Dommernes 20

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Da tok alle Israels barn ut, og hele menigheten, like fra Dan og til Be'erseba og fra Gileads land, samlet sig som én mann for Herren i Mispa.

2 Og høvdingene for hele folket, for alle Israels stammer, stilte sig frem for Guds folks forsamling, som var fire hundre tusen mann fotfolk, væbnet med sverd.

3 Men Benjamins barn fikk høre at Israels barn hadde draget op til Mispa. Da sa Israels barn: Si fra hvorledes det gikk til med denne ugjerning!

4 Og levitten, den myrdede kvinnes mann, tok til orde og sa: Jeg og min medhustru kom til Gibea i Benjamin for å bli der natten over.

5 Men mennene i Gibea overfalt mig; de omringet om natten huset jeg var i; mig tenkte de å slå ihjel, og min medhustru krenket de, så hun døde.

6 Da tok jeg min medhustru og skar henne i stykker og sendte henne omkring i hele Israels land og rike; for de hadde gjort en udåd og en skjenselsgjerning i Israel.

7 Nu er I samlet her, alle Israels barn; si nu eders mening og gi råd her!

8 Da reiste hele folket sig som én mann og sa: Ingen av oss vil dra bort til sitt telt, og ingen av oss vil reise hjem til sitt hus.

9 Og således vil vi gjøre med Gibea: Under loddet med det*! / {* d.e. vi vil innta og dele det ved loddkasting.}

10 Nu vil vi ta ut ti mann for hvert hundre av alle Israels stammer og hundre for hvert tusen og tusen for hvert ti tusen; de skal hente levnetsmidler til folkene, så de, når de kommer til Gibea i Benjamin, kan gjengjelde det hele den skjenselsgjerning det har gjort i Israel.

11 samlet alle Israels menn sig og drog imot byen, samdrektige som én mann.

12 Og Israels stammer sendte ut menn til alle Benjamins ætter og lot si: Hvad er dette for en ugjerning som er gjort hos eder?

13 Utlever nu de ugudelige menn i Gibea, så vi kan slå dem ihjel og rydde ut det onde av Israel! Men Benjamin vilde ikke høre på sine brødres, Israels barns ord.

14 Og Benjamins barn kom sammen til Gibea fra alle sine byer for å dra i krig mot Israels barn.

15 Samme dag blev Benjamins barn fra byene mønstret; det var seks og tyve tusen mann som kunde dra sverd; i denne mønstring var Gibeas innbyggere, syv hundre utvalgte menn, ikke medregnet.

16 Blandt alle disse folk var det syv hundre utvalgte menn som var kjevhendte; av dem rammet enhver på et hår når han slynget med sten, og feilte ikke.

17 Og da Israels menn - Benjamin fraregnet - blev mønstret, utgjorde de fire hundre tusen mann som kunde dra sverd; hver av dem var en krigsmann.

18 De gjorde sig ferdige og drog op til Betel og spurte Gud. Israels barn sa: Hvem av oss skal først dra op og stride mot Benjamins barn? Og Herren sa: Juda skal først.

19 Så brøt Israels barn op om morgenen og leiret sig midt imot Gibea.

20 Og Israels menn gikk frem til strid mot Benjamin, og Israels menn stilte sig i fylking mot dem bortimot Gibea.

21 Da drog Benjamins barn ut av Gibea og slo den dag to og tyve tusen mann av Israel til jorden.

22 Men folket, Israels menn, tok mot til sig og stilte sig atter i fylking på samme sted hvor de hadde stilt sig op den første dag -

23 Israels barn drog op og gråt for Herrens åsyn til om aftenen, og de spurte Herren og sa: Skal jeg atter gå frem til strid mot min bror Benjamins barn? Og Herren sa: Dra op mot ham! -

24 Så gikk da Israels barn frem til strid mot Benjamins barn den annen dag.

25 Og Benjamin drog ut mot dem fra Gibea den annen dag og slo ennu atten tusen mann av Israels barn til jorden; alle disse kunde dra sverd.

26 Da drog alle Israels barn, hele folket, op til Betel; der satt de og gråt for Herrens åsyn og fastet den dag til om aftenen, og de ofret brennoffer og takkoffer for Herrens åsyn.

27 Og Israels barn spurte Herren - for i den tid stod Guds pakts-ark der,

28 og Pinehas, sønn av Eleasar og sønnesønn av Aron, gjorde i den tid tjeneste for hans åsyn. - De sa: Skal jeg ennu en gang dra ut til strid mot min bror Benjamins barn, eller skal jeg la det være? Og Herren sa: Dra op! For imorgen vil jeg gi ham i din hånd.

29 Så la Israel folk i bakhold rundt omkring Gibea.

30 Og Israels barn drog op mot Benjamins barn den tredje dag og stilte sig op bortimot Gibea, likesom de tidligere ganger.

31 Da drog Benjamins barn ut imot folket og blev dradd bort fra byen; og likesom de tidligere ganger felte de i førstningen nogen av folket på alfarveiene som fører opover, den ene til Betel og den andre over marken til Gibea; det var omkring tretti mann av Israel de slo ihjel.

32 Og Benjamins barn sa: De ligger under for oss, nu som før. Men Israels barn sa: La oss flykte og dra dem bort fra byen, ut på alfarveiene!

33 Så brøt alle Israels menn op fra det sted hvor de hadde stått, og stilte sig op i Ba'al-Tamar, mens Israels bakhold brøt frem fra sitt sted, fra Geba-sletten.

34 Og ti tusen utvalgte menn av hele Israel kom like foran Gibea, og striden blev hård; men Benjamins barn visste ikke at ulykken var like innpå dem.

35 Og Herren lot Benjamin ligge under for Israel, og Israels barn felte den dag fem og tyve tusen og et hundre mann av Benjamin; alle disse kunde dra sverd.

36 Benjamins barn tenkte først at Israels menn var slått; for de trakk sig tilbake for Benjamin, idet de satte sin lit til det bakhold de hadde lagt mot Gibea.

37 Men nu brøt bakholdet op i hast og falt inn i Gibea, og bakholdet drog frem og slo hele byen med sverdets egg.

38 Og det var gjort den avtale mellem Israels menn og bakholdet at disse skulde la en tett røk stige op fra byen.

39 Så vendte da Israels menn sig om i striden - Benjamin hadde i førstningen felt nogen av Israels menn, omkring tretti mann, og sa derfor: Sannelig de ligger under for oss, likesom i det første slag.

40 Og da røken begynte å stige op fra byen som en svær støtte, hadde Benjamin vendt sig om og sett at hele byen stod i én lue som slo op mot himmelen.

41 Da nu Israels menn vendte sig om, blev Benjamins menn forferdet, for de så at ulykken var like inn på dem.

42 Og de vendte sig og flyktet for Israels menn og tok veien til ørkenen; men striden fulgte dem i hælene, og dem som var fra byene*, dem felte de** midt iblandt dem. / {* DM 20, 14. 15.} / {** Israels menn.}

43 De omringet Benjamin, forfulgte ham og trådte ham ned hvor han hvilte, til de var like i øst for Gibea.

44 Og det falt av Benjamin atten tusen mann, alle sammen djerve stridsmenn.

45 Så vendte de sig og flyktet til ørkenen bortimot immons klippe, og på alfarveiene holdt de* en efterslett iblandt dem på fem tusen mann, og de forfulgte dem til Gideon og slo to tusen mann av dem. / {* Israels menn.}

46 De som falt av Benjamin den dag, var i alt fem og tyve tusen mann som kunde dra sverd, alle sammen djerve stridsmenn.

47 Men seks hundre mann vendte sig og flyktet ut i ørkenen, til immons klippe, og de blev på immons klippe i fire måneder.

48 Men Israels menn vendte tilbake til Benjamins barn og slo dem med sverdets egg, både byen med sine folk og feet og alt hvad der fantes; og alle byene som fantes der, satte de ild på.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Israel’s war with the tribe of Benjamin

The events of the previous chapter carry over into the last two chapters of the book of Judges, this one and the final one. The overall content of this chapter is about the division between Israel and the tribe of Benjamin (where the town of Gibeah was situated) and the eventual long war in which thousands on both sides died.

All Israel gathered together at Mizpah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers with swords, from every tribe, except the tribe of Benjamin who heard about the gathering. The reason for coming together, prompted by the dismembered parts of the concubine, was to decide what to do. The Levite told the story of the events. The men of Israel heard and decided that they would all immediately go up against the tribe of Benjamin, for them to hand over the perverted men of Gibeah for justice to be done and for Israel to be redeemed. They agreed to take one man out of every ten to go and, if necessary, to fight.

The spiritual meaning in this opening and gathering of Israel at Mizpah is mostly about its incompleteness. The tribe of Benjamin was not present even though Mizpah was in Benjamin’s territory. Spiritual incompleteness in us is to leave something out of our love and faithfulness to the Lord which makes each one of us a whole being. The twelve tribes of Israel stand for all the qualities which come together to form our spiritual life and purpose. (True Christian Religion 38)

The men of Israel go up and ask the Lord who should go to fight first. The reply is that Judah go first. The men of Benjamin refuse to hand the men of Gibeah over and they form an army to fight Israel. In the fighting, the men of Benjamin cut down twenty-two thousand men of Israel. Israel goes and weeps to the Lord and asks if they should go up again against their brother Benjamin. The Lord says they are to go up again.

The spiritual meaning of the tribe of Benjamin is that it stands for the ‘medium’ or the vital connection between what is internal or celestial and what is external or natural. If this connection is absent there is no passage or mutual link between these two and they are separated. This removes the completeness of our spiritual life as a whole. (See Arcana Caelestia 5822.)

Israel goes up against Benjamin on the second day and eighteen thousand men of Israel are cut down by the army of Benjamin. Israel goes to the house of the Lord and weeps, and asks if they should yet go out to fight their brother Benjamin. The Lord says that they are to fight a third time, and the He will deliver them into their hand.

Israel weeps. Weeping or crying stands for mourning the loss of something which is no longer present. In a good sense ‘weeping’ can be for the sense of loss of what is loved and what is part of us, here represented by ‘to battle the children of my brother Benjamin’.
The Lord wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44). (Arcana Caelestia 4293.3)

Israel fights on three consecutive day, and on the third day they defeat the tribe of Benjamin. ‘On the third day’ (see verse 30) stands for the need for conflict and personal states in our spiritual temptations and battles to be worked through until they are brought to an end and we can be brought out of temptation, into a new state. (Arcana Caelestia 5159)

The men of Israel laid an ambush and then went as before to fight the men of Benjamin. They moved away from them and Benjamin followed them and killed some men of Israel. The men in ambush arose and went to Gibeah and by arrangement made a great column of smoke after killing the men of the city. (Arcana Caelestia 9144) The men of Benjamin saw this and panicked, and twenty three thousand of them were slain. Six hundred men escaped and hid, and Israel went all around and destroyed men of Benjamin wherever they were found.

The spiritual meaning of this final battle is in the extent of the numbers killed and the aftermath of the victory with further killing. To ‘kill’ (or destroy) when it is used in the Word is to work completely towards the full expulsion of states, thoughts and intentions in us which are in opposition to the way of the Word and its wholeness and healing. (Arcana Caelestia 9320) This is the meaning of the term ‘vastation’ in which things which are opposed to the Lord need to be worked through and brought to an end so that a new state can come.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2723, 2799, 6804, 9396, 9416, 9422

Apocalypse Revealed 342


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 687

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