Daniel 5

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1 Kong Belsasar gjorde et stort gjestebud for sine tusen stormenn, og han drakk vin for deres øine.

2 Da vinen smakte Belsasar, bød han at de gull- og sølvkar som hans far Nebukadnesar hadde tatt bort fra templet i Jerusalem, skulde hentes, så kongen og hans stormenn, hans hustruer og hans medhustruer kunde drikke av dem.

3 Så hentet de de gullkar som var tatt bort fra templet, fra Guds hus i Jerusalem; og kongen og hans stormenn, hans hustruer og hans medhustruer drakk av dem.

4 De drakk vin og priste sine guder av gull og sølv, av kobber, jern, tre og sten.

5 I samme stund kom det til syne fingrer av en menneskehånd, som skrev på den kalkede vegg i kongens palass, midt imot lysestaken. Og kongen så den hånd som skrev.

6 Da skiftet kongen farve, og hans tanker forferdet ham; hans lenders ledemot slappedes, og hans knær slo mot hverandre.

7 Og kongen ropte med høi røst at de skulde hente åndemanerne, kaldeerne og sannsigerne. Så tok han da til orde og sa til Babels vismenn: Den mann som leser denne skrift og kunngjør mig dens uttydning, han skal klæs i purpur og få en gullkjede om sin hals, og i makt skal han være den tredje i riket.

8 Da alle kongens vismenn var kommet til stede, var de ikke i stand til å lese skriften og kunngjøre kongen dens uttydning.

9 Da blev kong Belsasar storlig forferdet og skiftet farve, og hans stormenn blev aldeles forvirret.

10 Ved kongens og hans stormenns ord kom dronningen* inn i gjestebudssalen. Hun tok til orde og sa: Kongen leve evindelig! La ikke dine tanker forferde dig, og skift ikke farve! / {* d.e. enkedronningen. DNL 2, 4.}

11 Det finnes i ditt rike en mann i hvem de hellige guders ånd er, og hos hvem det i din fars dager blev funnet oplysning og klokskap og en visdom som guders visdom; og kong Nebukadnesar, din far, gjorde ham til mester for tegnsutleggerne, åndemanerne, kaldeerne og sannsigerne. Således, konge, ophøiet din far ham,

12 fordi det hos ham fantes en høi ånd og kunnskap og innsikt og evne til å tyde drømmer og løse gåter og utrede vanskelige spørsmål - jeg mener Daniel, han som kongen gav navnet Beltsasar. Send derfor bud efter Daniel! Så kunngjør han dig uttydningen.

13 Så blev Daniel ført inn for kongen. Og kongen tok til orde og sa til Daniel: Er du Daniel, en av de jødiske fanger som kongen, min far, førte hit fra Juda?

14 Jeg har hørt om dig at guders ånd er i dig, og at det hos dig er funnet oplysning og innsikt og høi visdom.

15 Nu er vismennene og åndemanerne blitt ført inn for mig for å lese denne skrift og kunngjøre mig dens uttydning; men de er ikke i stand til å kunngjøre mig nogen uttydning av den.

16 Men jeg har hørt om dig at du kan gi uttydninger og utrede vanskelige spørsmål; kan du nu lese denne skrift og kunngjøre mig dens uttydning, så skal du klæs i purpur og få en gullkjede om din hals, og i makt skal du være den tredje i riket.

17 Da svarte Daniel og sa der han stod foran kongen: Dine gaver kan du selv ha, og dine foræringer kan du gi til en annen! Men skriften skal jeg lese for kongen og kunngjøre ham dens uttydning.

18 Konge! Den høieste Gud gav Nebukadnesar, din far, riket og makten og æren og herligheten;

19 og for den makts skyld han hadde gitt ham, bevet og fryktet alle folk, ætter og tungemål for ham; hvem han vilde, slo han ihjel, og hvem han vilde, lot han leve, og hvem han vilde, ophøiet han, og hvem han vilde, fornedret han.

20 Men da hans hjerte ophøiet sig, og hans ånd blev stolt og overmodig, blev han nedstøtt fra sin kongetrone, og hans ære blev tatt fra ham.

21 Han blev utstøtt fra menneskenes barn, og hans hjerte blev likt dyrenes, og hos villeslene var hans bolig; urter måtte han ete likesom oksene, og av himmelens dugg blev hans legeme vætet, inntil han sannet at den høieste Gud råder over kongedømmet blandt menneskene og setter den han vil, til å styre.

22 Men du Belsasar, hans sønn, har ikke ydmyket ditt hjerte, enda du visste alt dette;

23 du har ophøiet dig mot himmelens herre, og du har latt hente karene som var tatt fra hans hus, og du og dine stormenn, dine hustruer og dine medhustruer har drukket vin av dem, og du har prist dine guder av sølv og gull, av kobber, jern, tre og sten, som ikke ser og ikke hører og ikke har forstand; men den Gud i hvis hånd din livsånde er, og som råder over alle dine veier, har du ikke æret.

24 Derfor blev nu denne hånd sendt fra ham, og denne skrift skrevet.

25 Og dette er den skrift som er skrevet her: Mene, mene, tekel, ufarsin*. / {* d.e. tellet, tellet, veid, og de deler.}

26 Og så er uttydningen av dette ord: Mene: Tellet har Gud ditt kongedømmes dager og gjort ende på det.

27 Tekel: Veid er du på vektskål og funnet for lett.

28 Peres: Delt er ditt kongedømme og gitt til mederne og perserne.

29 Da bød Belsasar at Daniel skulde klæs i purpur og en gullkjede legges om hans hals, og at det skulde utropes om ham at han i makt skulde være den tredje i riket.

30 Samme natt blev kaldeerkongen Belsasar drept.

  
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The Feast of Belshazzar      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

Belshazzar's Feast, by Rembrandt, showing the handwriting on the wall

This chapter begins with Belshazzar's feast for his friends. Belshazzar is presented in this chapter as the son of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. His name tells us something about him, for Belshazzar in the original Chaldean language means 'Bel Protect the King.' 'Bel' was a Babylonian god, so this name is about the relationship of the kingly, or ruling loves in a person, and the love of selfishness and dominion from that described by the god of the Babylonians.

Belshazzar has a similar spiritual relationship to Nebuchadnezzar as the Lord Jesus Christ had to the Father. In the case of the Lord, His human set forth the Divine, making it present for all people to see. In the case of Belshazzar, he set forth the love of selfishness, Nebuchadnezzar, for all the world to see. Belshazzar represents the external manifestation of the deepest feelings of selfishness, translated first into thoughts, then actions.

The story of Daniel is about the power of truth changing us from being self-centered to being regenerated. Each person has a Nebuchadnezzar side, and also a Daniel side. In previous chapters, we see Daniel's impact on Nebuchadnezzar. So truth impacts our lives. When we begin the process of change, we follow the order given in chapters two, three, four, and five. Truth is first an intellectual idea which, in time, affects our will. To change, we must be willing to undergo the temptations described in chapter four, but for this to happen, we need to judge our behavior. This is the feast, where actions are judged and those incompatible with conscience are cast out.

Belshazzar commanded the vessels brought so that the guests could drink from them. To drink wine from them means drawing teachings from the Word that one needs to live properly (Apocalypse Explained 376). Before our minds are clear of selfishness, we may go to the Word for guidance. But we are not looking to be lead to the good of life, but to support the selfishness within. This is not unusual with people first introduced to the truths of the Word: as they learn, they may find that the teachings seem to support some of their attitudes, rather than undermine faults. We can see this in Belshazzar's use of the vessels: he did not treat them with respect, but profaned them. Sharing the vessels with his lords, his wives, and concubines shows the various thoughts and affections still tied to selfishness which guided him.

As the king and his guests drank from the holy vessels, they showed their true allegiance: they worshiped gods of gold, silver, brass, iron, wood, and stone, compounding their profanation. Profanation is when the sacred and profane are brought together. One cannot believe the Word is holy, and mock it at the same time. No one can serve two masters (Matthew 6:24).

For a complete explanation of the different materials of the profane idols, see the explanation of the statue from Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel 2. The differences between the two rests in materials of the legs and feet, but in the internal sense, these differences disappear.

Amid this debauchery, a vision took place: the fingers of a man's hand appeared on the wall and wrote words in an unknown language. Belshazzar's fear reflects our own when it suddenly dawns on us that the activities of our life are in conflict with the very things we hold to be true. The conflict between good and evil within us is brought down to the level of our daily lives. The effect can be frightening: it is the realization of our shortcomings. Yet often, before the issues become clear, we feel a sense of unease, a feeling of dissatisfaction at the way our lives are going.

This vague feeling is Belshazzar's inability to read the words written upon the wall. They frightened him, but he did not know what they meant. Like us, he turned to the familiar, comforting voices which usually explained the unknown to him: the astrologers, the soothsayers, and the Chaldeans. These 'wise men' represent the thought patterns we have when our lives are disturbed: we look inwards to our usual justifications. Thus we blame others for our state of mind, or credit it to misfortune, without ever really going to the source of what is bothering us.

Belshazzar promised his soothsayers three distinct things:

"Whoever reads this writing, and tells me its interpretation, shall be clothed with purple and have a chain of gold around his neck; and he shall be the third ruler in the kingdom."

The angels of the celestial heaven wear crimson clothes (Divine Love and Wisdom 380, True Christian Religion 686) as an expression of their love to the Lord. Clothing signifies knowledge (Heaven and Hell 179, Arcana Coelestia 1073, 2576, 5319, 9212, 9216, 9952, 10536) so 'clothing of purple' represents knowledges about love to the Lord. But because Belshazzar is selfishness, the knowledge he offered represents re-establishing selfish love as the ruling principle in our minds. In addition to the purple garments, he offered chains of gold. As we have seen before, gold represents goodness from the Lord. But in this case, the 'goodness' originates in selfishness. The final promise is power. The characteristic of the love of self is the lust for power. Nebuchadnezzar extended his natural kingdom across the earth, as selfishness extends its power throughout our lives.

Unsurprisingly, the 'wise men' could not read the writing on the wall. When we are unhappy because of our selfishness, no thoughts from selfishness will set us straight. If we know that what we are doing is wrong, and yet make excuses for our behavior, we will find little or no comfort in these justifications—they are a part of the problem.

So the queen suggested to Belshazzar that he call Daniel. To convince him of Daniel's worth, she uses terms that describe the quality of a conscience formed from the truths of the Word. 'The Spirit of the Holy God' is the truth from the Lord (Apocalypse Explained 183), where conscience is formed. Divine truth in the mind brings spiritual light (True Christian Religion 40) giving first understanding, and then wisdom. Conscience draws its being from the Divine truths from the Lord. The Babylonian 'wise men' all represent the various thoughts of a selfish mind. As the conscience is formed, it begins to take precedence over these thoughts, until it rules. So a person regenerating intellectually thinks from truth, but may still act from selfishness.

The queen's pleas made an impact on Belshazzar, and Daniel was brought before him. The king offered Daniel the same gifts he offered his wise men and astrologers. Daniel, of course, could not accept these, in much the same way, years before, he had been unable to accept food from Nebuchadnezzar's table. To accept the garments of purple, chains of gold, and a position of power in the kingdom was meaningless to Daniel. He was already, after all, in a position of power. Conscience does not need to be bribed: it stands firm and alone in our minds.

Daniel began his interpretation of the Writing on the Wall with a brief history of Nebuchadnezzar, as a summary of the progression of selfishness. He began with the fact that Nebuchadnezzar received his kingdom of from God. In chapter 1, we are told that 'the Lord gave Jehoiakim into his hand.' This implies that not only was the Lord responsible for the siege of Jerusalem, but for all of Nebuchadnezzar's other victories. This verse reinforces that concept: Nebuchadnezzar's success was because of the Lord.

Daniel voiced the words of judgment eloquently: Belshazzar had not humbled his heart, he had lifted himself up against the Lord of heaven. He used the vessels of the Lord's temple to worship gods of silver and gold, bronze and iron, wood and stone, yet he does not know that the Lord holds his life in His hand.

These well-spoken words of judgment are as much an indictment on us as they were on Belshazzar. Often we know the truths of the Word, we wrestle with them in our minds, we allow them to direct our feelings, and yet we do nothing about them. Spiritual procrastination is one of life's greatest dangers. As long as we put off spiritual progress, and wallow in the comfort of selfishness, as long as we hang onto old prejudices and attitudes, and habitual thinking, we are using the Lord's Word as a way of worshiping false idols. What needs to change in us are our loves, our attitudes. As these change, our external behavior must be brought into alignment with them.

Having chastised Belshazzar, Daniel began to explain the writing on the wall. He began by stressing that the fingers that wrote 'were sent by Him,' meaning the 'Most High God' who gave Nebuchadnezzar his kingdom, majesty and glory. While Nebuchadnezzar had humbled himself before the Lord, Belshazzar had not. In the historical sense, it was important for Daniel to stress the relationship between what happened to Nebuchadnezzar and what would happen to Belshazzar.

The judgment, from the power of the Lord, lay in the words written on the wall: 'mene, mene, tekel, upharsin.' Four words in an unknown language that could only be interpreted by Daniel. Thus we see how our conscience, drawn as it is from the teachings of the Word, is the root of our resistance to evil.

Daniel begins by explaining 'mene' saying: 'God has numbered your kingdom and found it wanting.' To number means to know the quality of something. This is why Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem 'in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim,' and dreamed of the great statue 'in the second year' of his own reign.

The word 'mene' means the process of self-examination. There is no indication why the word is repeated twice; perhaps it indicates the need for an examination of acts flowing from both our will and our understanding—our actions from an inner love for them, and actions from a sense of duty.

The third word on the wall is 'Tekel,' which Daniel told Belshazzar means: 'You have been weighed in the balances and found wanting.' When we examine ourselves, it is from truth: we judge how we compare to the truth. The next step is to assess our feelings. Thus 'one should be found wanting.'

Daniel interprets the final word of the four to mean 'your kingdom has been divided and given to the Medes and Persians.' This literally happened to Belshazzar, but in the internal sense, to divide means to disperse and expel (Apocalypse Explained 373, Arcana Coelestia 9093). This is the third stage of repentance: when a person has examined self, found one's self wanting, and is willing to change, the next step is to separate the evil from ourselves, and to expel it from our lives. It is only in this way that we can be cleansed of evil.

This is an indication of how our lives should progress: no man can serve two masters, the Lord said, we cannot serve God and mammon. We cannot serve self and be ruled by the conscience at the same time. One must increase and the other decrease. By giving Daniel these gifts in the face of the imminent end of his kingdom, Belshazzar shows us how the conscience must increase, while selfishness as the root of our evil must decrease.

Thus it happened that on that very night, Belshazzar, king of the Chaldeans, was slain, and Darius the Mede received the throne, being about sixty-two years old.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1326

Apocalypse Explained 587, 1029

Apocalypse Revealed 717

The Last Judgement 54

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 176

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1183, 3079, 3104, 5223, 8932, 9093, 9818, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 313, 316, 364, 459, 913

Divine Love and Wisdom 383

Doctrine of the Lord 48

Heaven and Hell 365

True Christian Religion 156, 754


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 183, 220, 242, 373, 376, 453

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mosebok 41:15, 42

1 Samuels 17:26, 36

2 Kongebok 5:16, 24:13, 25:15, 28

2 Krønikebok 32:25, 33:23, 36:23

Esras 5:14

Esters 1:3, 10:3

Jobs 12:10

Salmenes 115:4

Proverbs 21:2

Predikerens 8:3

Esaias 13:17, 21:5, 37:23, 47:11

Jeremias 10:23, 25:12, 50:28, 43, 51:28, 31, 39

Esekiel 28:3, 4, 31:10

Daniel 1:2, 6, 7, 17, 2:2, 4, 6, 25, 27, 32, 37, 39, 48, 4:4, 5, 6, 14, 19, 22, 26, 28, 5:7, 16, 6:4, 8:11, 20

Nahum 1:14

Apostlenes-gjerninge 12:23, 17:25

Romerne 1:21

Apenbaring 9:20

Významy biblických slov

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vegg
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

lysestaken
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

slo
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sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

daniel
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

Beltsasar
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

hørt
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

ser
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

hører
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

veier
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skrevet
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

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 Belshazzar's Feast
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Belshazzar’s Feast
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Belshazzar’s Feast (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Belshazzar’s Feast (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Belshazzar’s Feast (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Overview of Daniel: A Man of Conscience for ages 3-14
Overview of a series of scripted lessons for the first six chapters of the book of Daniel. Suitable for Sunday schools, families and classrooms. Levels A, B and C provide materials for ages 3-14.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14


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