Dommernes 10

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1 Efter Abimelek stod Tola frem og frelste Israel; han var sønn av Pua, Dodos sønn, av Issakars stamme, og bodde i Samir på Efra'im-fjellet.

2 Han dømte Israel i tre og tyve år, og han døde og blev begravet i Samir.

3 Efter ham stod gileaditten Ja'ir frem og dømte Israel i to og tyve år.

4 Han hadde tretti sønner, som red på tretti asenfoler og hadde tretti byer; disse kalles den dag idag Ja'irs byer; de ligger i Gileads land.

5 Og Ja'ir døde og blev begravet i Kamon.

6 Og Israels barn gjorde atter det som var ondt i Herrens øine, og dyrket Ba'alene og Astarte-billedene og Arams guder og Sidons guder og Moabs guder og ammonittenes guder og filistrenes guder; de forlot Herren og tjente ham ikke.

7 Da optendtes Herrens vrede mot Israel, og han solgte dem i filistrenes hånd og i ammonittenes hånd,

8 og de begynte i samme år å trenge og undertrykke Israels barn; i atten år trengte de alle Israels barn som bodde på hin side Jordan, i amorittenes land, i Gilead.

9 Og Ammons barn satte også over Jordan for å stride mot Juda og mot Benjamin og mot Efra'ims hus; og Israel kom i stor trengsel.

10 Da ropte Israels barn til Herren og sa: Vi har syndet mot dig; vi har forlatt vår Gud og dyrket Ba'alene.

11 Og Herren sa til Israels barn: Har jeg ikke frelst eder fra egypterne og amorittene og Ammons barn og filistrene?

12 Og da sidonierne og Amalek og Maon undertrykte eder, og I ropte til mig, frelste jeg eder av deres hånd.

13 Men I forlot mig og dyrket andre guder; derfor vil jeg ikke frelse eder mere.

14 Gå bort og rop til de guder I har valgt eder! La dem frelse eder, nu da I er i slik trengsel!

15 Da sa Israels barn til Herren: Vi har syndet! Gjør med oss hvad der tykkes dig godt; bare du vil frelse oss denne gang!

16 Og de hadde de fremmede guder bort fra sig og tjente Herren; da kunde han ikke tåle å se på Israels nød.

17 Og Ammons barn blev kalt til våben og leiret sig i Gilead; og Israels barn samlet sig og leiret sig i Mispa.

18 Da sa krigsfolket, høvdingene i Gilead, til hverandre: Hvor er den mann som vil gå først i striden mot Ammons barn? Han skal være høvding over alle som bor i Gilead.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.


This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

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