Josvas 11

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1 Da Jabin, kongen i Hasor, hørte dette, sendte han bud til Jobab, kongen i Madon, og til kongen i Simron og til kongen i Aksaf

2 og til de konger som bodde mot nord, i fjellbygdene og på ødemarken sønnenfor Kinneret og i lavlandet og på Dor-høidene ved havet,

3 til kana'anittene i øst og i vest og til amorittene og hetittene og ferisittene og jebusittene i fjellbygdene og hevittene ved foten av Hermon i Mispa-landet.

4 Og de drog ut med alle sine hærer, en mengde så tallrik som sanden på havets bredd, og hester og vogner i hopetall.

5 Alle disse konger satte hverandre stevne; og de kom og leiret sig sammen ved Merom-vannet for å stride mot Israel.

6 Da sa Herren til Josva: Vær ikke redd dem! For imorgen ved denne tid legger jeg dem alle sammen ihjelslått for Israels åsyn; deres hester skal du skjære hasene over på, og deres vogner skal du brenne op med ild.

7 Og Josva med alt sitt krigsfolk kom brått på dem ved Meromvannet og overfalt dem.

8 Og Herren gav dem i Israels hånd; de slo dem og forfulgte dem like til det store Sidon og til Misrefot-Ma'im og i øst like til Mispe-dalen; de slo dem og lot ingen bli i live eller slippe unda.

9 Og Josva gjorde med dem som Herren hadde sagt til ham; deres hester skar han hasene over på, og deres vogner brente han op med ild.

10 Straks efter vendte Josva tilbake og inntok Hasor, og kongen der slo han ihjel med sverdet; for Hasor var fordum hovedstaden for alle disse kongeriker.

11 Og hver sjel som var der, slo de med sverdets egg og slo byen med bann; det blev ikke igjen nogen som drog ånde, og Hasor brente han op med ild.

12 Og alle de andre kongebyer med alle deres konger tok Josva og slo dem med sverdets egg; han slo dem med bann, således som Moses, Herrens tjener, hadde befalt.

13 Men ingen av byene som lå der på sine hauger, brente Israel op; det var bare Hasor Josva brente op.

14 Og alt hærfanget i disse byer og feet tok Israels barn for sig selv; men alt folket slo de med sverdets egg inntil de hadde utryddet dem; de lot ingen som drog ånde, bli igjen.

15 Det som Herren hadde pålagt Moses, sin tjener, det hadde Moses pålagt Josva, og det gjorde Josva; han lot ikke noget ugjort av alt det Herren hadde pålagt Moses.

16 Således inntok Josva hele dette land, både fjellbygdene og hele sydlandet og hele Gosen-landet* og lavlandet og ødemarken og fjellbygdene i Israel og lavlandet der, / {* JOS 10, 41.}

17 fra det nakne fjell som strekker sig op imot Se'ir, til Ba'al-Gad i Libanon-dalen ved foten av Hermon-fjellet; og alle kongene der tok han til fange og hugg dem ned og drepte dem.

18 I lang tid førte Josva krig med alle disse konger.

19 Det var ikke nogen by som med det gode overgav sig til Israels barn, uten hevittene som bodde i Gibeon; de tok alt sammen i strid;

20 for Herren laget det så at de forherdet sitt hjerte og drog i krig mot Israel, forat de skulde bli slått med bann og ingen nåde få, men ødelegges, således som Herren hadde befalt Moses.

21 På samme tid kom Josva og utryddet anakittene i fjellbygdene, i Hebron, i Debir, i Anab og i alle fjellbygdene både i Juda og i Israel; Josva slo dem og deres byer med bann.

22 Det blev ingen anakitter igjen i Israels barns land; bare i Gasa, i Gat og i Asdod blev nogen levnet.

23 Således inntok Josva hele landet, aldeles som Herren hadde sagt til Moses, og Josva gav Israel det til arv efter deres ættegrener i deres stammer. Og landet hadde nu ro for krig.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

konger
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

lavlandet
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

hetittene
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hevittene
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

sanden
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

hester
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

redd
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

imorgen
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

slo
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

sverdet
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

sjel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

byene
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

fjell
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Se'ir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

lang
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

krig
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

by
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

hjerte
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

gat
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

arv
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

ro
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

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Project | Ages 7 - 14

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Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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