Josvas 18

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Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Og hele Israels barns menighet samlet sig i Silo og reiste der sammenkomstens telt; og landet lå undertvunget foran dem.

2 Men det var ennu syv stammer tilbake blandt Israels barn som ikke hadde delt sin arv.

3 Da sa Josva til Israels barn: Hvor lenge vil I ennu dryge før I drar avsted og inntar det land Herren, eders fedres Gud, har gitt eder?

4 Kom nu med tre menn for hver stamme! Så vil jeg sende dem ut, og de skal gjøre sig rede og igjennem landet og skrive op det de ser, for utskiftningens skyld, og så komme tilbake til mig.

5 Del det så mellem eder i syv deler! Juda skal bli i sitt land mot syd, og Josefs hus skal bli i sitt land mot nord.

6 Og I skal skrive op alt det som er i landet, i syv deler, og komme hit til mig med det I har skrevet; så vil jeg kaste lodd for eder her, for Herrens, vår Guds åsyn.

7 For levittene får ingen del blandt eder, men Herrens prestedømme er deres arv; og Gad og uben og den halve Manasse stamme har fått sin arv på østsiden av Jordan - den arv som Moses, Herrens tjener, gav dem.

8 Så gjorde mennene sig rede og gikk; og da de drog avsted, bød Josva dem å skrive op alt det de så i landet; han sa: avsted og dra omkring i landet og skriv op alt det I ser der, og kom så tilbake til mig! Så vil jeg kaste lodd for eder for Herrens åsyn her i Silo.

9 Så gikk da mennene avsted og drog gjennem landet og skrev op det de så der, by for by, i en bok i syv deler; derefter kom de tilbake til Josva i leiren ved Silo.

10 Og Josva kastet lodd for dem i Silo for Herrens åsyn; der skiftet Josva landet mellem Israels barn efter deres ættegrener.

11 Først kom loddet ut for Benjamins barns stamme efter deres ætter; og det land som blev deres lodd, kom til å ligge mellem Judas barn og Josefs barn.

12 Og deres grense på nordsiden gikk ut fra Jordan og drog sig opover til fjellryggen i nord for Jeriko og derefter vestover op i fjellet og frem til ørkenen ved Bet-Aven.

13 Derfra gikk grensen over til Luz, til fjellryggen i syd for Luz, det er Betel; og så gikk grensen ned til Atrot-Addar over det fjell som ligger sønnenfor Nedre-Bet-Horon.

14 Så gjorde grensen en sving og bøide sig på vestsiden mot syd fra det fjell som ligger rett i syd for Bet-Horon, og den endte ved Kirjat-Ba'al, det er Kirjat-Jearim, en by som tilhørte Judas barn. Dette var vestsiden.

15 På sydsiden gikk grensen fra enden av Kirjat-Jearim - der var det grensen begynte i vest - og frem til Neftoah-vannets kilde.

16 Så gikk grensen ned til enden av det fjell som ligger midt imot Hinnoms sønns dal, nordenfor efa'im-dalen, og så ned i Hinnoms dal, i syd for jebusittenes fjellrygg, og derefter ned til En- ogel.

17 Så svinget den mot nord og gikk frem til En-Semes og videre til Gelilot, som ligger midt imot Adummim-skaret, og så ned til den sten som har navn efter Bohan, ubens sønn.

18 Der tok den over til den fjellrygg som ligger rett i nord for Ha'araba, og gikk derefter ned til Ha'araba.

19 Så tok grensen over til nordsiden av fjellryggen ved Bet-Hogla og endte ved den nordlige bukt av Salthavet, ved Jordans sydende. Dette var sydgrensen.

20 På østsiden var Jordan grensen. Dette var Benjamins barns arvelodd med dens grenser rundt omkring, efter deres ætter.

21 Og de byer som tilfalt Benjamins barns stamme efter deres ætter, var: Jeriko og Bet-Hogla og Emek-Kesis

22 og Bet-Ha'araba og Semara'im og Betel

23 og Ha'avvim og Happara og Ofra

24 og Kefar-Ha'ammoni og Haofni og Geba - tolv byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

25 Gibeon og ama og Be'erot

26 og Mispe og Hakkefira og Hammosa

27 og ekem og Jirpe'el og Tarala

28 og Sela, Haelef og Jebus, det er Jerusalem, Gibat, Kirjat - fjorten byer med tilhørende landsbyer. Dette var Benjamins barns arvelodd efter deres ætter.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Významy biblických slov

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

telt
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

syv
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

arv
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

gitt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

sende
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...


To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

skrive
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

josefs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

skrevet
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

Guds
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

gikk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

tilbake
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

skrev
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

by
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

bok
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

stamme
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

grense
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

jeriko
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ørkenen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

fjell
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sønns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

landsbyer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

ama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

fjorten
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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