Josvas 4

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1 Da nu hele folket var kommet vel over Jordan, sa Herren til Josva:

2 Velg ut tolv menn av folket, én mann av hver stamme,

3 og byd dem og si: Ta op her fra Jordans bunn tolv stener, fra det sted hvor prestenes føtter står, og hold dem ferdige, og bær dem med eder over og legg dem ned på det sted hvor I blir denne natt over!

4 Da lot Josva de tolv menn kalle som han hadde valgt blandt Israels barn, én mann for hver stamme.

5 Og Josva sa til dem: Gå foran Herrens, eders Guds ark ut i Jordan og ta hver sin sten op på skulderen, efter tallet på Israels barns stammer!

6 Disse stener skal være et tegn blandt eder. Når eders barn i fremtiden spør: Hvad er dette for stener?

7 da skal I si til dem: Jordans vann delte sig foran Herrens pakts-ark; da den drog ut i Jordan, delte Jordans vann sig, og disse stener skal være til et minne om dette for Israels barn til evig tid.

8 Israels barn gjorde som Josva bød, og tok tolv stener op av Jordan, således som Herren hadde sagt til Josva, efter tallet på Israels barns stammer, og de bar dem med sig over til det sted hvor de blev natten over, og la dem ned der.

9 Og ute i Jordan, på det sted hvor de prester som bar paktens ark, stod med sine føtter, reiste Josva tolv stener op, og de står der den dag idag.

10 Prestene som bar paktens ark, blev stående ute i Jordan, til det var skjedd alt det som Herren hadde befalt Josva å si til folket, efter alt det som Moses hadde befalt Josva. Og folket skyndte sig og gikk over.

11 Og da hele folket var kommet vel over, drog Herrens ark og prestene frem foran folket.

12 Og ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme drog fullt rustet frem foran Israels barn, således som Moses hadde sagt til dem.

13 Det var omkring firti tusen menn som væbnet til strid drog frem for Herrens åsyn til kamp på Jerikos ødemarker.

14 Den dag gjorde Herren Josva stor for hele Israels øine, og de fryktet ham, likesom de hadde fryktet Moses, alle hans livs dager.

15 Og Herren sa til Josva:

16 Byd prestene som bærer vidnesbyrdets ark, at de skal stige op av Jordan!

17 Og Josva bød prestene og sa: Stig op av Jordan!

18 Da nu prestene som bar Herrens pakts-ark, steg op av Jordan og hadde satt sine føtter på det tørre land, da vendte Jordans vann tilbake til sitt leie og gikk som før over alle sine bredder.

19 Det var den tiende dag i den første måned at folket steg op av Jordan, og de leiret sig ved Gilgal, lengst mot øst i landet omkring Jeriko.

20 Og der i Gilgal reiste Josva op de tolv stener som de hadde tatt op av Jordan.

21 Og han sa til Israels barn: Når eders barn i fremtiden spør sine fedre: Hvad er dette for stener?

22 da skal I fortelle eders barn det og si: Israel gikk tørrskodd over Jordan her,

23 fordi Herren eders Gud lot Jordans vann tørke bort foran eder til I kom over, likesom Herren eders Gud gjorde med det øde Hav, som han lot tørke bort foran oss til vi kom over,

24 forat alle folk på jorden skal kjenne at Herrens hånd er sterk, og forat I alle dager skal frykte Herren eders Gud.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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2 Mosebok 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

4 Mosebok 17:5

5 Mosebok 6:2, 11:30, 16:3, 33:21

Josvas 1:14, 17, 3:7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 4:6, 21, 5:9, 9:6, 24:11

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Jeremias 10:7

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Apenbaring 15:4

Významy biblických slov

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

sa
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herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

menn
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

føtter
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

natt
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Guds
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

tegn
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

vann
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

minne
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

evig
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

prester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

stående
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moses
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skyndte
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ubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

firti
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

jerikos
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

fryktet
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

dager
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

måned
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

jeriko
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

tørke
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

oss
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hånd
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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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