Dommernes 11

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Gileaditten Jefta var en veldig krigsmann. Men han var sønn av en skjøge; hans far var Gilead.

2 Med sin hustru hadde Gilead også sønner; og da hustruens sønner blev store, jaget de Jefta bort og sa til ham: Du skal ingen arvelodd ha i vår fars hus, for du er sønn av en fremmed kvinne.

3 Da flyktet Jefta for sine brødre og bosatte sig i landet Tob; og der samlet sig en flokk løse menn om Jefta og var med ham på hans tog.

4 Nogen tid efter begynte Ammons barn krig mot Israel.

5 Og da Ammons barn bar våben mot Israel, gikk de eldste i Gilead avsted for å hente Jefta fra landet Tob.

6 Og de sa til Jefta: Kom og bli vår fører, så vil vi stride mot Ammons barn.

7 Men Jefta sa til de eldste i Gilead: Var det ikke I som hatet mig og jaget mig bort fra min fars hus? Hvorfor kommer I da til mig, nu I er i trengsel?

8 De eldste i Gilead svarte: Derfor er det jo vi nu kommer til dig igjen; du må gå med oss og stride mot Ammons barn, så skal du være høvding over oss, over alle som bor Gilead.

9 Da sa Jefta til de eldste i Gilead: Dersom I nu får mig med eder tilbake for å stride mot Ammons barn, og Herren gir dem i min vold, så er det jeg som skal være eders høvding!

10 Og de eldste i Gilead sa til Jefta: Herren skal være vidne mellem oss. Han straffe oss dersom vi ikke gjør som du sier!

11 Så gikk Jefta med de eldste i Gilead, og folket gjorde ham til sin høvding og fører. Og Jefta gjentok i Mispa alle sine ord for Herrens åsyn.

12 Så sendte Jefta bud til ammonittenes konge og lot si: Hvad vil du mig, siden du kommer til mig og fører krig mot mitt land?

13 Da sa ammonittenes konge til Jeftas sendebud: Fordi Israel, da de drog op fra Egypten, tok mitt land like fra Arnon til Jabbok og til Jordan; gi det nu tilbake med det gode!

14 Men Jefta sendte atter bud til ammonittenes konge

15 og lot si til ham: Så sier Jefta: Israel har ikke tatt Moabs land eller ammonittenes land.

16 For da de drog op fra Egypten, vandret Israel i ørkenen til det øde Hav og kom til Kades.

17 Da sendte Israel bud til Edoms konge og lot si: La mig få dra gjennem ditt land! Men Edoms konge hørte ikke på dem. Også til Moabs konge sendte de bud; men han vilde heller ikke. Så blev Israel i Kades.

18 Siden vandret de i ørkenen og drog utenom Edoms land og Moabs land og kom frem østenfor Moabs land og leiret sig på hin side Arnon; men de kom ikke inn i Moabs land, for Arnon er Moabs grense.

19 Så sendte Israel bud til Sihon, amorittenes konge, kongen i Hesbon, og Israel lot ham si: La oss få dra gjennem ditt land, så vi kan komme dit vi skal!

20 Men Sihon hadde ikke så god tro til Israel at han torde la dem dra gjennem sitt land; han samlet alt sitt folk, og de leiret sig i Jahsa, og han angrep Israel.

21 Og Herren, Israels Gud, gav Sihon og alt hans folk i Israels hånd, og de slo dem; og Israel inntok hele det land som tilhørte amorittene, det folk som bodde der;

22 hele amorittenes land inntok de like fra Arnon til Jabbok og fra ørkenen til Jordan.

23 Så har nu Herren, Israels Gud, drevet amorittene bort for sitt folk Israel; og nu vil du ta dets land i eie?

24 Er det ikke så at hvad din gud Kamos lar dig få, det tar du i eie, og alt hvad Herren vår gud rydder for oss, det tar vi i eie?

25 Er da du bedre enn Balak, Sippors sønn, Moabs konge? Trettet vel han med Israel eller førte krig mot dem?

26 Nu har Israel bodd tre hundre år i Hesbon og de byer som hører det til, og i Aroer med tilhørende byer og i alle de byer som ligger ved Arnons bredder; hvorfor har I da ikke tatt dem igjen i all denne tid?

27 Jeg har ikke gjort dig noget ondt, men du gjør nu urett mot mig ved å angripe mig; Herren, han som er dommer, han skal dømme idag mellem Israels barn og Ammons barn.

28 Men ammonittenes konge hørte ikke på de ord som Jeftas sendebud bar frem til ham.

29 Da kom Herrens Ånd over Jefta, og han drog gjennem Gilead og Manasse; så drog han frem til Mispa i Gilead; og fra Mispa i Gilead drog han frem mot Ammons barn.

30 Og Jefta gjorde et løfte til Herren og sa: Dersom du gir Ammons barn i min hånd,

31 da skal den som går ut av døren til mitt hus og møter mig, når jeg kommer uskadd tilbake fra Ammons barn, da skal den høre Herren til; jeg skal ofre ham til brennoffer.

32 Så drog Jefta frem mot Ammons barn og stred mot dem, og Herren gav dem i hans hånd;

33 han slo dem og tok fra dem landet fra Aroer til bortimot Minnit, tyve byer, og like til Abel-Keramim; det blev et svært mannefall, og Ammons barn blev ydmyket under Israels barn.

34 Da Jefta kom hjem til sitt hus i Mispa, da gikk hans datter ut imot ham med trommer og dans; hun var hans eneste barn, foruten henne hadde han hverken sønn eller datter.

35 Med det samme han fikk se henne, sønderrev han sine klær og sa: Akk, min datter, hvilken sorg du volder mig, hvilken ulykke du fører over mig! Jeg har gjort et løfte til Herren, og jeg kan ikke ta det tilbake.

36 Da sa hun til ham: Min far! Har du gjort et løfte til Herren, så gjør med mig som du har lovt, siden Herren lot dig få hevn over dine fiender, Ammons barn!

37 sa hun til sin far: Bare én ting vil jeg be dig om: La mig være fri to måneder, så jeg kan gå nedfjellene og gråte over min jomfrustand sammen med mine venninner.

38 Og han sa: Gjør så! Så lot han henne være fri to måneder; og hun gikk avsted med sine venninner og gråt over sin jomfrustand på fjellene.

39 Og da to måneder var omme, kom hun tilbake til sin far, og han gjorde med henne efter det løfte han hadde gjort; og hun hadde ikke visst av mann. Så blev det en skikk i Israel:

40 År for år går Israels døtre avsted for å prise Jeftas, gileadittens datter fire dager om året.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

sønn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

skjøge
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

far
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

til
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

kvinne
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

flyktet
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

eldste
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

fører
The meaning of "leading" people in the Bible is pretty straightforward, though obviously it is about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When...

hatet
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gir
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

ørkenen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

grense
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

samlet
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

slo
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tre
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hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

byer
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tid
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dommer
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

dømme
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

løfte
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

møter
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tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

datter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

trommer
A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

dans
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

klær
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

sorg
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

fiender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

måneder
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

gå ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

fjellene
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

døtre
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

dager
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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