Dommernes 19

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1 På denne tid da det ingen konge fantes i Israel, var det en mann av Levi stamme som opholdt sig som fremmed langt inne på Efra'imfjellet. Han tok sig en medhustru fra Betlehem i Juda.

2 Men hans medhustru var utro mot ham og reiste fra ham og hjem til sin fars hus i Betlehem i Juda. Der blev hun en tid, en fire måneder.

3 Da tok hennes mann avsted og reiste efter henne for å tale kjærlig til henne og få henne til å komme tilbake, og han hadde med sig sin dreng og et par asener. Hun førte ham inn i sin fars hus, og da den unge kvinnes far så ham, gikk han ham glad i møte.

4 Og hans svigerfar - den unge kvinnes far - holdt på ham, så han blev hos ham i tre dager; og de åt og drakk og blev der natten over.

5 Den fjerde dag stod de tidlig op om morgenen, og han gjorde sig ferdig til å reise. Da sa den unge kvinnes far til sin svigersønn: Få dig først litt mat til å styrke dig med! Så kan I siden ta avsted.

6 De satte sig da begge to og åt og drakk sammen, og den unge kvinnes far sa til mannen: Vær nu så snild og bli her natten over og hygg dig her!

7 Og da mannen reiste sig og vilde ta avsted, nødde svigerfaren ham, så han gav efter og blev der natten over.

8 Den femte dag stod han atter tidlig op om morgenen og vilde reise sin vei. Da sa den unge kvinnes far: Kjære, få dig først noget å styrke dig med, og så får I bie til det lider over middag. Så åt de begge sammen.

9 Siden gjorde da mannen sig ferdig til å reise med sin medhustru og sin dreng; men hans svigerfar - den unge kvinnes far - sa til ham: Nu lider det mot aften; bli her natten over! Du ser dagen heller, bli her inatt og hygg dig her! Så kan I tidlig imorgen gi eder på veien, så du kan komme hjem igjen.

10 Men mannen vilde ikke bli natten over. Han gjorde sig ferdig og drog avsted og kom på sin vei til midt imot Jebus, det er Jerusalem. Han hadde med sig et par asener med kløv, og hans medhustru var med ham.

11 Da de var ved Jebus, var det alt sent på dagen og drengen sa til sin herre: Kom, la oss ta inn i jebusittenes by og bli der inatt!

12 Men hans herre sa til ham: Vi vil ikke ta inn i en by hvor det bare bor fremmede og ikke nogen av Israels barn; vi vil dra videre til Gibea.

13 sa han til drengen: Kom, la oss se til å nå en av de andre byer og bli natten over i Gibea eller ama!

14 Så drog de da videre frem, og da solen gikk ned, var de tett ved Gibea, som hører Benjamin til.

15 Der bøide de av for å gå inn i Gibea og bli der natten over. Da han kom inn i byen, blev han på gaten, for det var ingen som vilde ta dem inn i sitt hus for natten.

16 Da kom det ut på aftenen en gammel mann hjem fra sitt arbeid på marken. Mannen var fra Efra'im-fjellet og opholdt sig som fremmed i Gibea; men folket der på stedet var benjaminitter.

17 Da han så op, fikk han øie på den veifarende mann på byens gate. Da sa den gamle mann: Hvor skal du hen, og hvor kommer du fra?

18 Han svarte: Vi kommer fra Betlehem i Juda og skal langt inn i Efra'im-fjellene; der er jeg fra, og derfra drog jeg til Betlehem i Juda; jeg er nu på veien til Herrens hus*, men det er ingen som vil ta mig inn i sitt hus. / {* DM 18, 31.}

19 Jeg har både halm og fôr til våre asener og likeledes brød og vin for mig og for din tjenerinne og for drengen som dine tjenere har med sig; vi mangler ingen ting.

20 Da sa den gamle mann: Fred være med dig! La bare mig sørge for alt det du trenger, men på gaten må du ikke bli natten over.

21 Så førte han ham inn i sitt hus og blandet fôr for asenene, og de tvettet sine føtter og åt og drakk.

22 Mens de nu gjorde sig til gode, kom mennene i byen, ugudelige folk som de var, og omringet huset; de banket sterkt på døren og ropte til den gamle mann som eide huset: La den mann som har tatt inn i ditt hus, komme ut, så vi kan få vår vilje med ham!

23 Men mannen - han som eide huset - gikk ut til dem og sa: Ikke så, mine brødre! Gjør ikke så ond en gjerning! Siden denne mann nu er kommet i mitt hus, så bær eder ikke så skammelig at!

24 Se, her er min datter, som er jomfru, og hans medhustru; la mig føre dem ut, så kan I krenke dem og gjøre med dem som I finner for godt! Men mot denne mann må I ikke bære eder så skammelig at!

25 Men mennene vilde ikke høre på ham. Da tok mannen sin medhustru og førte henne ut på gaten til dem, og de lå hos henne og fór ille med henne hele natten til om morgenen og slapp henne ikke før det begynte å lysne.

26 Ved daggry kom kvinnen og falt om ved inngangen til den manns hus hos hvem hennes herre var, og der blev hun liggende til det blev lyst.

27 Da hennes herre stod op om morgenen og lukket op husets dør og gikk ut for å reise videre, da lå kvinnen, hans medhustru, ved inngangen til huset med hendene på dørtreskelen.

28 Han sa til henne: Stå op og la oss ta avsted! Men det var ingen som svarte. Da løftet mannen henne op på asenet og gav sig på veien til sitt hjem.

29 Og da han kom til sitt hus, grep han en kniv og tok sin medhustru og skar henne op, lem for lem, i tolv stykker og sendte henne omkring i hele Israels land.

30 Og hver den som så det, sa: Slikt har ikke hendt og er ikke sett like fra den dag Israels barn drog op fra Egyptens land, og til denne dag; tenk over det, hold råd og si eders mening!

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3148, 4592

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 Deborah and Barak Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the story of Deborah and Barak.
Activity | All Ages

 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


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