Dommernes 10

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1 Efter Abimelek stod Tola frem og frelste Israel; han var sønn av Pua, Dodos sønn, av Issakars stamme, og bodde i Samir på Efra'im-fjellet.

2 Han dømte Israel i tre og tyve år, og han døde og blev begravet i Samir.

3 Efter ham stod gileaditten Ja'ir frem og dømte Israel i to og tyve år.

4 Han hadde tretti sønner, som red på tretti asenfoler og hadde tretti byer; disse kalles den dag idag Ja'irs byer; de ligger i Gileads land.

5 Og Ja'ir døde og blev begravet i Kamon.

6 Og Israels barn gjorde atter det som var ondt i Herrens øine, og dyrket Ba'alene og Astarte-billedene og Arams guder og Sidons guder og Moabs guder og ammonittenes guder og filistrenes guder; de forlot Herren og tjente ham ikke.

7 Da optendtes Herrens vrede mot Israel, og han solgte dem i filistrenes hånd og i ammonittenes hånd,

8 og de begynte i samme år å trenge og undertrykke Israels barn; i atten år trengte de alle Israels barn som bodde på hin side Jordan, i amorittenes land, i Gilead.

9 Og Ammons barn satte også over Jordan for å stride mot Juda og mot Benjamin og mot Efra'ims hus; og Israel kom i stor trengsel.

10 Da ropte Israels barn til Herren og sa: Vi har syndet mot dig; vi har forlatt vår Gud og dyrket Ba'alene.

11 Og Herren sa til Israels barn: Har jeg ikke frelst eder fra egypterne og amorittene og Ammons barn og filistrene?

12 Og da sidonierne og Amalek og Maon undertrykte eder, og I ropte til mig, frelste jeg eder av deres hånd.

13 Men I forlot mig og dyrket andre guder; derfor vil jeg ikke frelse eder mere.

14 Gå bort og rop til de guder I har valgt eder! La dem frelse eder, nu da I er i slik trengsel!

15 Da sa Israels barn til Herren: Vi har syndet! Gjør med oss hvad der tykkes dig godt; bare du vil frelse oss denne gang!

16 Og de hadde de fremmede guder bort fra sig og tjente Herren; da kunde han ikke tåle å se på Israels nød.

17 Og Ammons barn blev kalt til våben og leiret sig i Gilead; og Israels barn samlet sig og leiret sig i Mispa.

18 Da sa krigsfolket, høvdingene i Gilead, til hverandre: Hvor er den mann som vil gå først i striden mot Ammons barn? Han skal være høvding over alle som bor i Gilead.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Salmenes 106:43, 45

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Významy biblických slov

abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

tretti
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Ba'alene
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

guder
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

egypterne
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

filistrene
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

samlet
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...


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