Dommernes 2

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1 Og Herrens engel kom fra Gilgal op til Bokim. Og han sa: Jeg hentet eder op fra Egypten og førte eder til det land jeg tilsvor eders fedre, og sa: Aldri i evighet vil jeg bryte min pakt med eder;

2 men I skal ikke gjøre pakt med dette lands innbyggere; deres altere skal I rive ned. Men I hørte ikke på mine ord; hvad har I gjort!

3 Jeg sa også: Jeg vil ikke drive dem ut for eder, men de skal bli til brodder i eders sider, og deres guder skal bli til en snare for eder.

4 Og da Herrens engel talte disse ord til alle Israels barn, gråt folket høit.

5 Derfor kalte de dette sted Bokim*, og de ofret der til Herren. / {* de gråtende.}

6 Da Josva hadde latt folket fare, og Israels barn hadde draget hver til sin arv for å ta landet i eie,

7 tjente folket Herren så lenge Josva levde, og så lenge alle de eldste levde som overlevde Josva og hadde sett alle de store gjerninger Herren hadde gjort for Israel.

8 Men da Josva, Nuns sønn, Herrens tjener, var død, hundre og ti år gammel,

9 og de hadde begravet ham på hans arvelodds grunn i Timnat-Heres i Efra'im-fjellene, nordenfor Ga'as-fjellet,

10 og da hele denne slekt var samlet til sine fedre, og det efter dem var vokset op en annen slekt, som ikke kjente Herren, og heller ikke de gjerninger han hadde gjort for Israel,

11 da gjorde Israels barn det som var ondt i Herrens øine, og dyrket Ba'alene*. / {* hedningenes avguder.}

12 De forlot Herren, sine fedres Gud, som hadde ført dem ut av Egyptens land, og de fulgte andre guder av de folks guder som bodde rundt omkring dem, og de tilbad dem og vakte Herrens harme.

13 De forlot Herren og dyrket Ba'al og Astarte-billedene.

14 Da optendtes Herrens vrede mot Israel, og han gav dem i røveres hånd, som plyndret dem; han solgte dem i deres fienders hånd, de som bodde rundt omkring dem, og de kunde ikke mere stå sig mot sine fiender.

15 Overalt hvor de drog ut, var Herrens hånd imot dem, så det gikk dem ille, således som Herren hadde sagt dem, og som Herren hadde svoret, og deres trengsel var stor.

16 Da opreiste Herren dommere, og de frelste dem av røvernes hånd.

17 Men heller ikke mot sine dommere var de lydige; de holdt sig med andre guder og tilbad dem; de vek snart av fra den vei deres fedre hadde vandret i lydighet mot Herrens bud, og gjorde ikke som de.

18 Og når Herren opreiste dem dommere, så var Herren med dommeren og frelste dem av deres fienders hånd så lenge dommeren levde; for Herren ynkedes over dem når de sukket for deres skyld som plaget og undertrykte dem.

19 Men når så dommeren døde, falt de igjen tilbake og fór verre frem enn sine fedre: De fulgte andre guder og dyrket dem og tilbad dem; de avstod ikke fra nogen av sine gjerninger eller fra sin gjenstridige ferd.

20 Så optendtes Herrens vrede mot Israel, og han sa: Fordi dette folk har brutt min pakt, som jeg oprettet med deres fedre, og ikke har hørt på min røst,

21 så vil jeg heller ikke mere drive bort for dem noget av de folk som Josva lot tilbake da han døde.

22 Ved dem skulde Israel prøves, om de vilde ta vare på Herrens vei og vandre på den, som deres fedre gjorde, eller ikke.

23 Så lot da Herren disse folk bli og hastet ikke med å drive dem bort; han gav dem ikke i Josvas hånd.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Významy biblických slov

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

evighet
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

Lands
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

innbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

altere
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

sider
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

guder
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sted
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

arv
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

eldste
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

sett
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

gammel
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

fjellene
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

samlet
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Ba'alene
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

egyptens
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

plyndret
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fiender
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stå
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trengsel
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dommere
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vei
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

falt
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tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

hørt
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josvas
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

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