Josvas 10

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1 Da Adoni-Sedek, kongen i Jerusalem, fikk høre at Josva hadde inntatt Ai og slått det med bann og gjort likedan med Ai og kongen der som han hadde gjort med Jeriko og dets konge, og at innbyggerne av Gibeon hadde gjort fred med Israel og bodde midt iblandt dem,

2 blev de meget redde; for Gibeon var en stor by, som en av kongebyene, og større enn Ai, og alle mennene der var djerve stridsmenn.

3 Så sendte Adoni-Sedek, kongen i Jerusalem, bud til Hoham, kongen i Hebron, og til Piream, kongen i Jarmut, og til Jafia, kongen i Lakis, og til Debir, kongen i Eglon, og lot si:

4 Kom op til mig og hjelp mig, sa vi kan slå Gibeon! For de har gjort fred med Josva og Israels barn.

5 Og de fem amorittiske konger, kongen i Jerusalem, kongen i Hebron, kongen i Jarmut, kongen i Lakis, kongen i Eglon, slo sig sammen og drog op med alle sine hærer; og de kringsatte Gibeon og stred mot det.

6 Da sendte innbyggerne i Gibeon bud til Josva i leiren ved Gilgal og lot si: Slå ikke hånden av dine tjenere, kom op til oss så fort du kan, og berg oss og hjelp oss! For alle amoritter-kongene som bor i fjellbygdene, har slått sig sammen mot oss.

7 Så drog Josva op fra Gilgal med alt sitt krigsfolk og alle sine djerve stridsmenn.

8 Og Herren sa til Josva: Vær ikke redd dem! Jeg har gitt dem i dine hender; ikke én av dem skal kunne stå sig mot dig.

9 kom Josva brått over dem; han brøt op fra Gilgal og marsjerte hele natten.

10 Og Herren slo dem med redsel for Israel, og Josva påførte dem et stort mannefall ved Gibeon, og han forfulgte dem på veien op til Bet-Horon og hugg dem ned, helt til Aseka og Makkeda.

11 Som de nu flyktet for Israel og var på veien ned fra Bet-Horon, da lot Herren store stener falle ned over dem fra himmelen helt til Aseka, så de døde; det omkom flere ved haglstenene enn Israels barn slo ihjel med sverdet.

12 Og Josva talte til Herren på den dag Herren gav amorittene i Israels barns vold, og han sa så hele Israel hørte det: Stå stille, sol, i Gibeon, og du måne, i Ajalons dal!

13 Og solen stod stille, og månen blev stående inntil folket hadde fått hevn over sine fiender. Således står det jo skrevet i Den rettskafnes bok * - Solen blev stående midt på himmelen og drygde næsten en hel dag, før den gikk ned. {* 2SA 1, 18.}

14 Og aldri har det vært nogen dag som denne, hverken før eller siden, da Herren hørte på en manns røst; for Herren stred for Israel.

15 Sa vendte Josva med hele Israel tilbake til leiren ved Gilgal.

16 Men de fem konger flyktet og skjulte sig i hulen ved Makkeda.

17 Da blev det meldt Josva: De fem konger er funnet; de hadde skjult sig i hulen ved Makkeda.

18 Josva sa: Velt store stener for inngangen til hulen og sett folk der til å passe på dem!

19 Men selv må I ikke stanse; forfølg eders fiender og hugg ned deres baktropp, la dem ikke komme inn i sine byer! For Herren eders Gud har gitt dem i eders hånd.

20 Da nu Josva og Israels barn hadde voldt et meget stort mannefall blandt dem og rent gjort ende på dem, så bare nogen få av dem kom sig unda og slapp inn i de faste byer,

21 da vendte hele folket i fred tilbake til Josva i leiren ved Makkeda, og ingen vågde mere å kny mot nogen av Israels barn.

22 Da sa Josva: Åpne inngangen til hulen og før de fem konger ut til mig!

23 De gjorde således og førte de fem konger ut til ham fra hulen, kongen i Jerusalem, kongen i Hebron, kongen i Jarmut, kongen i Lakis, kongen i Eglon.

24 Og da de hadde ført disse konger ut til Josva, kalte Josva alle Israels menn til sig og sa til førerne for de stridsmenn som hadde draget med ham: Kom hit og sett foten på nakken av disse konger! Og de trådte frem og satte foten på deres nakke.

25 Og Josva sa til dem: Frykt ikke og reddes ikke, vær frimodige og sterke! For således skal Herren gjøre med alle fiender som I kommer i strid med.

26 Derefter hugg Josva dem ned og drepte dem og hengte dem op på fem trær; og de blev hengende på trærne helt til aftenen.

27 Men på den tid solen gikk ned, bød Josva sine folk å ta dem ned av trærne og kaste dem i den hule de hadde skjult sig i; og for inngangen til hulen la de store stener, som ligger der den dag idag.

28 Samme dag inntok Josva Makkeda og slo byen med sverdets egg, og kongen der slo han med bann og hver sjel som var der; han lot ikke nogen bli i live eller slippe unda; han gjorde med kongen i Makkeda som han hadde gjort med kongen i Jeriko.

29 Fra Makkeda drog Josva med hele Israel til Libna og stred mot Libna.

30 Og Herren gav også denne by med dens konge i Israels hånd, og han slo den med sverdets egg og hugg ned hver sjel som var der; han lot ikke nogen bli i live eller slippe unda; han gjorde med kongen der som han hadde gjort med kongen i Jeriko.

31 Så drog Josva med hele Israel fra Libna til Lakis; og han leiret sig mot byen og stred mot den.

32 Og Herren gav Lakis i Israels hånd; den annen dag inntok han byen og slo den med sverdets egg og hugg ned hver sjel som var der, aldeles som han hadde gjort med Libna.

33 Da drog Horam, kongen i Geser, op for å hjelpe Lakis; men Josva slo ham og hans folk og lot ikke nogen av dem bli i live eller slippe unda.

34 Fra Lakis drog Josva med hele Israel til Eglon; og de leiret sig mot byen og stred mot den.

35 Og de inntok byen samme dag og slo den med sverdets egg, og hver sjel som var der, slo han med bann samme dag, aldeles som han hadde gjort med Lakis.

36 Så drog Josva med hele Israel fra Eglon op til Hebron; og de stred mot byen

37 og inntok den og slo den med sverdets egg, både den og dens konge og alle småbyer som lå under den, og hugg ned hver sjel som var der; han lot ikke nogen bli i live eller slippe unda, aldeles som han hadde gjort med Eglon; han slo byen og hver sjel som var der, med bann.

38 Derefter vendte Josva sig med hele Israel mot Debir og stred mot byen.

39 Og han tok den og dens konge og alle småbyer som lå under den, og de slo dem med sverdets egg, og hver sjel som var der, slo de med bann; han lot ikke nogen bli i live eller slippe unda; som han hadde gjort med Hebron, og som han hadde gjort med Libna og kongen der, således gjorde han med Debir og kongen der.

40 Således tok Josva hele landet, både fjellbygdene og sydlandet og lavlandet og liene, og slo alle kongene der; han lot ikke nogen bli i live eller slippe unda, og alt som drog ånde, slo han med bann, således som Herren, Israels Gud, hadde befalt.

41 Alt som fantes mellem Kades-Barnea og Gasa, og hele Gosenlandet like til Gibeon slo han under sig.

42 Og alle disse konger og deres land tok Josva på én gang; for Herren, Israels Gud, stred for Israel.

43 Derefter vendte Josva med hele Israel tilbake til leiren ved Gilgal.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josvas 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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