpnet
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

dekket
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

stå
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

slo
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

søker
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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