Dommernes 21

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 I Mispa hadde Israels menn svoret: Ingen av oss skal gi nogen i Benjamin sin datter til hustru.

2 Men da folket kom til Betel, satt de der for Guds åsyn til om aftenen, og de gråt høit og lenge

3 og sa: Herre, Israels Gud, hvorfor har dette hendt i Israel at det i dag fattes en hel stamme av Israel?

4 Den følgende dag stod folket tidlig op og bygget et alter der og ofret brennoffer og takkoffer.

5 Og Israels barn sa: Hvem var det blandt alle Israels stammer som ikke kom op til Herren med menigheten? For de hadde svoret en dyr ed at den som ikke kom op til Herren i Mispa, han skulde late livet.

6 Det gjorde Israels barn ondt for Benjamin, deres bror, og de sa: Idag er det hugget bort en stamme av Israel.

7 Hvad skal vi gjøre for dem som er tilbake, så de kan få sig hustruer, siden vi har svoret ved Herren at vi ikke vil gi dem nogen av våre døtre til ekte?

8 sa de: Var det nogen blandt Israels ætter som ikke kom op til Herren i Mispa? Da fikk de vite at fra Jabes i Gilead var ingen kommet til leiren, til møtet.

9 For da folket blev mønstret, viste det sig at ingen av innbyggerne i Jabes i Gilead var der.

10 Da sendte menigheten tolv tusen mann av krigsfolket dit og bød dem: Dra avsted og slå innbyggerne i Jabes i Gilead med sverdets egg, også kvinner og barn!

11 Således skal I gjøre: Alt mannkjønn og hver kvinne som har hatt samleie med nogen mann, skal I slå med bann.

12 Da fant de blandt innbyggerne i Jabes i Gilead fire hundre jomfruer som ikke hadde vært nær nogen mann og hatt samleie med ham; dem tok de med sig til leiren i Silo i Kana'ans land.

13 Og hele menigheten sendte bud til Benjamins barn, som var på immons klippe, og lovte dem fred.

14 Da vendte Benjamin med én gang tilbake, og de gav dem de kvinner som de hadde latt bli i live blandt kvinnene i Jabes i Gilead; men det blev ikke nok for dem.

15 Og det gjorde folket ondt for Benjamin; for Herren hadde gjort et skår i Israels stammer.

16 Og menighetens eldste sa: Hvad skal vi gjøre for dem som ennu er tilbake, så de kan få sig hustruer, siden alle kvinner i Benjamin er utryddet?

17 Og de sa: Benjamins arvedel skal høre de undkomne til, så ikke en hel stamme i Israel skal utslettes.

18 Men vi kan ikke gi dem nogen av våre døtre til ekte. For Israels barn har svoret: Forbannet være den som gir nogen av Benjamin sin datter til hustru!

19 sa de: År for år holdes det jo en høitid for Herren i Silo, som ligger nordenfor Betel, østenfor alfarveien som fører fra Betel op til Sikem, og sønnenfor Lebona.

20 Og de sa til Benjamins barn: Gå og legg eder på lur i vingårdene

21 og pass på, og når I ser Silos døtre gå ut til dans, da skal I springe frem fra vingårdene og røve eder hver sin hustru blandt Silos døtre og så dra hjem til Benjamins land.

22 Og når deres fedre eller brødre kommer og vil gå i rette med oss, da skal vi si til dem: Unn oss dem! For vi har ikke alle fått oss hustruer i krigen*, og I har jo ikke selv gitt dem pikene; da vilde I nu være skyldige**. / {* nemlig mot Jabes (v. 10-14); de eldste taler disse første ord i benjaminittenes navn.} / {** DM 21, 1. 7.}

23 Og Benjamins barn gjorde således og tok sig hver sin hustru, så mange som de var, blandt de dansende kvinner som de røvet; og de drog avsted og vendte tilbake til sin arvedel og bygget op igjen byene og blev boende der.

24 På samme tid reiste Israels barn også derfra, hver til sin stamme og sin ætt; de drog bort derfra, hver til sin arvedel.

25 I de dager var det ingen konge i Israel; hver mann gjorde hvad rett var i hans øine.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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Esaias 53:6, 66:3

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Významy biblických slov

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

menn
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

datter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

gråt
'Weeping' represents both sorrow and love.

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tidlig
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

bygget
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

alter
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

bror
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

døtre
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

slå
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

kvinner
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

kvinne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

jomfruer
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

eldste
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

gir
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Sikem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

ser
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

dans
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

kommer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

byene
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

dager
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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