Dommernes 16

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Engang drog Samson til Gasa; der fikk han se en skjøge og gikk inn til henne.

2 Da folkene i Gasa fikk høre at Samson var kommet dit, omringet de ham og lurte på ham hele natten ved byporten, men holdt sig ellers rolig hele natten og sa: Når det lysner mot dag, vil vi slå ham ihjel.

3 Samson blev liggende til midnatt. Ved midnattstid stod han op; han grep fatt i byportens dører og i begge portstolpene og rykket dem op sammen med bommen, la dem på sine skuldrer og bar dem op på toppen av det fjell som ligger midt imot Hebron.

4 Siden fattet han kjærlighet til en kvinne i Sorek-dalen, som hette Dalila.

5 Da kom filistrenes høvdinger op til henne og sa til henne: Lokk ham til å si dig hvori hans store styrke ligger, og hvorledes vi kan rå med ham og binde ham, så vi får bukt med ham! Så vil vi gi dig hver elleve hundre* sekel sølv. / {* d.e. over tusen.}

6 sa Dalila til Samson: Kjære, la mig få vite hvori din store styrke ligger, og hvorledes du kan bindes, så en får bukt med dig!

7 Samson svarte: Dersom en binder mig med syv friske strenger som ikke er blitt tørre, så blir jeg svak og er som et annet menneske.

8 Da kom filistrenes høvdinger op til henne med syv friske strenger som ikke var blitt tørre; dem bandt hun ham med,

9 og i kammeret hadde hun folk sittende og lure. Så sa hun til ham: Filistrene er over dig, Samson! Da sønderrev han strengene som en tråd av stry brister når den kommer ilden for nær, og ingen fikk vite hvorledes det hadde sig med hans styrke.

10 Da sa Dalila til Samson: Du har narret mig og løiet for mig! Kjære, la mig nu få vite hvorledes du kan bindes!

11 Han svarte: Dersom en binder mig med nye rep som aldri har vært brukt til noget, så blir jeg svak og er som et annet menneske.

12 Da tok Dalila nye rep og bandt ham med dem og sa til ham: Filistrene er over dig, Samson! Og i kammeret satt der folk og lurte. Men han rev repene av sine armer som tråder.

13 Da sa Dalila til Samson: Hittil har du narret mig og løiet for mig! La mig nu få vite hvorledes du kan bindes! Han svarte henne: Når du vever de syv fletter på mitt hode sammen med renningen i veven.

14 Så slo hun dem fast med naglen og sa til ham: Filistrene er over dig, Samson! Og han våknet av sin søvn og rev ut både vevnaglen og renningen.

15 Da sa hun til ham: Hvorledes kan du si at du elsker mig når du ikke har nogen tiltro til mig? Nu har du narret mig tre ganger og ikke sagt mig hvori din store styrke ligger.

16 Da hun nu hver dag plaget ham med sine ord og trengte sterkt inn på ham, blev han så lei av sig at han næsten kunde ,

17 og så åpnet han hele sitt hjerte for henne og sa til henne: Det er ikke kommet rakekniv på mitt hode, for jeg har vært en Guds nasireer fra mors liv; dersom jeg blir raket, viker min styrke fra mig; jeg blir svak og er som alle andre mennesker.

18 Da skjønte Dalila at han hadde åpnet hele sitt hjerte for henne; hun sendte bud efter filistrenes høvdinger og lot si: Kom nu op, for han har åpnet hele sitt hjerte for mig. Da kom filistrenes høvdinger op til henne og hadde pengene med sig.

19 Så lot hun ham sove inn på sine knær og kalte på en mann og lot de syv fletter på hans hode rake av; og hun begynte å plage ham, og hans styrke vek fra ham.

20 Og hun sa: Filistrene er over dig, Samson! Da våknet han op av sin søvn og sa: Jeg skal nok gjøre mig fri denne gang som før og slite mig løs. Men han visste ikke at Herren var veket fra ham.

21 Da grep filistrene ham og stakk hans øine ut; og de førte ham ned til Gasa og bandt ham med to kobberlenker, og han malte korn i fangehuset.

22 Men med det samme han var raket, begynte håret på hans hode å vokse.

23 Så samledes filistrenes høvdinger for å bære frem et stort slaktoffer for sin gud Dagon og for å holde fest; for de sa: Vår gud har gitt Samson, vår fiende, i vår hånd.

24 Og da folket fikk se ham, lovet de sin gud og sa: Vår gud har gitt vår fiende i vår hånd, han som herjet vårt land og slo så mange av oss ihjel.

25 Mens de nu var glade og vel til mote, sa de: Hent Samson hit forat han kan leke for oss! Da hentet de Samson ut av fangehuset, og han lekte for dem, og de stilte ham mellem stolpene.

26 Da sa Samson til den gutt som holdt ham ved hånden: Slipp mig, og la mig få ta i stolpene som huset hviler på, og støtte mig til dem!

27 Men huset var fullt av menn og kvinner, alle filistrenes høvdinger var der, og på taket var det omkring tre tusen menn og kvinner, som så på at Samson lekte.

28 Da ropte Samson til Herren og sa: Herre, Herre! Kom mig i hu og styrk mig bare denne ene gang, min Gud, så jeg kan få hevne mig på filistrene for ett av mine to øine!

29 Så grep Samson om de to mellemste stolper, som huset hvilte på, og trykte sig inn til dem; den ene grep han om med sin høire, og den andre med sin venstre hånd.

30 Og Samson sa: La mig sammen med filistrene! Så bøide han sig fremover av all sin makt; da falt huset sammen over høvdingene og over alt folket som var der inne, og de som han drepte i sin død, var flere enn de han hadde drept i sitt liv.

31 Men hans brødre og hele hans fars hus drog ned og tok ham og førte ham hjem og la ham i Manoahs, hans fars grav mellem Sora og Estaol. Han hadde da vært dommer i Israel i tyve år.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

samson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

skjøge
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

natten
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

midnatt
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

dører
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Bar
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

fjell
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

kjærlighet
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

kvinne
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

binde
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

sølv
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

binder
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

syv
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

filistrene
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

vite
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

vever
signifies teach.

hode
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

søvn
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

elsker
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

tre ganger
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

åpnet
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

hjerte
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

nasireer
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

mors
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

knær
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

visste
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Vokse
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

fiende
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

gutt
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

menn
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

kvinner
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

hu
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

hevne
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

falt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

liv
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

grav
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

dommer
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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