Dommernes 3

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1 Dette er de folk som Herren lot bli for ved dem å prøve Israel, alle de israelitter som ikke selv hadde vært med i nogen av Kana'anskrigene,

2 bare forat de kommende slekter i Israel skulde få kjennskap til krig og bli oplært deri, alle de som ikke før hadde vært med:

3 Filistrenes fem fyrster og alle kana'anittene og sidonierne og hevittene, som bodde på Libanon-fjellene, fra Ba'al-Hermon-fjellet til der hvor veien går til Hamat.

4 Ved dem var det Israel skulde prøves, så det kunde kjennes om de vilde lyde Herrens bud, som han hadde gitt deres fedre ved Moses.

5 Men da Israels barn nu bodde midt iblandt kana'anittene, hetittene og amorittene og ferisittene og hevittene og jebusittene,

6 tok de deres døtre til hustruer og gav sine døtre til deres sønner og dyrket deres guder.

7 Israels barn gjorde det som var ondt i Herrens øine; de glemte Herren sin Gud og dyrket Ba'alene og Astarte-billedene.

8 Da optendtes Herrens vrede mot Israel, og han solgte dem i Kusan- isata'ims hånd, som var konge i Mesopotamia; og Israels barn tjente Kusan- isata'im i åtte år.

9 Da ropte Israels barn til Herren, og Herren opreiste Israels barn en frelser, og han frelste dem; det var kenisitten Otniel, Kalebs yngre bror.

10 Og Herrens Ånd kom over ham; han blev dommer i Israel og drog ut til strid, og Herren gav Kusan- isata'im, kongen i Mesopotamia, i hans hånd, så han vant over Kusan- isata'im.

11 Og landet hadde ro i firti år; da døde Otniel, Kenas' sønn.

12 Men Israels barn gjorde atter det som var ondt i Herrens øine; og Herren gav Eglon, kongen i Moab, makt over Israel, fordi de gjorde det som var ondt i Herrens øine.

13 Han fikk med sig Ammons barn og Amalek og drog ut og slo Israel, og de inntok Palmestaden.

14 Og Israels barn tjente Eglon, kongen i Moab, i atten år.

15 Da ropte Israels barn til Herren, og Herren opreiste dem en frelser, benjaminitten Ehud, Geras sønn, en kjevhendt mann. Israels barn sendte ham engang med en gave til Eglon, kongen i Moab;

16 da gjorde Ehud sig et tveegget, alenlangt sverd og bandt det om sig under sine klær ved sin høire hofte.

17 Så førte han gaven frem til Eglon, kongen i Moab; men Eglon var en meget fet mann.

18 Og da han hadde gitt gaven fra sig, lot han folkene som hadde båret gaven, dra hjem.

19 Men selv vendte han tilbake fra stenbruddene ved Gilgal og lot si: Jeg har et hemmelig ord til dig, konge! Da sa kongen: Hysj! Så gikk de ut alle de som stod om ham.

20 Og Ehud kom inn til ham, mens han satt alene i sin kjølige sal, og Ehud sa: Jeg har et ord fra Gud til dig. Da reiste han sig op fra sin stol.

21 Men Ehud rakte ut sin venstre hånd og tok sverdet fra sin høire hofte og støtte det i hans buk;

22 og heftet gikk inn efter bladet, og fettet lukket til om bladet, for han drog ikke sverdet ut av hans buk; det gikk ut baktil.

23 Og Ehud gikk ut i buegangen, og han lukket døren til salen hvor han var, og låste den.

24 Og da han var gått ut, kom tjenerne inn, og da de så at døren til salen var låst, sa de: Han har visst et ærend i svalkammeret.

25 Og de ventet meget lenge, men han lukket ikke op døren til salen; da tok de nøklen og lukket op, og se, deres herredød på gulvet.

26 Mens de gav sig tid, slapp Ehud bort; han var allerede kommet forbi stenbruddene og kom frem til Se'ira.

27 Da han kom dit, støtte han i basunen på Efra'im-fjellet; og Israels barn drog ned med ham fra fjellene, og han foran dem.

28 Og han sa til dem: Skynd eder efter mig! For Herren har gitt eders fiender, moabittene, i eders hånd. Så drog de ned efter ham, og de satte folk ved vadestedene over Jordan til Moab og lot ingen komme over.

29 Dengang slo de omkring ti tusen mann av Moab, som alle var sterke og djerve menn; ikke én slapp bort.

30 Så blev da Moab på den dag ydmyket under Israels hånd, og landet hadde ro i åtti år.

31 Efter ham kom Samgar, Anats sønn; han slo seks hundre mann av filistrene med en oksedrivers stav; også han frelste Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mosebok 24:10

2 Mosebok 34:16

3 Mosebok 26:17

4 Mosebok 13:29, 23:18

5 Mosebok 8:11, 14, 18

Josvas 2:7, 13:3

Dommernes 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

1 Samuels 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2 Samuel 4:6, 20:9, 10

1 Kongebok 9:20, 11:3

1 Krønikebok 8:3, 5

2 Krønikebok 9:24, 15:1

Nehemias 4:14

Salmenes 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Hoseas 6:4

2 Korintierne 14

Významy biblických slov

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

krig
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

fem
Five also signifies all things of one part.

hevittene
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

fjellene
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

hetittene
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

døtre
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

guder
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

glemte
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Ba'alene
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Mesopotamia
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

åtte
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

frelser
The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

yngre
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

bror
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

dommer
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

ro
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

firti
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

slo
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

sverd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

klær
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

tilbake
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

kom inn
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

sverdet
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

lukket
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

herre
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

fiender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

moabittene
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

menn
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

åtti
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

seks
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

filistrene
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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