Dommernes 13

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Men Israels barn gjorde atter det som var ondt i Herrens øine; og Herren gav dem i filistrenes hånd i firti år.

2 Der var en mann fra Sora av danittenes ætt, han hette Manoah; hans hustru var ufruktbar og hadde aldri hatt barn.

3 Og Herrens engel åpenbarte sig for kvinnen og sa til henne: Se, du er ufruktbar og har aldri hatt barn; men du skal bli fruktsommelig og føde en sønn.

4 Så ta dig nu i vare og drikk ikke vin eller sterk drikk og et ikke noget urent!

5 For nu skal du bli fruktsommelig og føde en sønn, og det skal ikke komme rakekniv på hans hode, for barnet skal være en Guds nasireer fra mors liv; og han skal begynne å frelse Israel fra filistrenes hånd.

6 Og kvinnen kom og sa til sin mann: En Guds mann kom til mig; han var å se til som Guds engel, såre forferdelig; men jeg spurte ham ikke hvorfra han var, og han sa mig ikke sitt navn.

7 Men han sa til mig: Nu skal du bli fruktsommelig og føde en sønn; drikk nu ikke vin eller sterk drikk og et ikke noget urent! For barnet skal være en Guds nasireer fra mors liv og til sin dødsdag.

8 Da bad Manoah til Herren og sa: Hør mig, Herre! La den Guds mann som du sendte, komme til oss igjen og lære oss hvad vi skal gjøre med det barn som skal fødes!

9 Og Gud hørte Manoahs bønn; og Guds engel kom atter til kvinnen, mens hun satt ute på marken, og Manoah, hennes mann, ikke var med henne.

10 Da skyndte kvinnen sig og løp hjem og fortalte det til sin mann og sa: Nu har han vist sig for mig igjen den mann som kom til mig her om dagen.

11 Manoah stod op og fulgte efter sin hustru, og da han kom til mannen, sa han til ham: Er du den mann som talte til min kone? Han svarte: Ja.

12 Og Manoah sa: Når nu dine ord går i opfyllelse, hvorledes skal vi da bære oss at med barnet, og hvad skal vi gjøre med ham?

13 Da sa Herrens engel til Manoah: Alt det jeg har nevnt for kvinnen, skal hun ta sig i vare for.

14 Hun skal ikke ete noget av det som kommer av vintreet, og ikke drikke vin eller sterk drikk og ikke ete noget urent; alt det jeg har pålagt henne, skal hun holde sig efter.

15 Da sa Manoah til Herrens engel: Kan vi ikke få dig til å bli en stund her, sa vi kan lage til et kje for dig!

16 Men Herrens engel sa til Manoah: Om du får mig til å bli, så eter jeg allikevel ikke av din mat; men vil du stelle til et brennoffer, så skal du ofre det til Herren. For Manoah visste ikke at det var Herrens engel.

17 Da sa Manoah til Herrens engel: Hvad er ditt navn? - så vi kan ære dig når dine ord går i opfyllelse.

18 Men Herrens engel sa til ham: Hvorfor spør du om mitt navn? - Det er et underlig navn!

19 Så tok Manoah kjeet og matofferet og ofret det på berget til Herren. Da lot han et under skje mens Manoah og hans hustru så på det:

20 Da luen steg op fra alteret mot himmelen, fór Herrens engel op i alterets lue mens Manoah og hans hustru så på det, og de falt på sitt ansikt til jorden.

21 Siden viste Herrens engel sig ikke mere for Manoah og hans hustru; da forstod Manoah at det var Herrens engel.

22 Og Manoah sa til sin hustru: Vi må visselig ; vi har sett Gud.

23 Men hans hustru sa til ham: Dersom Herren hadde lyst til å drepe oss, så hadde han ikke tatt imot brennoffer og matoffer av vår hånd og ikke latt oss se alt dette og ikke nu latt oss høre sådant.

24 Og kvinnen fødte en sønn og gav ham navnet Samson; og gutten vokste op, og Herren velsignet ham.

25 Og Herrens Ånd begynte å drive ham, mens han var i Dans leir mellem Sora og Estaol.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

En himmelsk lære om det nye Jerusalem 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Významy biblických slov

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

firti
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

ufruktbar
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

urent
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

hode
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

nasireer
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

komme
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

skyndte
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

kone
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

drikke
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

holde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

eter
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

mat
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

visste
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ære
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

himmelen
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

falt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ansikt
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sett
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

samson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

velsignet
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

leir
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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