Amos 5

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Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Hør dette ord, en klagesang som jeg istemmer over eder, Israels hus!

2 Hun er falt, hun skal aldri reise sig mere, jomfruen Israel; hun ligger nedkastet på sin egen grunn, det er ingen som reiser henne op.

3 For så sier Herren, Israels Gud: Den by som tusen drar ut av, skal ha hundre igjen, og den by som hundre drar ut av, skal ha ti igjen, i Israels hus.

4 For så sier Herren til Israels hus: Søk mig, så skal I leve!

5 Søk ikke til Betel og kom ikke til Gilgal og dra ikke over til Be'erseba! For Gilgal skal bli bortført, og Betel bli til intet.

6 Søk Herren, så skal I leve! Ellers skal han komme over Josefs hus som en ild, og den skal fortære uten at Betel har nogen som slukker!

7 De som forvender retten til malurt og kaster rettferdigheten til jorden!

8 Han som har skapt Syvstjernen og Orion og omskifter dødsskygge til morgen og gjør dagen mørk som natten, han som kaller på havets vann og øser dem ut over jorden - Herren er hans navn!

9 Han som lar ødeleggelse lyne frem mot den sterke og fører ødeleggelse over den faste borg!

10 På tinge hater de den som hevder retten, og de avskyr den som taler sannhet.

11 Derfor, fordi I treder på den fattige og tar avgift i korn av ham, så skal I ikke få bo i de hus av huggen sten som I selv har bygget, og ikke få drikke vin fra de herlige vingårder som I selv har plantet.

12 For jeg vet at eders overtredelser er mange og eders synder tallrike; I forfølger den uskyldige, tar imot løsepenger* og bøier retten for de fattige på tinge. / {* 4MO 35, 31. 2MO 23, 6.}

13 Derfor, den som er klok, han tier i denne tid; for det er en ond tid.

14 Søk det gode og ikke det onde, så I får leve. Da skal Herren, hærskarenes Gud, være med eder, således som I har sagt.

15 Hat det onde og elsk det gode og la retten stå fast på tinge! Kanskje Herren, hærskarenes Gud, da vil være nådig mot Josefs levning.

16 Derfor sier Herren, Israels Gud, hærskarenes Gud, så: På alle gater skal det høres klagerop, og i alle streder skal de rope: Ve, ve! Bonden skal kalles til sørgehøitid, og til dem som er kyndige i sørgekveder, skal de si: Syng en sørgesang!

17 Og i alle vingårder skal det høres klagerop; for jeg vil skride frem midt iblandt eder, sier Herren.

18 Ve dem som stunder efter Herrens dag! Hvad vil I da med Herrens dag? Den er mørke og ikke lys.

19 Det er som når en flykter for en løve, men støter på en bjørn, og når han kommer hjem og støtter sig til veggen med hånden, blir han bitt av en orm.

20 Ja, Herrens dag er mørke og ikke lys, belgmørk og uten lysskjær.

21 Jeg hater og forakter eders høitider, og jeg har ikke behag i eders festforsamlinger;

22 for om I ofrer mig brennoffer og matoffer, finner jeg ikke behag i dem, og eders takkoffer av gjøkalver ser jeg ikke på.

23 La mig slippe for dine larmende sanger! Jeg vil ikke høre på ditt harpespill.

24 Men dommen skal komme veltende som vann, og rettferdigheten som en alltid strømmende bekk.

25 Bar I frem for mig slaktoffer og matoffer i ørkenen i de firti år, Israels hus?

26 Nei, I bar eders konges* telt og eders billeders fotstykke, eders guds stjerne, som I hadde gjort eder. / {* d.e. Moloks.}

27 Jeg vil føre eder bort i fangenskap, langt bortenfor Damaskus, sier han hvis navn er Herren, hærskarenes Gud.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

falt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

by
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Søk
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

josefs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

malurt
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

natten
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

kaller
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

vann
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

hater
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

taler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

bygget
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

drikke
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

vingårder
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

plantet
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

vet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

synder
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

ond
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

hærskarenes
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

gater
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

bonden
'A husbandman,' as mentioned in Amos 5:16, signifies the man of the church, because 'field' signifies the church regarding the implantation of truth. 'A husbandman,'...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mørke
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

lys
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

flykter
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

løve
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

Bjørn
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

Kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

gjøkalver
Fatlings signify celestial goods and the affections thereof, and the delights of those affections. Fatlings of Bashan, as in Ezekiel 39:11, signify goods of the...

sanger
In the ancient and Jewish churches, 'songs' were prophesies about the Lord, especially His coming in the world, subjugation of the diabolical spirits, and liberation...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

bekk
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

ørkenen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

firti
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

stjerne
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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