Josvas 22

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1 Da kalte Josva til sig rubenittene og gadittene og den halve Manasse stamme

2 og sa til dem: I har holdt alt det Moses, Herrens tjener, bød eder, og I har vært lydige mot mig i alt det jeg har befalt eder;

3 I har ikke sviktet eders brødre i denne lange tid, like til denne dag, men I har tatt vare på alt det Herren eders Gud har befalt eder å vareta.

4 Og nu har Herren eders Gud gitt eders brødre ro, således som han hadde tilsagt dem; så vend nu om og dra til eders telt, til eders eget land, det som Moses, Herrens tjener, gav eder på hin side Jordan.

5 Men gi nøie akt på å holde det bud og den lov Moses, Herrens tjener, gav eder, å elske Herren eders Gud og å vandre på alle hans veier og holde hans bud og holde fast ved ham og tjene ham av alt eders hjerte og av all eders sjel.

6 velsignet Josva dem og lot dem fare, og de drog til sine telt.

7 Den ene halvdel av Manasse stamme hadde Moses gitt deres arvelodd i Basan, og den andre halvdel hadde Josva gitt arvelodd sammen med deres brødre på den andre side av Jordan - på vestsiden. Da Josva nu lot dem fare til sine telt, velsignet han dem også

8 og sa til dem: Vend nu tilbake til eders telt med eders store rikdommer, med store mengder av fe, med sølv og gull og kobber og jern og med klær i stor mengde! Del med eders brødre det hærfang I har tatt fra eders fiender!

9 Så vendte ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme tilbake; de skiltes fra Israels barn og brøt op fra Silo, som ligger i Kana'ans land, for å dra til Gilead, sitt eget land, hvor de hadde fått sin eiendom efter den befaling Herren hadde gitt ved Moses.

10 Og da de kom til landet ved Jordan, den del derav som hører til Kana'ans land, bygget ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme et alter der ved Jordan, et stort alter, som såes lang vei.

11 Da hørte Israels barn at folk sa: Se, ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme har bygget et alter lengst fremme i Kana'ans land, i landet ved Jordan, midt imot Israels barn.

12 Og da Israels barn hørte dette, samlet hele Israels barns menighet sig i Silo for å dra op til strid mot dem.

13 Og Israel sendte Pinehas, presten Eleasars sønn, til ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme i Gileads land

14 og sammen med ham ti høvdinger, én familiehøvding for hver av Israels stammer, og hver av dem var overhode for sin familie blandt Israels tusener.

15 Og da de kom til ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme i Gileads land, talte de til dem og sa:

16 Således sier hele Herrens menighet: Hvad er dette for en troløshet I har gjort mot Israels Gud, at I idag har vendt eder bort fra Herren og bygget eder et alter - at I idag har satt eder op mot Herren?

17 Var det ikke nok med den misgjerning vi gjorde da vi holdt oss til Peor, en misgjerning som vi like til den dag idag ikke har renset oss fra, og for hvis skyld hjemsøkelsen kom over Herrens menighet?

18 Og I vender eder idag bort fra Herren! Sannelig, setter I eder idag op mot Herren, så vil han imorgen la sin vrede bryte løs mot hele Israels menighet.

19 Og synes I eders eiendomsland er urent, så kom bare over til Herrens eiendomsland, der hvor Herrens tabernakel står, og få eder eiendom midt iblandt oss, men sett eder ikke op mot Herren og sett eder ikke op mot oss ved å bygge eder et alter foruten Herrens, vår Guds alter!

20 Bar ikke Akan, Serahs sønn, sig troløst at med det bannlyste gods? Og det kom vrede over hele Israels menighet, og han var ikke den eneste som omkom for hans misgjernings skyld.

21 Da svarte ubens barn og Gads barn og den halve Manasse stamme og sa til høvdingene for Israels tusener:

22 Gud, Gud Herren, ja, Gud, Gud Herren, han vet det, og Israel skal vite det: Sannelig, det var ikke i tross eller i troløshet mot Herren - da frelse du oss ikke idag! -

23 at vi bygget oss et alter, som om vi vilde vende oss bort fra Herren; og sannelig, ikke for å ofre brennoffer og matoffer på det, og sannelig, ikke for å frembære takkoffer på det - da straffe Herren selv oss! -

24 men sannelig, vi gjorde det av frykt for hvad som kunde hende, for vi tenkte at eders barn engang kunde komme til å si til våre barn: Hvad har I å gjøre med Herren, Israels Gud?

25 Herren har jo satt Jordan til grense mellem oss og eder, ubens barn og Gads barn; I har ingen del i Herren. Således kunde eders barn få våre barn til å holde op med å frykte Herren.

26 Derfor sa vi: La oss ta oss fore å bygge et alter, ikke til brennoffer eller til slaktoffer,

27 men det skal være et vidne mellem oss og eder og mellem våre efterkommere om at vi vil tjene Herren for hans åsyn med våre brennoffer og slaktoffer og takkoffer, forat ikke eders barn engang skal si til våre barn: I har ingen del i Herren.

28 Og vi sa: Hvis de engang skulde si noget sådant til oss og våre efterkommere, da vil vi svare: Se på den efterligning av Herrens alter som våre fedre gjorde, ikke til brennoffer eller til slaktoffer, men til et vidne mellem oss og eder!

29 Det være langt fra oss å sette oss op mot Herren og idag vende oss bort fra Herren ved å bygge et alter til brennoffer eller matoffer eller slaktoffer foruten Herrens, vår Guds alter, som står foran hans tabernakel.

30 Da Pinehas, presten, og menighetens høvdinger og overhodene for Israels tusener, som var med ham, hørte de ord som ubens barn og Gads barn og Manasses barn talte, syntes de godt om det.

31 Og Pinehas, presten Eleasars sønn, sa til ubens barn og Gads barn og Manasses barn: Idag skjønner vi at Herren er midt iblandt oss, siden I ikke har gjort denne troløshet mot Herren; dermed har I frelst Israels barn av Herrens hånd.

32 Så skiltes Pinehas, presten Eleasars sønn, og høvdingene fra ubens barn og Gads barn i Gileads land og vendte om til Kana'ans land, til Israels barn, og kom tilbake med svar til dem.

33 Og Israels barn syntes godt om svaret; de lovet Gud og tenkte ikke mere på å dra op til strid mot dem og ødelegge det land hvor ubens barn og Gads barn bodde.

34 Og ubens barn og Gads barn gav alteret navn og sa: Et vidne er det mellem oss om at Herren er Gud.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 22      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 22: The tribes of Reuben, Gad and half Manasseh return.

With the land of Canaan now settled by Israel, the time had come for the men of Reuben, Gad, and one half of Manasseh to return to the other side of the Jordan, where their wives, children, cattle and sheep were left. The men of these two and a half tribes had been ordered to fight alongside the other tribes of Israel, and only then to return home.

They left, and when they came to the banks of the River Jordan, they built a large altar to the Lord. When the rest of Israel caught word of this, they wanted to go to war with these tribes, because they felt the altar was a sacrilege - Israel had the tabernacle for its worship of the Lord. They sent Phineas the priest to ask why they had built the altar. These tribes across the Jordan replied that in the future, the people of Israel may move against them, and reject them. They said the altar would serve as a witness to their worship of the Lord, just as the Israelites in Canaan worshiped. This answer pleased the priest, and when he told the leaders of Israel, it pleased them too.

The spiritual meaning of this episode is a very important one for us. The tribes living on the other side of the River Jordan stand for the worldly activities of our outward life, which in themselves are a very important part of our spiritual life. These actions make up the external part of spiritual life, in which we are able to do good (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9824[2]).

The tribes building an altar to God portrays our understanding that all the good we do, and all the use we provide, is possible because of the Lord. He is the giver of all good, which is why we must serve the Lord. Without use, spiritual thoughts and beliefs do not have a foundation (Arcana Caelestia 9473[3]).

Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh said that the people of Israel might cut them off in the future. In spiritual terms, this would be to separate spiritual life and external life in daily living. This would result in such things as hypocrisy, and faith without charity, both of which are a threat to our spiritual well-being (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The altar, which was built on Canaan’s side of the Jordan before these tribes crossed over, was to stand as a witness to the union between the tribes within Canaan and the tribes across the Jordan, as one nation before the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9714).

This unity means that we must be equally present in three areas of life: in the depths of our heart, in our worship and adoration of the Lord; in our mind, in our understanding and delight in the Lord’s Word with all its truth; and in our outward actions, where our acknowledgement of the Lord as our God leads us to be sincere, just, moral, fair, compassionate and dedicated to the service of God.

The answer from the three tribes pleased the priest and, in turn, the leaders of Israel. This reception represents our affirmation that ‘being spiritual’ does not take the place of helping others, but really demands that we serve the Lord in our daily actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 325[4]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1298, 3875, 4192, 4197, 8301, 8623


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 434

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Významy biblických slov

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

stamme
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

holdt
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

brødre
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

telt
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

holde
On a natural level, "clinging" to someone clearly indicates a desire to be close to them and conjoined with them. It often has a negative...

lov
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

tjene
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

veier
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

sjel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

velsignet
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

sølv
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

gull
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

kobber
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

jern
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

klær
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

fiender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

ubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

bygget
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

alter
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tusener
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

imorgen
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

urent
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

bygge
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

svarte
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

vet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

vite
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

grense
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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 The Eastern Tribes Return Home Review Questions
Read Joshua 22 to answer questions about the eastern tribes returning home across the Jordan river.
Activity | All Ages


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